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Thomson's Mirror Marine Galvanometer, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, made by White & Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858
Model of a Power loom for plain weaving
Model, scale 1:3, of a power loom for simple plain weaving made by Messrs. Sevill and Woolstenhulme, Oldham, Manchester, England, 1857. This loom gives the most elementary kind of weaving in which weft crosses over and under the warps alternately and was the type used extensively for calico weaving. There is an arrangement for stopping the loom automatically if the shuttle does not reach its box after each pick, and if the weft should break then a weft fork device which is normally balanced to rest on the unbroken thread falls and operates cut off machinery to stop the loom.
Bullion box containing lead shot
Miscellanea & Curiosities
Bullion Box, South Eastern Railway, box containing lead shot from Great Gold Robbery from London - Paris via Folkestone train on 15 May 1855.
Thomson's Mirror Galvanometer, 1858
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's mirror galvanometer (land type) used at Valentia Island end of the original Atlantic cable, made by White and Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
Mirror galvanometer for the transatlantic telegraph, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
Mirror galvanometer invented by Lord Kelvin and used at the Newfoundland end of the 1858 transatlantic cable, made by James White, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
Whitehouse's induction coil, 1858
Induction coil, probably made by E W O Whitehouse, 1857. Previously believed to have been used for working the 1858 Atlantic cable. According to recent research by Allan Green (c. 2009), this coil is NOT one of the ones used by Whitehouse in working the Atlantic Cable of 1858 (see note)
Caricature showing a publican's dilemma during a cholera epidemic, Europe, c. 1854
Print. lithograph, some col, caricaturing precautions in a cholera epidemic [c1840-1865]. 1. 'Fearing the spread of the cholera' (gin drinkers beware, publican's dilemma), image 10x7cm edged to 12x9cm. Framed with /2 and /3, 52x21x2cm
Lightcliffe Railway Station
A photograph of Lightcliffe Railway Station near Halifax in West Yorkshire, taken by Samuel Smith, c. 1855.
sample of the first transatlantic cable, 1857-1858
Sample of deep-sea portion of first transatlantic telegraph cable, manufactured by Glass, Elliot and Company, Greenwich, London, England, 1857-58. With outer wire armouring wound with a left-hand lay
Fowke's Bellows camera
Camera with fittings etc, formerly the property of Captain Fowke Royal Engineers. Two ivory plaques: 'Capt Fowke's Camera, T. Ottewill & Co. London', 'Henry Cole Esq, In memory of Capt Fowke. R.E. 4th Dec 1868'.
Copy of clay liver used for divination, original from Babylon, 2050-1750 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Babylonian clay liver used for divination, c.2050-1750 BC, copy, 1981
Caricature of an undertaker hoping for cholera, Europe, c. 1854
Print. lithograph, some col, caricaturing precautions in a cholera epidemic [c1840-1865]. 3. 'Hoping for the spread of the cholera' (a gleeful undertaker, in hat, news reports of deaths), image 10x7cm edged to 12x9cm. Framed together with /1, /2, 52x21x2cm
Chart of the Atlantic showing proposed couRse of the Atlantic Cable, 1856-1857
Framed and glazed chart of the Atlantic Ocean showing the proposed course of the Atlantic Cable, plus section marked 1857 showing the depth of the ocean bed at points along the course, made by the Atlantic Telegraph Company, London, England, 1856-1857.
Wheatstone's portable ABC telegraph, 1858
Wheatstone ABC telegraph set, made by the General Post Office, England, 1858
Bright's bell telegraph, 1855
Bright's bell telegraph, unknown maker, England, 1855
Micrometer type mechanical comparator
Whitworth millionth measuring machine in a case for comparing components against standard inch bars; made in 1855.
Caricature showing 'The State Doctor' during a cholera epidemic, Europe, c. 1854
Print. lithograph, some col, caricaturing precautions in a cholera epidemic [c1840-1865]. 2. 'The State Doctor' (wearing expensive frock coat amid drugs and large pestles), image 9.5x6cm edged to 11.5x8cm. Framed together with /1, /3, 52x21x2cm
sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable, 1857-1858
Sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable mounted on wooden presentation block, made by Glass, Elliot and Company, Greenwich, London, England, 1857-1858.
scale with metal stand for Thompson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Scale on stand, for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Tobacco box - made from a piece of roman lead pipe
Miscellanea & Curiosities
Tobacco box, made from a piece of lead pipe found in Roman remains in Old Broad Street, North London Railway. Presented to H. Jones by his friend Jn Johnson in October 1854. Brass inscription on lid.
Royal footwarmer, Great Western Railway
Footwarmer, brass, Great Western Railway, footwarmer from Royal Saloon 1856-1901 as inscribed.
Clark's block signalling telegraph instrument, 1854
Signalling & Telecommunications
Clark's block signalling telegraph instrument, invented by Edwin Clark, probably made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company for the Electric Telegraph Company, London, England, 1854. This type of instrument was used of the London and North Western Railway Line between London and Rugby from 1855
South-East View of Sheffield
Chromolithograph. South East View of Sheffield. Lithographed by T. Picken after W. Ibbitt, printed by Day & Son, [London]. Published April 7th 1855 by W. Ibbitt, 152 Broad Lane, Sheffield. Image 38x68.5cm on sheet 50x77cm. signed in stone brc W Ibbitt/55. Industrial cityscape with smoking chimneys, canal staithes and barges, workmen on break, women washday, mine heads, civic pride. In frame 66x90x2cm
William Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, 1850-1900
William Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, made by Siemens and Halske, Berlin, Germany, 1850-1900.
Specimen of telegraph cable laid in Birmingham in 1856
Specimen of early telegraph cables laid in Birmingham in 1856, unearthed in 1898, unknown maker, British, 1856. 12 gutta-percha covered copper wires, each wire being around 1.67mm in diameter, making it most likely a No. 16 gauge wire of the period. The gutta-percha covering makes each wire 5.6mm in diameter
letter written by William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), 1858
Letter written by William Thomson (later Lord Kelvin) relating to the machinery for laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable, Glasgow, Scotland, 2nd March 1858
'Thunder pump' magneto-electric device, 1856
'Thunder pump' magneto-electric device, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, London, England, 1856
Oil lamp base for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Oil lamp base for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Dietz and Company, City of London, England, 1858
Lamp cover for Thompson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Lamp cover for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Lens for narrowing light beam for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Lens in tubular mount on stand, for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Magneto-electrometer, made by E. O. W. Whitehouse, England, 1857
Thomson (Lord Kelvin) double curb transmitter, 1858
Thomson's double curb transmitter, probably made by William Thomson (Baron Kelvin), British, 1858
Sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable, 1857-1858
Sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable, made by R S Newall and Company, Birkenhead and Greenwich, England, 1857-1858
Telegraph block instrument
Signalling & Telecommunications
Telegraph block instrument; Walker's, 1855, Stockton & Darlington Railway, No 216, type introduced by Mr C V Walker on the South Eastern Railway. (No.161 of 1866) Lock and Block with double semaphore-arm block-indicators on vertical wooden post with top-mounted block-dome/striker. There are 3 plates attached: "SDR No 162" (enamel); "Walker's Semaphore Block Instrument.1855....." (ivorine); "Walkers' Patent.." (enamel). This has a significantly shorter case than the SER examples.
Reginald Southey with Skeletons
An albumen photograph of Reginald Southey (1855-1899), a medical student at Oxford, posed with the skeletons of a human and a monkey, taken by Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) in June 1857.
Kew photoheliograph designed by Warren De la Rue for the Royal Society, London, in 1857 and made by Ross, London. Used for daily photography of the Sun at the Kew Observatory and Royal Observatory, Greenwich. Transported to Rivabellosa in Northern Spain where it was used to photograph the eclipse of the Sun on July 18th 1860. Similar photographs taken by Father Secchi 500 km away showed identical prominences which proved that they were integral to the Sun rather than terrestrial atmospheric effects..
Portrait bust of Henry Maudslay
Francis Legatt Chantrey
Plaster cast of original marble bust, by Sir F. Chantrey, of Henry Maudslay (1771-1831)
Binocular stereoscopic camera
Binocular stereoscopic camera no. 12, made by John Benjamin Dancer, Manchester, c.1856 and probably owned by Joseph Sidebotham in the 1860s. Rear plate holder removeable. Focussed by turning milled nut on top. Fitted with a focal plate shutter as well as a front of lens shutter. Missing spirit level, brass plunger for changing plates and changing box.
Wet Plate Camera, 1855
A sliding box camera for plates 8 1/2 x 6 1/2 inches, with lens with central stop and rack and pinion focusing, about 1855
Working model of Express locomotive engine (Crampton)
Working model of Express locomotive engine (Crampton), Northern Railway of France, 1849, scale 3:20.
Serrin's gravity fed and electromagnetically controlled arc lamp
Serrin's gravity fed and electromagnetically controlled arc lamp. The gap between the carbon rods is controlled.
Early form of Amsler planimeter c. 1856, engraved
Early form of Amsler planimeter c. 1856, engraved `Elliot, London'
Design reigstered in France 12th January 1853. Book form folding stereoscope for stereo daguerreotypes 11.5 x 7.5cm. With two prismatic lenses, supporting catches are broken. Brass bound. Covered with dark green leather. Spine marked Kilburn stereoscope. c.1853.
Longcase clock, Stephenson & Co's Locomotive Works
Longcase clock by Isaac Jackson, Wylam, ordered by Robert Stephenson in 1857 and installed in the General Manager's Office at R. Stephenson & Co's Locomotive Works, Newcastle, 14.12.1858
Massey's patent ships' log
Massey's patent log consisting of two parts connected by rope, the rotator (or fly) with brass fins and an engraved brass recorder, patented and made by Edward Massey, London, England, 1854-1857
Robert Stephenson, M.P. and the most celebrated engineers raising the tubular bridge
Mezzotint, Conference of engineers at Britannia Bridge. Scott after John Lucas, 1858; After the oil by Lucas, 1851-53, in the Institution of Civil Engineers London. - Proof issued April 1858. – Old mount title: Robert Stephenson, M.P. and the most celebrated engineers raising the tubular bridge. - Artist witnessed float of 4th tube. Portrait, Robert Stephenson seated centre at table with plans and instruments; around him, seated or standing, Locke, Brunel, Bidder, Wild, L and E Clark, Forster, and Ross, civil engineers; Moorson and Claxton, nautical specialists; Hemmingway, master mason; background panorama of completed bridge  over Menai Strait
Microphotograph "Photograph from life of J. B. Dancer"
Microphotograph no. 33, "Photograph from life of J. B. Dancer", taken by John Benjamin Dancer.
James Swift and Son Limited
1857 - 1969
1857-1969, optical instrument makers (microscope), London, England
Calotype print by Nasmyth of lunar crater models and a refracting telescope outside his home in England, 1858
One of six calotype prints, showing two plaster relief models of the lunar surface, a refracting telescope on an equatorial mounting and various accessories. Taken by James Nasmyth at the front of his large house, 'Hammerhurst' near Penshurst in Kent and dated 24th March 1858.