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Thomson's Mirror Marine Galvanometer, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, made by White & Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858
Electric motor used by James J
Scientific Instruments & Research
Electric motor used by James Joule, c.1860. Armature original but the rest may be replica. This simple electric motor was used by the scientist James Joule for experiments about energy. Joule was a Salford resident and the son of a brewer. He was taught by the famous scientist John Dalton. Joule's experiments in 1845 led him to an new understanding of energy conversion. Research by Joule showed that electricity, mechanical work and heat are all the same thing - forms of energy. He used equipment like this to learn that formd of energy are interchangeable and that energy cannot be created or destroyed. Joule is remembered as one of the founders of modern physics. From 1948 the Joule became a standard international unit of energy measurement.
Wheatstone's portable ABC telegraph, 1858
Wheatstone ABC telegraph set, made by the General Post Office, England, 1858
Hughes' printing telegraph, 1860.
Hughes typewriting telegraph instrument, unknown maker, 1860. Invented about 1855 by David E Hughes (1829/31-1900), US patent numbers, 14,917, 1856; 22,531, 1859 and 22,770, 1859; British patent number 938, 1858.
Thomson's Mirror Galvanometer, 1858
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's mirror galvanometer (land type) used at Valentia Island end of the original Atlantic cable, made by White and Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
sample of the first transatlantic cable, 1857-1858
Sample of deep-sea portion of first transatlantic telegraph cable, manufactured by Glass, Elliot and Company, Greenwich, London, England, 1857-58. With outer wire armouring wound with a left-hand lay
Whitehouse's induction coil, 1858
Induction coil, probably made by E W O Whitehouse, 1857. Previously believed to have been used for working the 1858 Atlantic cable. According to recent research by Allan Green (c. 2009), this coil is NOT one of the ones used by Whitehouse in working the Atlantic Cable of 1858 (see note)
Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Magneto-electrometer, made by E. O. W. Whitehouse, England, 1857
letter written by William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), 1858
Letter written by William Thomson (later Lord Kelvin) relating to the machinery for laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable, Glasgow, Scotland, 2nd March 1858
Thomson (Lord Kelvin) double curb transmitter, 1858
Thomson's double curb transmitter, probably made by William Thomson (Baron Kelvin), British, 1858
Mirror galvanometer for the transatlantic telegraph, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
Mirror galvanometer invented by Lord Kelvin and used at the Newfoundland end of the 1858 transatlantic cable, made by James White, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
Model of a Power loom for plain weaving
Model, scale 1:3, of a power loom for simple plain weaving made by Messrs. Sevill and Woolstenhulme, Oldham, Manchester, England, 1857. This loom gives the most elementary kind of weaving in which weft crosses over and under the warps alternately and was the type used extensively for calico weaving. There is an arrangement for stopping the loom automatically if the shuttle does not reach its box after each pick, and if the weft should break then a weft fork device which is normally balanced to rest on the unbroken thread falls and operates cut off machinery to stop the loom.
Cable 'tree' decorative souvenir of the Transatlantic Cable, 1858
Cable 'tree', decorative souvenir of the 1858 transatlantic submarine telegraph cable, made by George Rapson, England, 1858-1865. Five short sections of original cable mounted vertically and joined by brass shanks, with seven thin disks of cable (originally 10, three missing) suspended from the mounted sections, plus a model sailor with three flags on top. Mounted on a velvet covered circular wooden plinth
James Watt and the Steam Engine Print
Print. Engraving with mezzotint, [James Watt and the Steam Engine]. Engraved by James Scott, 1860, after painting by James Eckford Lander [ie, Lauder]. Trimmed
Plaster death mask of Alexander Humboldt
Plaster death mask of Friedrich Heinrich Alexander Baron Humboldt (1769-1859)
sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable, 1857-1858
Sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable mounted on wooden presentation block, made by Glass, Elliot and Company, Greenwich, London, England, 1857-1858.
scale with metal stand for Thompson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Scale on stand, for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Oil lamp base for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Oil lamp base for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Dietz and Company, City of London, England, 1858
Lamp cover for Thompson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Lamp cover for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Sample of Bessemer steel
Sample of Bessemer steel, one slice cut from the muzzle of a gun section, 2.5" x 1.375", and bent cold under the steam hammer, 1860
Lens for narrowing light beam for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Lens in tubular mount on stand, for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable, 1857-1858
Sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable, made by R S Newall and Company, Birkenhead and Greenwich, England, 1857-1858
Bust of George Stephenson, English railway engineer, 1859
"Parian Ware" bust, 15" high, of George Stephenson
Small wares loom, made by T. Larmuth & Co., Manchester, around 1860.
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Enfield carbine rifle
Hand and Machine Tools
Enfield carbine rifle, barrel length 595 mm / 23.4 in and calibre 14.3 mm / 0.56 in, London, United Kingdom, c.1860
Bust of Robert Stephenson, English mechanical and civil engineer, 1859.
"Parian Ware" bust, 15" high, of Robert Stephenson
Copy of clay liver used for divination, original from Babylon, 2050-1750 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Babylonian clay liver used for divination, c.2050-1750 BC, copy, 1981
Portrait bust of Henry Maudslay
Francis Legatt Chantrey
Plaster cast of original marble bust, by Sir F. Chantrey, of Henry Maudslay (1771-1831)
Painting of Sunspot by James Nasmyth, 1860
Painting, Sunspot, James Nasmyth, 1860. Oil, lampblack and distemper on paper, irregular corners at bottom, 42x45.5cm, backed with Holland linen to edge 43.5x47cm. Scaled: 10000 [over c10inches/25cm ruled]. Sunspot viewed by James Nasmyth through his telescope at Penshurst, and painted with photographic accuracy to show the willowleaf granulation and lightbridge features. Solar willow-leaves, or, an account of the great Spot in the sun, as observed by Mr Nasmyth, in July, 1860. With an illustration from a drawing by Mr. Nasmyth/Josiah Crampton. To left: black disc annotated 'The Earth' to the same scale. James Nasmyth (18080-1890) was a Scotish engineer who built shaping machines invented the first steam hammer, retired to Kent and pursued his interest in astronomy, which included charting sunspots.
One of the first rechargeable batteries, about 1860
The first practical lead-acid storage battery. Made by Gaston Planté in London around 1860.
Whitworth Pillar Drilling Machine
Hand and Machine Tools
Pillar drill, made by Joseph Whitworth & Co., Manchester, c. 1860.
Clayton's brick-making machine, 1860.
Model of Henry Clayton's wire-cutting brick-making machine, scale 1:4, manufactured by Henry Clayton and Co., 1860
Spratt’s Patent Copper Lightning Conductor
Woven copper lightning conductor. Made by James Spratt in London around 1860.
Kew photoheliograph designed by Warren De la Rue for the Royal Society, London, in 1857 and made by Ross, London. Used for daily photography of the Sun at the Kew Observatory and Royal Observatory, Greenwich. Transported to Rivabellosa in Northern Spain where it was used to photograph the eclipse of the Sun on July 18th 1860. Similar photographs taken by Father Secchi 500 km away showed identical prominences which proved that they were integral to the Sun rather than terrestrial atmospheric effects..
Rigged model of the PS 'Scotia'
Builder's, whole, rigged model, scale 1:48 of the PS 'Scotia' (1861), he last Cunard, transatlantic paddle steamer, by Robert Napier and Sons, Govan, Glasgow, Scotland, 1861
Oil jar, Egypt, 1580-1350BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Earthenware oil jar, Egyptian, probably New Kingdom, 1580-1350BC
Wood's embossing apparatus for use by blind people
Printing & Writing
Wood's apparatus for the blind, for embossing on Lucas's system.
Reginald Southey with Skeletons
An albumen photograph of Reginald Southey (1855-1899), a medical student at Oxford, posed with the skeletons of a human and a monkey, taken by Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) in June 1857.
James Swift and Son Limited
1857 - 1969
1857-1969, optical instrument makers (microscope), London, England
Steam trains of the Oriental Inland Steam company
Day and Son
Chromolithographs (pair), Steam trains of the Oriental Inland Steam company (from John Bourne's system of India river navigation), by Day and Son, 1858 [river paddle steamer and five barges] /1 [transporting troops] 400x575mm (trimmed) /2 [transporting cargo]
Early compound beam engine
Compound Condensing Beam Engine 8" & 16" diam. x 17 7/8" & 26" stroke respectively, boiler feed pumps with plunger and Spare engine piston ring and parcel of small spare parts, by Thomas Horn, Engineer, Westminster, London, England, 1860 used at Ifield Sussex
Photoglyphic engraving of fern 'Adiantum capillus-veneris'
Photoglyphic engraving from a copper plate made by William Henry Fox Talbot of a fern 'Adiantum capillus-veneris'
Spratt’s Patent Lightning Conductor
Encased copper lightning conductor. Made by James Spratt in London around 1860.
giffard live steam injector
Locomotives and Rolling Stock Components
Injector, live steam injector. designed by Henri Giffard in 1858, sectioned.
Dagron microphotographic camera
All-brass camera for multiple microphotographs; 25 lenses in 5x5 arrangement (5 missing). Repeating back. On pillar and heavy iron base. Critical focusser. From lot bought by Kodak-Pathe; owned by Lize, 30 Rue Blondel, Paris
Portrait bust of Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Fixtures & Fittings from Railway Buildings
Plaster cast bust of Brunel, by Edward Wyon 1861.