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Wheatstone's portable ABC telegraph, 1858
Wheatstone ABC telegraph set, made by the General Post Office, England, 1858
Sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable, 1857-1858
Sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable, made by R S Newall and Company, Birkenhead and Greenwich, England, 1857-1858
Sample of 1851 Dover-Calais telegraph cable, 1851
Specimen of Crampton's Dover and Calais telegraph cable, laid in 1851 and remained in use until 1875, made by R S Newall and Company, Millwall, London, England, 1851
Thomson (Lord Kelvin) double curb transmitter, 1858
Thomson's double curb transmitter, probably made by William Thomson (Baron Kelvin), British, 1858
Caricature of an undertaker hoping for cholera, Europe, c. 1854
Print. lithograph, some col, caricaturing precautions in a cholera epidemic [c1840-1865]. 3. 'Hoping for the spread of the cholera' (a gleeful undertaker, in hat, news reports of deaths), image 10x7cm edged to 12x9cm. Framed together with /1, /2, 52x21x2cm
Nasmyth reflecting telescope on turntable stand, 1850-1852
Reflecting telescope, 20-inch aperture with speculum mirror and altazimuth mounting, by James Nasmyth at Patricroft, Manchester, England, 1850-1852. Later the instrument was moved to ‘Hammerhurst’, Nasmyth’s new home at Penshurst, Kent, when he retired from industry in 1856. (see note)
Pocket watch belonging to Joseph Lister
Gold pocket watch with second hand dial, formerly belonging to Lord Lister, by Simmons, London, 1853
Lucien Sharpe sheet metal gauge
Lucien Sharpe micrometer, c. 1850, steel, plain screw-sleeve type, (without rachet feel), reading up to 30mm by 0.01mm
Gold chain for Lister's pocket watch
Gold chain for use with pocket watch, formerly belonging to Lord Lister, in case, by John Simmons, Fleet Street, London, 1853
Model of street-sweeping machine.
Model of a street-sweeping machine, unsigned, United Kingdom, 1850-1857
Daguerreotype of the Moon in leather case
Daguerreotype of the Moon in leather case; (size 4 1/2" x 3 1/4"). M.F.H. Cat. No. 37. A daguerreotype of the moon taken in 1851 by John Adams Whipple (1822-1891) and George Phillips Bond (1825-1865). Whipple, working with Bond, the director of Harvard College Observatory, endeavoured (and eventually succeeded) in creating lunar daguerreotypes of a quality never seen before. Following several failed attempts, this successful photograph probably occurred after a slight adjustment the men made to the focus and resolution of the Harvard telescope. One of Whipple and Bond's lunar daguerreotypes was shown at the Great Exhibition of 1851 where it won a medal.
Telegraph block instrument
Signalling & Telecommunications
Telegraph block instrument; Walker's, 1855, Stockton & Darlington Railway, No 216, type introduced by Mr C V Walker on the South Eastern Railway. (No.161 of 1866) Lock and Block with double semaphore-arm block-indicators on vertical wooden post with top-mounted block-dome/striker. There are 3 plates attached: "SDR No 162" (enamel); "Walker's Semaphore Block Instrument.1855....." (ivorine); "Walkers' Patent.." (enamel). This has a significantly shorter case than the SER examples.
Silver presentation whistle and chain, London & South Western Railway
Tools of the Trade & Personal Accessories
Silver whistle and chain, London & South Western Railway, large ornate whistle engraved "Presented by G.P. Twyford Esq. to J.T. White, Guard, for his general attention to his duties on the South Western Railway Nov.1st 1853".
Spectacles, gold rims, blue lenses, given to James
Spectacles, gold rims, blue lenses, given to James Brown by W. Barnington, in silver case, by Mills, Birmingham, 1853
Bust of Robert Stephenson, English mechanical and civil engineer, 1859.
"Parian Ware" bust, 15" high, of Robert Stephenson
Poster advertising lectures on phrenology, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England, 1851
Lectures on phrenology, physiology, etc. April 3-10 1851. On yellow paper, 58x23cm. In frame, 64x28.5x2cm.
Caricature showing a publican's dilemma during a cholera epidemic, Europe, c. 1854
Print. lithograph, some col, caricaturing precautions in a cholera epidemic [c1840-1865]. 1. 'Fearing the spread of the cholera' (gin drinkers beware, publican's dilemma), image 10x7cm edged to 12x9cm. Framed with /2 and /3, 52x21x2cm
Bust of George Stephenson, English railway engineer, 1859
"Parian Ware" bust, 15" high, of George Stephenson
South-East View of Sheffield
Chromolithograph. South East View of Sheffield. Lithographed by T. Picken after W. Ibbitt, printed by Day & Son, [London]. Published April 7th 1855 by W. Ibbitt, 152 Broad Lane, Sheffield. Image 38x68.5cm on sheet 50x77cm. signed in stone brc W Ibbitt/55. Industrial cityscape with smoking chimneys, canal staithes and barges, workmen on break, women washday, mine heads, civic pride. In frame 66x90x2cm
Trade advertisement - Chadburn Brothers, Albion Wo
Trade advertisement - Chadburn Brothers, Albion Works, Nursery Street, Sheffield. Branch Establishment, 71, Lord Street, Liverpool. Optical, Mathematical and Philosophical Instrument Makers to H.R.H. Prince Albert. From prospectus for Great Exhibition 1851 (Calv. 83).
Harvey demonstrating to King Charles I his theory of the circulation of the blood, print, London, England, 1851
Lloyd Brothers and Company
Mezzotint, William Harvey demonstrating to King Charles I his theory of the circulation of the blood, by H Lemon after R Hannah, issued Lloyd Bros 25 March 1851
Massey's patent ships' log
Massey's patent log consisting of two parts connected by rope, the rotator (or fly) with brass fins and an engraved brass recorder, patented and made by Edward Massey, London, England, 1854-1857
View of the Britannia Tubular Bridge
Lithograph, coloured. View of the Britannia Tubular Bridge (opened 1850) over the Menai Strait, with the road Suspension Bridge of 1826 in background. [c1850]. Overall: trimmed to 27x46cm. Shipping below bridge includes paddlesteamer. In frame 42x60.5x2cm
Lithograph, Chronological pictures of English Hist
Lithograph, Chronological pictures of English History, designed and drawn by John Gilbert: covering 1760 to 1811 in the reign of George III. Featuring inter alia, James Watt seated beside engine apparatus [185-]
Portrait bust of Henry Maudslay
Francis Legatt Chantrey
Plaster cast of original marble bust, by Sir F. Chantrey, of Henry Maudslay (1771-1831)
Orrery planetary model
orrery with brass gearwork and paper scale showing eight planets out to Neptune with wooden case by Newton and Company, London, mid 19th century.
Whitworth Gear Cutting Machine
Hand and Machine Tools
Gear-cutting machine, made by Joseph Whitworth & Co., of Manchester, c. 1854.
Etching [Overpopulation] [Caricature on the effects of potential overpopulation and the " Balloon Craze"]. G. Cruikshank. 
Oil jar, Egypt, 1580-1350BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Earthenware oil jar, Egyptian, probably New Kingdom, 1580-1350BC
Photoglyphic engraving of fern 'Adiantum capillus-veneris'
Photoglyphic engraving from a copper plate made by William Henry Fox Talbot of a fern 'Adiantum capillus-veneris'
Astronomical diagram: Transparent Solar System
Engraving. Astronomical Diagram. Transparent Solar system, displaying the planets with their orbits, as known at the present day. Drawn and engraved by John Emslie. Published by J. Reynolds, 174 Strand.
Working model of Express locomotive engine (Crampton)
Working model of Express locomotive engine (Crampton), Northern Railway of France, 1849, scale 3:20.
Frontispiece of 'Cyanotypes of British And Foreign Ferns' album, 1853
The frontispiece of the album 'Cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns', made by Anna Atkins (1799-1871) in 1853.
Standard weights and measures
Weighing & Measuring
21 Standard brass weights and measures by De Grave, 1851.
Cyanotype of ferns, 1853
A cyanotype of ferns labelled 'Ceylon', from 'Cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns', made by Anna Atkins in 1853.
Kew photoheliograph designed by Warren De la Rue for the Royal Society, London, in 1857 and made by Ross, London. Used for daily photography of the Sun at the Kew Observatory and Royal Observatory, Greenwich. Transported to Rivabellosa in Northern Spain where it was used to photograph the eclipse of the Sun on July 18th 1860. Similar photographs taken by Father Secchi 500 km away showed identical prominences which proved that they were integral to the Sun rather than terrestrial atmospheric effects..
Design reigstered in France 12th January 1853. Book form folding stereoscope for stereo daguerreotypes 11.5 x 7.5cm. With two prismatic lenses, supporting catches are broken. Brass bound. Covered with dark green leather. Spine marked Kilburn stereoscope. c.1853.
Example of original pattern Singer sewing machine of 1851, made c. 1853.
Singer Lockstitch sewing machine model of 1851, by I. M. Singer and Company or the Singer Manufacturing Company, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 1851-1855
Letter from Queen Victoria mentioning chloroform use in childbirth
[Letter] 1859 Dec 21, Windsor Castle/[Queen Victoria. Written in third person, she is "very glad to hear Minnie is going on so well & had the inestimable blessing of chloroform w. no one can ever be sufficiently grateful for". She praises the doctor of whom she has heard many good reports. (Queen Victoria pioneered the use of chloroform in childbirth; it was adminstered to her during her eight confinements and she wrote enthusiastically about it in her journal)]
'British Ferns' insert from 'Cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns', 1853
'British Ferns' insert from the album 'Cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns', made by Anna Atkins (1799-1871) in 1853.
Wet Plate Camera, 1855
A sliding box camera for plates 8 1/2 x 6 1/2 inches, with lens with central stop and rack and pinion focusing, about 1855
Vue General de la Mosquee d'Omar
A photograph entitled 'Vue General de la Mosquee d'Omar' taken by James Robertson and Felice Beato in 1857. The photograph shows the Mosque of Omar. Omar was the caliph-successor of Muhammad who captured Jerusalem from the Eastern Roman Empire. Robertson and Beato began working together in 1853. Together they photographed in Constantinople (now Istanbul), Greece, Jerusalem, and Balaklava where they documented the Crimean War, continuing the work of Roger Fenton (1819-1869).
A photograph of Bradford Cathedral, taken by Samuel Smith, c. 1855.
Daguerreotype of John Avery Stranded In Rapids Above Niagara
Cased sixth plate daguerreotype of John Avery stranded in rapids above Niagara Falls, 1853, by Platt D Babbitt. One of several daguerreotypes made by Babbitt of Avery who after being swept from his boat, spent 18 hours clinging to a log jammed between two rocks above the American Falls. Despite several attempts to resuce him, he was eventually swept to his death over the falls by the water which was moving at between 18 and 20 miles per hour. Babbitt had established his photographic business on the American side of the Falls. His camera sat under a pavilion and when a party of visitors gathered on the edge of the cliff to admire the Falls he would take their photograph unawares and then offer it to them for purchase as a souvenir of their trip.
Print. The Great Exhibition - Crystal Palace. [Pla
Ackermann and Company
Print. The Great Exhibition - Crystal Palace. [Plate 3]. The South Side from near the Princes Gate, looking West. / Phillip Brannan, del.; T. Picken, lith.; Day & Son, liths to the Queen. - London, Published June 9th 1851 by Ackermann & Co., 96 Strand ... Lithograph, col.; image 28.2x48cm on sheet 44.5x61.5cm. Visitors gathered include men with top hats and cavalry with feather-plumed helmets
Calotype print by Nasmyth of lunar crater models and a refracting telescope outside his home in England, 1858
One of six calotype prints, showing two plaster relief models of the lunar surface, a refracting telescope on an equatorial mounting and various accessories. Taken by James Nasmyth at the front of his large house, 'Hammerhurst' near Penshurst in Kent and dated 24th March 1858.
Lightcliffe Railway Station
A photograph of Lightcliffe Railway Station near Halifax in West Yorkshire, taken by Samuel Smith, c. 1855.
A photograph entitled 'Mont Olivier' taken by James Robertson and Felice Beato in 1857.
Mummy of a peregrine falcon, Egypt, 2000-1001 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Mummy of peregrine falcon, Egyptian, 2000-1001 BC