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Single-cylinder Oil Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder oil engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1894. Single cylinder heavy oil engine, a four stroke principle, horizontal type, with cylinder over hung at rear. Feed oil tank contained in base of casting so this was a self contained unit except for water to cool it.
Chamberland filter, France, 1875-1884
Chamberland filter used by Pasteur and Chamberland in work on anthrax and chicken cholera
Spherical nickel plated brass Troy weight
Weighing & Measuring
One of 16 spherical nickel plated, brass Troy weights, 4lbs Tr., by L. Oertling verified by the Standards Department of the Board of Trade
mechanical equivalent of heat apparatus
Joule's original calorimeter ('paddle-wheel apparatus') used in determining the mechanical equivalent of heat. Copper mixing vessel with vane and spindle
The first Wheeler and Wilson sewing machine, 1866.
Wheeler and Wilson lock stitch sewing machine, type No.1. The first machine with rotary hook and four motion feed patented by Allen B. Wilson 1851 and 1854, and made in 1866.
Small bottle containing catgut ligatures, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1869-1875
Small bottle containing carbolised catgut ligature, by J.F. MacFarlan and Co. of Edinburgh, c. 1870
Steam locomotive, 'Bauxite'
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Industrial 0-4-0ST locomotive "Bauxite", built by Black, Hawthorn & Co Ltd, 1874.
Birtac 17.5mm Camera/Projector
The Birtac camera/projector in ever ready leather case. Designed by Birt Acres, made by The Northern Photographic Works, Barnet, 1899. Cine camera/projector for 17.5mm film (slit standard). Ross lens, No 57581 with Waterhouse stop slot (three stop sin top compartment) on internal rack mount for projection; threraded mount on exterior for taking seperate gates for two functions. Beater intermittent; single continuous sprocket. Direct vision finder, ground glass missing, detached, needs repair (in top compartment).
Reginald Southey with Skeletons
An albumen photograph of Reginald Southey (1855-1899), a medical student at Oxford, posed with the skeletons of a human and a monkey, taken by Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) in June 1857.
Glass copy negative of Leeds Bridge by Louis Le Prince
Single large glass copy negative of Louis Le Prince's footage shot on Leeds Bridge in October 1888. This copy negative was made by the Science Museum in 1933 from the original paper negatives created by Le Prince and shows frame numbers 110 to 129.
Beck Field camera
Folding field camera for 4 3/4 x 6 1/2 inch plates. Fitted with a Portland soft focus lens F; 9 inches f/4.5-16 Serial No 2071. Sold by James A. Sinclair and Co. Serial No 721107 and 346. Sliding rising and cross front. Tailboard design. Rack and pinion focusing. Double extension. Swing back. Square bellows. Hinged ground glass focusing screen with clear centre spot. Reversible back. R & J Beck. c.1889. with lens cap.
Plaster death mask of Alexander Humboldt
Plaster death mask of Friedrich Heinrich Alexander Baron Humboldt (1769-1859)
Album of cartes-de-visite and cabinet cards by Julia Margaret Cameron, c 1870
Miniature photographic album featuring cartes-de-visite and cabinet cards of works by Julia Margaret Cameron. Known as the 'Julia Hay Norman Miniature Album', 12 May 1869. This album was given by Julia Margaret Cameron to her daughter, Julia Norman on 12 May 1869. The album consists of 144 reduced albumen prints taken from her large format subjects. 135 are mounted as cartes-de-visite and 9 are mounted on cabinet mounts. Some subjects appear twice. Cameron has inscribed the album and captioned the majority of the prints.
Twice melted slag from melting the last in the con
Twice melted slag from melting the last in the concentration process
Photograph of a radiograph of hand taken by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Germany, 1895
Photograph of a radiograph of a hand, covered with glass, taken by Roentgen, Wurzburg, Germany, 1895
Two Kineograph Flicker Books
Flicker books (2): windmill, illustration in original patent, cover and 1st pages missing; dancing skeleton. Linnett's patent.
Brown & Sharpe automatic lathe
Hand and Machine Tools
Automatic lathe, made by Brown & Sharpe Manufacturing Co., Providence, Rhode Island, USA, and installed at the Renolds Ltd factory, Manchester, 1897. Number 0.0.
Magic lantern slide: 'The Elephant's Revenge', number 8
One in a series of hand-painted magic lantern slides entitled 'The Elephant's Revenge', made by Newton and Company in 1870. The series tells the story of what happens when a man taunts an elephant. This is the eighth slide in the series, showing the elephant dangling the man over a crocodile waiting with open jaws.
Karl Ferdinand Braun's 'Braun tube', 1897
Early 'Braun Tube'. Cathode ray tube.
Crossley Horizontal Single-cylinder Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder four-stroke cycle gas engine made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1886. Used in Edinburgh foundry. This was the first type of internal-combustion engine to work on Otto's four-stroke principle, patented in 1876, and is thus the direct ancestor of present-day piston internal-combustion engines.
Marey's Camera for Chronophotography
Camera for chronophotography on a fixed plate invented by Étienne-Jules Marey, about 1882.
Early example of gramophone by Berliner, with ear tubes, horn, two records and one point stamped 'E. Berliner Grammophon D.R.P. 45048'. This gramophone consists simply of a turntable rotated by hand and a rather crude form of sound-box, fitted with a cardboard horn. The sound-box is mounted on a swinging arm which is pivoted to the base frame so that it can swing across the record as its stylus follows the grove.
Series of photographs showing phases of movement of a man jumping a hurdle, by Étienne-Jules Marey
Photograph showing phases of movement of a man jumping a hurdle, made by Étienne-Jules Marey, c 1892.
Early telephone by Alexander Graham Bell, 1877.
Early Bell telephone instrument used at Lloyds station, patented by Alexander Graham Bell, unknown maker, British, 1877. The mouth/ear piece is not original and was added by the museum in 1906
Rigged model of the PS 'Scotia'
Builder's, whole, rigged model, scale 1:48 of the PS 'Scotia' (1861), he last Cunard, transatlantic paddle steamer, by Robert Napier and Sons, Govan, Glasgow, Scotland, 1861
Original pilot Bessemer converter, 1865.
Original pilot Bessemer converter from which the first cast of steel was poured at the works of the Barrow Haematite Steel Company Ltd., Barrow-in-Furness, in May 1865
'Manchester' dynamo, around 1886.
Green-painted ‘Manchester’ dynamo generator. Made in Salford by Mather & Platt Ltd in Salford in 1886.
One Penny Postage and Inland Revenue Stamps
Pane or block of 36 One Penny Postage and Inland Revenue Stamps, lilac, profile of Queen Victoria, 1881 issue (SG 170 or 172), sheet: 16.8 x 13.8 cm
Maull and Polyblank
1 photograph, studio albumen, portrait, Edwin Chadwick, [186-], (1800-1890) / Maull and Polyblank, London, [186-], gilt border on card mount, 31x26cm., image 20x15cm.
Ross Rapid Symmetrical Lens
Rapid symmetrical lens by Ross, London, 8 1/2 x 6 1/2 inch, Serial No 30350. Part of the Arthur Frank collection. With dust cap of wood (sycamore?) and leatherette lined and felt. Ross, 1875-1885.
Vertical Steam Engine, 1891
14 hp vertical, single-cylinder, Marshall Steam Engine (made by Messrs. Marshall of Gainsborough, for Imperial Institute in 1891 and transferred to Kew Gardens in 1903)
Silk Fabric Dyed with Mauveine of a Pattern Supplied to Queen Victoria
Small piece of silk fabric dyed with mauveine of pattern supplied to Queen Victoria for dress about 1860
'Dancing (Fancy)'. Plate 187 from 'Animal Locomotion'
Collotype print by Eadweard Muybridge, Plate 187, 'Dancing (Fancy)', from 'Animal Locomotion'; an Electro-Photographic Investigation of Consecutive Phases of Animal Movements, 1872-1885', published in 1887.
J J Thomson's Electromagnetic Tube used in the Discovery of the Electron, about 1896
Electromagnetic (e/m) cathode ray tube, by Sir Joseph John Thomson, Cambridge, England, 1896. Part of the J.J. Thomson's original e/m cathode ray tube apparatus, for measuring the velocity of the cathode rays and the ratio of the mass of the carriers to the charge carried by them.
Hertzian oscillator, 1894
Small Hertzian oscillator, made by E E Robinson, England, 1894. Used by Oliver Lodge in his lecture before the Royal Institution on 1 June 1894 on ‘The work of Hertz and his successors’
'Orthometre', eye measuring device for criminal identification system, Paris, France, 1895
Psychology, Psychiatry & Anthropometry
Orthometre brass eye measuring instrument in velvet lined wooden case, 1895. Designed by Alphonse Bertillon in Paris, France as a criminal identification tool.
Holmes's electricity generator, 1867
Holmes magneto electric machine from Souter Point Lighthouse. (without terminals)
Working model of Express locomotive engine (Crampton)
Working model of Express locomotive engine (Crampton), Northern Railway of France, 1849, scale 3:20.
Short's 'Filoscope' Flip Book 'The Train'
Short's Filoscope 'The Train'. Manufactured by The British Mutoscope & Biograph Co Ltd, Henry W Short (patentee/inventor), 1897.
Old Building, High Street
A photograph entitled 'Old Building, High Street', taken by Thomas Annan in 1868. The photograph shows a row of buildings on the High Street in Glasgow. A sign on the building on the left advertises 'Money Lent On All Kinds Of Mechanics Tools Etc' above a sign for a 'Drysalter, Oil & Colourman'. The building next to it houses H McIlvenny's Lodging.
Drew and Sons
1887 - 1935
active 1887 -1920s?, manufacturer of leather goods, picnic baskets and silver, London, ENgland
Romeo and Juliet', 1867
Photograph entitled 'Romeo and Juliet' taken by Julia Margaret Cameron in 1867. Albumen contact print from wet collodion negative. This photographic study of Henry John Stedman Cotton (1845-1917) and Mary Ryan (1848-1914) posed as characters from William Shakespeare's (1564-1616) play 'Romeo And Juliet' (1594-1595) forms part of the Herschel Album, created by Cameron for her friend Sir John Herschel (1792-1871).
'Silvertown Set' telephone with Blake transmitter, 1879-1890
'SIlvertown Set' wall telephone, India Rubber, Gutta-Percha and Telegraph Works Company, Silvertown, London, 1879-1880. With Blake transmitter, trembler bell, push button and switch hook, and stamped "National Telephone Co. Ltd.".
Quadruple expansion launch steam engine of the condensing type
Quadruple expansion launch steam engine of the condensing type, designed for use with a water tube boiler, on wood feet, by Simpson Strickland and Co. Ltd., Portsmouth, c. 1898
Incandescent electric lamp with 'candlestick' cap
Incandescent carbon filament electric lamp, detachable 'candlestick' cap that fits into a lamp holder, made by Swan Electric Light Company Ltd in Benwell, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, c.1879, this is an early example of a commercial light bulb of the type patented by Joseph Swan, the vendor acquired the bulb from a public house on the Isle of Sheppy during 1940, the filament was broken in an air raid that night
Alloy of 90 copper and 10 tin. A bronze
Alloy of 90 copper and 10 tin. A bronze