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Thomson's Mirror Marine Galvanometer, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, made by White & Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858
‘Visual glasses’ designed by Benjamin Martin
Horn and steel bow spectacles in red shagreen case (now faded). Designed by Benjamin Martin in 1756 and termed ‘Visual Glasses’. The distinctive thick-rimmed design and violet or green tinted lenses (which do not survive in this example) were ridiculed by some contemporaries but ultimately proved popular and were copied by other makers. Thus the maker of this pair is unknown. Martin used the glasses as his trademark; an image of them appears on his trade cards and receipts.
Hollerith 45 column horizontal electrical sorting machine, 1920-1930
Computing & Data Processing
Hollerith horizontal electrical sorting machine, no.7407, 45 column, invented by Herman Hollerith, and made by British Tabulating Machine Company Limited, Letchworth, Hertfordshire, England, 1920-1930
Hirtz's compass for locating bullets, Paris, France, 1915
Hirtz's compass for locating projectiles in the body, brass and steel compass, brass limbs, steel pointers, Gaiffe, maker, Paris, France, 1915
Model of the SS Oceanic (1899)
Model, scale 1:64, of the White Star Line Royal Mail Steamer "Oceanic" (1899), original built by Harland and Wolff Limited for the Oceanic Steam Navigation Company Limited. She was the last British transatlantic liner to be launched in the nineteenth century
Raytheon Model M-1601 console television receiver
The Donald Fleming Collection of North American television receivers: Raytheon Model M-1601 C-1602, 17" console television receiver, 1949. 'Washing Machine' (circular screen or 'porthole') Type Set. Very unusual looking set to Europeans used to oblong screens.
Empire type world clock for indicating time around the globe
'Empire' type world clock for indicating the time around the globe at various longitudes with accessories, unknown maker, France, 1909. Patented by Etienne de Gounevitch and Armand Gustave Couailett (British patent No. 23, 449, 1909), with brass winding key.
Improved Patent Magneto Electric Machine for nervous diseases
Improved Patent Magneto Electric Machine for nervous diseases, dynamo with steel magnet and brass and ebony terminals to apply to patient, all in polished wood case dated, unsigned, Europe, 1862
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator, with spare guide ring and fan, by Clarke, Chapman, Parsons & Co.,1884
Copy of the receiver and alarm call of Schilling's electric telegraph, 1870-1877
Copy of the receiver and alarm call of Schilling's electric telegraph, made by the British Telegraph Manufactory, London, England, 1870-1877. The original was made 1825-1830 by Baron P Schilling and was exhibited in the Loan Collection of Scientific Apparatus in 1876, lent by the Imperial Academy of Science St Petersburg, E.15 a to c - 1878. Vol.6 p.276, S.L.R.
Slide rule by Robert Bissaker
Slide rule made by Robert Bissaker in 1654, Radcliffe (now Wapping), London. Signed 'Robert Bissaker 1654 For T W'. It is the earliest-known dated straight slide rule.
Ornamental turning 'rose-engine' lathe
Hand and Machine Tools
Ornamental turning 'rose-engine' lathe, unsigned, Germany, c. 1740
Replica of Pascal's calculator
Replica made by E. Rognon, Paris of Blaise Pascal's first calculating machine, held by the Conservatoire National de Art et Metiers, Paris.
Cloth tape measure
Hand and Machine Tools
One flexible, cloth tape measure on reel with measurements in feet and inches one side and links on other, enclosed in leather case, made by John Rabone, Birmingham. Sold under the trade name of 'Hockley Abbey', the tape measure comes from a shipwright's tool chest dated to the 1850s.
Reis telephone transmitter, 1863
Reis telephone transmitter, made by J W Arnold, Frankfurt, Germany, 1863
replica of the satellite Telstar 1 from 1962, 1982
Full-scale replica of the Telstar 1 communications satellite original made by Bell Systems and launched in 1962, made by the Aeronautical and General Instruments Company, Croydon, England, 1982.
Culpeper microscope with boxfoot made by George Adams in 1738
Barograph clock by Alexander Cumming
Barograph clock made by Alexander Cumming (1731 or 1732-1814), London, England, 1766. It consists of a compensated pendulum regulator clock and a mercury barograph mechanism for measuring changes in air pressure, which are recorded on the circular paper chart around the outside of the dial. Two tubes of mercury are concealed in the fluted wooden columns visible inside the glass trunk door. An ivory cistern and a wood and ivory pen cage run in ivory rollers connecting the pressure-measuring mechanism to the recording dial. The clock is housed in an exuberant carved mahogany case believed to be by the esteemed cabinet-maker Thomas Chippendale. Originally used by Cumming himself, the barograph clock was purchased in around 1814 and used by manufacturing chemist and meteorologist, Luke Howard (1772-1864).
Wall mounted amusement arcade machine
Public Health & Hygiene
Amusement arcade machine, for wall mounting, with central targets marked either 'won' or 'lost', activated via penny (1d) slot and rewarded winning players with a cigarette payout, no maker indicated but probably made in UK, c. 1930-1940.
Thornton-Pickard Amber camera
Thornton-Pickard 'Amber' camera with three blockform double darkslides. Sold by Sands, Hunter & Co. Stand camera for 4 3/4 x 6 1/2 inch plates. Ensign Anastigmat lens, Series VIIN No 3, f/7.7-32, Serial No 171064. Thornton-Pickard roller blind Time & Inst shutter /15/40/90/T. Rack and pinion focusing on back and front, double extension. Swing back. Swing out focusing screen (glass missing). Reversible back. Pendulum and spirit levels. Sliding rising front. Serial No 7432F. With 3 blockform double darkslides.
Model of the Blue Star Line T.S. 'Arandora Star'
Whole model, scale 1:48, of the Blue Star Line twin-screw turbine steamer 'Arandora Star' (launched in 1927), probably by Cammel Laird and Co Ltd, Birkenhead, England, 1927-1946
Silver microscope by George Adams, c. 1761.
Silver ‘Universal Double Microscope’ with ornate decoration by George Adams the Elder, Fleet Street, London, c. 1763. The drawer in the base contains several accessories: an alternative eyepiece and eye cap, a stand for the jointed arm, three sets of objectives, talc discs for slides, a fishplate with a glass slide attached, three magnifiers, a pair of stage forceps, a live box, a pair of tweezers and a nosepiece.
Dividing engine for making sextants and octants
Made late 1700s, modified 1800s
Dividing engine for the manufacture of small scientific instruments such as sextants and octants, made in England, late eighteenth century with nineteenth-century modifications. The cast brass 37 5/8-inch dividing plate is supported on three rollers with a heavy cast metal frame on a large wooden tripod. The general design is similar to Jesse Ramsden’s original dividing engine. This engine was used c.1883-1953 by the firm A. J. Bennett and Co Ltd. (founded by Albert Josiah Bennett), Walworth Road, London, England.
Moon globe by John Russell;England;1797
Moon globe 12-inch in diameter on libration stand, by John Russell, R.A., London, England, 1797. Known as ‘Selenographia’, the globe shows the nearside of the Moon visible from Earth. It has a mechanical mounting which demonstrates lunar libration, and which also features a miniature terrestrial globe.
Longcase clock signed James Harrison, brother of John Harrison
Grasshopper escapement longcase clock in ebonised pine case by James Harrison, brother of John Harrison, Barrow-upon Humber, North Lincolnshire The 11 inch wooden dial is hand-painted with a silvered hour circle. Indications for seconds and day-of-month show through apertures. Within the door of the case is a window displaying an equation-of-time table in John Harrison’s hand. It is corrected for the change to the Gregorian Calendar in 1752. 8-day movement, plates and wheels of oak, roller pinions of lignum vitae and brass. Temperature compensated gridiron pendulum. Adjustable cycloid cheeks. Maintaining power. Signed in the arch of the dial 'Barrow, James Harrison' and 'James Harrison 3rd 1728 Barrow' on calendar wheel.
Whole model, full rigged, of ship of the line, H.M.S. 'Prince'
Contemporary whole rigged (rigged in Museum) model, scale 1:48, of English 1st rate ship of the line of 100/90 guns HMS 'Prince' (1670), showing hull construction method, designed by Peter Pett and made by Chatham Dockyard,
Fowke's Bellows camera
Camera with fittings etc, formerly the property of Captain Fowke Royal Engineers. Two ivory plaques: 'Capt Fowke's Camera, T. Ottewill & Co. London', 'Henry Cole Esq, In memory of Capt Fowke. R.E. 4th Dec 1868'.
The original Wimshurst electrostatic machine.
Electricity and Magnetism
Electrostatic influence machine, invented and made by James Wimshurst, England, United Kingdom, 1882
Model of the ‘Optimus’ water closet, England
Model of the 'Optimus' patent water closet, invented by Stevens Hellyer and made by Dent & Hellyer Limited, British, 1870
'Italian Navy' detector, 1899-1901
Carbon-mercury-iron semiconductor diode detector, of the type invented by J C Bose in 1899, modified version, unknown maker, 1899-1901. Known as the ‘Italian Navy coherer’, used by G Marconi in Newfoundland to receive the first wireless communication across the Atlantic, December 1901.
Marconi coherer and Admiralty pattern decoherer, 1900-1910
Marconi coherer and Admiralty pattern decoherer, unknown maker, British, 1900-1910
Spring clock in ebony case by Samuel Knibb
Spring table clock by Samuel Knibb in an ebony veneered oak case. The dial is 9 1/4 inch square, and engraved with spring flowers. 8-day fusee movement with verge escapement and short pendulum. Hour and half-hour count-wheel striking. Latched plates. Sparse engraving on backplate. Signed ‘Samuel Knibb Londini fecit.’ Westminster, c.1666.
Binocular stereoscopic camera
Binocular stereoscopic camera no. 12, made by John Benjamin Dancer, Manchester, c.1856 and probably owned by Joseph Sidebotham in the 1860s. Rear plate holder removeable. Focussed by turning milled nut on top. Fitted with a focal plate shutter as well as a front of lens shutter. Missing spirit level, brass plunger for changing plates and changing box.
Gower-Bell telephone, 1881
Gower-Bell telephone transmitter, Post Office pattern with porcelain mouthpiece, made by Scott and Wollaston, England, 1880
Thomson's Mirror Galvanometer, 1858
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's mirror galvanometer (land type) used at Valentia Island end of the original Atlantic cable, made by White and Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
United States Army Air Force camera
USAAF Aircraft camera, type K20 Serial No. AC-45-552, designed by Fairchild and manufactured by Folmer Graflex Corporation, Rochester, New York, United States, 1940-1945
Copy of Morton's inhaler
Copy of Morton's inhaler for ether anaesthesia, first used 16 October 1846, possibly English, 1870-1920
Sextant by Jesse Ramsden
Brass sextant by Jesse Ramsden, Piccadilly, London, 1770-75. Sextant has polished brass 120° scale (-2° to 136°) with 20’ divisions and brass vernier (30”), three index-filter shades (red & green), one horizon filter (red) and ‘Maskelyne flap’ for greater accuracy when taking a sight of the Sun or Moon. Fitted with threaded telescope bracket for sighting telescope (130mm –inverted image). The instrument has its original fitted mahogany keystone case.
Lantern clock by Peter Closon
Small weight-driven 30 hour lantern or 'house' clock with alarmwork by Peter Closon. The clock originally had a verge and balance-wheel escapement but was converted at some point to anchor and long pendulum. It would have had a twelve-hour duration. The dial is engraved with tulips with a steel hand, and is signed 'Peter Closon Neere Holburn Londini fecit'. c.1655
Cooke and Wheatstone’s double-needle telegraph, 1838
Cooke's and Wheatsone's two-needle telegraph, unknown maker, British, 1838.
Celestial globe by Willem Janszoon Blaeu
Celestial globe made by Willem Janszoon Blaeu, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1603.
Printing telegraph receiver, 1845-1851
Printing telegraph receiver, probably made by John Watkins Brett, London, England, 1845-1851. Used to transmit the first telegraphic message under the sea in 1851, from Dover to Cap Gris Nez by John Watkins Brett (1805-1863)
Watch by David Margotin with a Blois Enamelled Case
Watch in fine enamelled case by David Margotin, Paris, France . The exterior of the case is painted with an array of coloured spring flowers, the interior with a château beside a lake. The enamel dial is painted with a rural scene, The movement has a screwed on balance cock and ratchet wheel set-up and is signed ‘David Margotin, Paris’. c.1650.
Lord Kelvin's 'ironclad' marine galvanometer, 1865-1866
Electricity and Magnetism
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's 'Ironclad' marine galvanometer, made by James White, Glasgow, Scotland, 1865-1866. Used on board the 'Great Eastern' in the Atlantic Cable expedition of 1866.
'Smith-Clarke Senior' adult cabinet 'Iron Lung'
'Smith-Clarke Senior' adult cabinet respirator 'Iron Lung' designed by George Thomas Smith-Clarke and made by Cape Engineering Company Limited, Warwick, England, 1953
Scale Model Mail Coach with Horses and Figures
Mail coach with four horses and two figures in the livery of Portsmouth London Royal Mail, scale model displayed on wooden plinth.
Model of a 28 gun frigate
Model, scale 1:48, rigged, of a 28 gun frigate (c.1785), rigged by Science Museum, Workshops 1907, unsigned, England, 1770-1780. Actual ship designed by Sir John Williams, England, United Kingdom.
Felt and Tarrant Comptometer, 1887.
Comptometer, early form (wooden box), 72 keys numbered, plate on top of box engraved " Trade Comptometer mark, Patd. July 19th 1887, Oct 11th 1887, Jan 8th 1889, June 11th 1889, Nov 25th 1890, Dec 15th 1891, Felt & Tarrant Manufacturing Co., Chicago"
Trevithick's model road locomotive engine
Trevithick's original model road locomotive engine, unsigned, British, 1796-1802. This model is possibly constructed by either Richard Trevithick, or Whitehead & Co., of Manchester.