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Thompson's Revolver Camera
Thompson's Revolver camera, serial number 44, manufactured by A Briois, Paris 1862. Camera body engraved: `Thompson Invtr, A Briois, 4 rue de la Douane, Paris, Brevete SGDG, No.44'
Hughes' printing telegraph, 1860.
Hughes typewriting telegraph instrument, unknown maker, 1860. Invented about 1855 by David E Hughes (1829/31-1900), US patent numbers, 14,917, 1856; 22,531, 1859 and 22,770, 1859; British patent number 938, 1858.
Improved Patent Magneto Electric Machine for nervous diseases
Improved Patent Magneto Electric Machine for nervous diseases, dynamo with steel magnet and brass and ebony terminals to apply to patient, all in polished wood case dated, unsigned, Europe, 1862
Thomson's Mirror Marine Galvanometer, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, made by White & Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858
Thomson's Mirror Galvanometer, 1858
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's mirror galvanometer (land type) used at Valentia Island end of the original Atlantic cable, made by White and Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
Reis telephone transmitter, 1863
Reis telephone transmitter, made by J W Arnold, Frankfurt, Germany, 1863
Mirror galvanometer for the transatlantic telegraph, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
Mirror galvanometer invented by Lord Kelvin and used at the Newfoundland end of the 1858 transatlantic cable, made by James White, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
Portrait of 'Clementina Maude' by Lady Clementina Hawarden, albumen print, 1863, woman reading seated beside window.
Whitehouse's induction coil, 1858
Induction coil, probably made by E W O Whitehouse, 1857. Previously believed to have been used for working the 1858 Atlantic cable. According to recent research by Allan Green (c. 2009), this coil is NOT one of the ones used by Whitehouse in working the Atlantic Cable of 1858 (see note)
Electric motor used by James J
Scientific Instruments & Research
Electric motor used by James Joule, c.1860. Armature original but the rest may be replica. This simple electric motor was used by the scientist James Joule for experiments about energy. Joule was a Salford resident and the son of a brewer. He was taught by the famous scientist John Dalton. Joule's experiments in 1845 led him to an new understanding of energy conversion. Research by Joule showed that electricity, mechanical work and heat are all the same thing - forms of energy. He used equipment like this to learn that formd of energy are interchangeable and that energy cannot be created or destroyed. Joule is remembered as one of the founders of modern physics. From 1948 the Joule became a standard international unit of energy measurement.
Cable 'tree' decorative souvenir of the Transatlantic Cable, 1858
Cable 'tree', decorative souvenir of the 1858 transatlantic submarine telegraph cable, made by George Rapson, England, 1858-1865. Five short sections of original cable mounted vertically and joined by brass shanks, with seven thin disks of cable (originally 10, three missing) suspended from the mounted sections, plus a model sailor with three flags on top. Mounted on a velvet covered circular wooden plinth
Copy of clay liver used for divination, original from Babylon, 2050-1750 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Babylonian clay liver used for divination, c.2050-1750 BC, copy, 1981
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Sample of Bessemer steel
Sample of Bessemer steel, one slice cut from the muzzle of a gun section, 2.5" x 1.375", and bent cold under the steam hammer, 1860
Wheatstone's portable ABC telegraph, 1858
Wheatstone ABC telegraph set, made by the General Post Office, England, 1858
Silk skirt and blouse dyed with Perkin's Mauve Aniline Dye
Silk skirt and blouse dyed with Sir William Henry Perkin's Mauve Aniline Dye, unsigned, England, 1862-1863
Distinguished Men of Science
Walker: - Distinguished Men of Science of Great Britain 1807-8. [Proof, with fascimile signatures on paper not as separate strip] in maple frame. Designed by Gilbert and drawn by F. Skill and W. Walker. Engraved by W. Walker and G. Zobel. London, 1862.
Enfield carbine rifle
Hand and Machine Tools
Enfield carbine rifle, barrel length 595 mm / 23.4 in and calibre 14.3 mm / 0.56 in, London, United Kingdom, c.1860
scale with metal stand for Thompson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Scale on stand, for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Writing machine for blind people, United Kingdom, 1862
Printing & Writing
Martin's writing machine for use by blind people, 1862
One of the first rechargeable batteries, about 1860
The first practical lead-acid storage battery. Made by Gaston Planté in London around 1860.
Small wares loom, made by T. Larmuth & Co., Manchester, around 1860.
Oil lamp base for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Oil lamp base for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Dietz and Company, City of London, England, 1858
letter written by William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), 1858
Letter written by William Thomson (later Lord Kelvin) relating to the machinery for laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable, Glasgow, Scotland, 2nd March 1858
Glass pharmacy storage bottle
Glass bottle, painted with the scene of the birth of Saint, from the Santa Maria Nuova Hospital in Florence
Lamp cover for Thompson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Lamp cover for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Lens for narrowing light beam for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Lens in tubular mount on stand, for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Reis telephone receiver, 1863
Reis telephone receiver, made by J W Albert, Frankfurt, Germany, 1863
Siemens Morse inker, 1862
Siemen's direct writing Morse inker, made by Siemens Brothers and Company Limited, England, 1862.
Thomson (Lord Kelvin) double curb transmitter, 1858
Thomson's double curb transmitter, probably made by William Thomson (Baron Kelvin), British, 1858
Bust of Robert Stephenson, English mechanical and civil engineer, 1859.
"Parian Ware" bust, 15" high, of Robert Stephenson
James Watt and the Steam Engine Print
Print. Engraving with mezzotint, [James Watt and the Steam Engine]. Engraved by James Scott, 1860, after painting by James Eckford Lander [ie, Lauder]. Trimmed
Telescoped sample of shore end Persian Gulf Cable, 1863
Telescoped sample of shore end Persian Gulf Cable, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, North Woolwich, London, England, 1863
Telescoped sample of twin-core shore end cable used at Bushehr in the Persian Gulf Cable, 1863
Telescoped sample of twin-core shore end used at Bushehr (Bushire) in the laying of the Persian Gulf Cable, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, North Woolwich, London, England, 1863
Short sample of shore end Persian Gulf Cable, 1863
Short sample of shore end Persian Gulf Cable, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, North Woolwich, London, England, 1863
Short sample of twin-core shore end used at Bushire in the Persian Gulf Cable, 1863
Short sample of twin-core shore end used at Bushehr in the laying of the Persian Gulf Cable, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, North Woolwich, London, England, 1863
Tables of lifetimes, annuities, and premiums
Book, "English life table : tables of lifetimes, annuities, and premiums ", by William Farr, M.D., F.R.S., D.C.L., 1864 (605 pp)
Short sample of main Persian Gulf Cable, 1863
Short sample of main Persian Gulf Cable, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, North Woolwich, London, England, 1863
Bust of George Stephenson, English railway engineer, 1859
"Parian Ware" bust, 15" high, of George Stephenson
Plaster death mask of Alexander Humboldt
Plaster death mask of Friedrich Heinrich Alexander Baron Humboldt (1769-1859)
Whitworth Pillar Drilling Machine
Hand and Machine Tools
Pillar drill, made by Joseph Whitworth & Co., Manchester, c. 1860.
Pantascopic camera No 32
Pantascopic camera No 32, 1862. For flat plates. With an A Grubb patent achromatic lens with disc stops. Camera driven by clockwork motor, gearing with rack on inside of tripod head and held in mesh by thick rubber band. Air vane governor. In operation, string wound round tripod head pulled plateholder (missing) past slot in camera back on steel track with folding ends for transport. Spirit level (dry). J R Johnson. Overall: 220 mm x 312 mm x 190 mm, 187 mm (dia. base).
Rigged model of the PS 'Scotia'
Builder's, whole, rigged model, scale 1:48 of the PS 'Scotia' (1861), he last Cunard, transatlantic paddle steamer, by Robert Napier and Sons, Govan, Glasgow, Scotland, 1861
Painting of Sunspot by James Nasmyth, 1860
Painting, Sunspot, James Nasmyth, 1860. Oil, lampblack and distemper on paper, irregular corners at bottom, 42x45.5cm, backed with Holland linen to edge 43.5x47cm. Scaled: 10000 [over c10inches/25cm ruled]. Sunspot viewed by James Nasmyth through his telescope at Penshurst, and painted with photographic accuracy to show the willowleaf granulation and lightbridge features. Solar willow-leaves, or, an account of the great Spot in the sun, as observed by Mr Nasmyth, in July, 1860. With an illustration from a drawing by Mr. Nasmyth/Josiah Crampton. To left: black disc annotated 'The Earth' to the same scale. James Nasmyth (18080-1890) was a Scotish engineer who built shaping machines invented the first steam hammer, retired to Kent and pursued his interest in astronomy, which included charting sunspots.
Parkesine brush or mirror with moulded female Grecian figure with tambourine
Plastics and Modern Materials
Parkesine brush (or mirror?) back, made by Alexander Parkes, c. 1862, ivory colour, decorated with moulded Grecian female figure with tambourine; floral border around figure and on handle. (P251)
Sikes' Hydrometer (c. 1860), by DRING & FAGE, 19 &
Sikes' Hydrometer (c. 1860), by DRING & FAGE, 19 & 20 TOOLEY STREET LONDON. No 6 standard, gilt in mahogany case.
Painting, Isaac Newton (1642-1727) / Thomas Oldham Barlow (1824-1889), 1863. Copied from the original of 1689 by Sir Godfrey Kneller (1646/9-1723). Oil on canvas; 74 x 62 cm or 90 x 78 x 7 cm in gilt frame. Inscribed recto: l., ISAACVS NEWTONVS. ; r., Godfrey Kneller f. 1689. Inscribed verso: Copied from the original picture by permission of Lord Portsmouth. Thomas Oldham Barlow 1863. Portrait, HS, looking slightly to r.; natural hair, shirt open at neck, brown gown loosely wrapped, r. hand resting over l. arm.
Glass flask used by Louis Pasteur, France, 1860-1864
Glass flask containing yeast water, prepared by Pasteur during his experiments on spontaneous generation, French