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Gower-Bell telephone, 1881
Gower-Bell telephone transmitter, Post Office pattern with porcelain mouthpiece, made by Scott and Wollaston, England, 1880
Ferranti Type F2K100 Electric Meter
Ferranti Ltd. type F2K100 electric meter.
Forth Bridge Railway Co. rivet from Forth Bridge
Rivet, Forth Bridge Railway Co. Iron rivet with round head, mounted on wood base, from Forth Bridge, 1888 (removed 1984). Overall: 60 mm x 122 mm x 70 mm; rivet: 83 mm 41 mm.
Box-type Camera Obscura
Box-type camera obscura, Focussing screen modern replacement, unsigned, British, 1795-1805
Pathé Kok 28mm projector
Home projector for 28mm safety film; claw inrtermittent; single sprocket wheel; hand turned; dynamo generated current for 6 volt electric lamp; with one reel of film. Composition rewind gear broken. Patent No 28714, 1903, DRP No 230675, OP No 47796 (with list of patents). Threaded with 310x32mm filmstrip entitled 'Jellyfish'. Trademark Pathe Ccokeel 'Kok' on back, No 3010. Transfer print on base.
Rigged model of the Turbine Screw Steamer "Londonderry"
Whole rigged model (scale 1.48) of the tripple turbine screw steamer the T.S. "Londonderry" (1904), with two funnels, two masts, four decks (including a shade deck) and eight life boats. Measures 708 mm x 2200 mm x 310 mm. Made by unknown maker, United Kingdom, 1904-1911.
Replica of Pascal's calculator
Replica made by E. Rognon, Paris of Blaise Pascal's first calculating machine, held by the Conservatoire National de Art et Metiers, Paris.
Edison Kinetophone (or Phonokinetoscope)
Edison Kinetophone (or Phonokinetoscope); Kinetoscope with cylinder phonograph, an early attempt at creating a sound-film system; early motion picture exhibition device, designed for films to be viewed individually through an aperture on the top of the cabinet.
Bell & Howell Filmo 70 C-2 16mm cine camera
Bell & Howell Filmo 70 C-2 automatic cinecamera for 16mm film, 100 foot reels. GB-Bell & Howell Super Comat lens, 20mm f/1.9-16. fitted (not original?). Helical focusing. With three lens turret. Direct vision optical finder. Original clockwork motor replaced by external 12v electric motor. Serial No17817.
Anglo-American Arab Platen Printing Machine, 1842-1880
Printing & Writing
Anglo-American Arab platen printing machine, for printing onto small sheets of paper. It is driven by either treadle or power, 1842-1880. Donated to the Patent Office Museum by Wade in 1881.
Albion Printing Press, 1838
Printing & Writing
Foolscap folio Albion Printing Press, 1838. Patented 1812.
This Lancashire boiler was made in Manchester by W & J Galloway & Sons Ltd in 1889. It was used by bedding manufacturers John Sawtell & Co, where the steam was used to curl feathers for stuffing pillows. Lancashire boilers were often used to power steam engines, but could be used for any task where steam was required. The Lancashire boiler was developed by William Fairbairn in 1844, in an attempt to create a boiler where as much heat as possible from the fire was transferred to the water, and not lost. Two furnace tubes run through the boiler, where the fires would be stoked, and these were surrounded with water for maximum heat transfer. Manchester firm Galloways, who made this boiler, made their boilers even more efficient by adding extra tubes which crossed the furnace tubes to allow more heat transfer. A typical Lancashire boiler would consume six tons of coal per day. Water levels had to be carefully maintained, otherwise the pressure would get too high and cause an explosion.
"Morgan Lee" Paper Trimmer
A "Morgan Lee" paper trimmer; accompanied by an advert for the item.
Lenoir's gas engine, 1860
Heat Engines (non steam)
Two-stroke double-acting single cylinder gas engine, patented by Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir, France, 1860, and made by Reading Iron Works Limited, Reading, Berkshire, England, 1865. The first internal-combustion engine to be offered for sale, in 1860, Lenoir's engine was an ancestor of the engines in all road vehicles. The engine worked very like a simple double-acting steam-engine. At each stroke gas and air were drawn into the cylinder and fired by an electric spark; on the return stroke the burnt gases were flushed out. Several hundred of these engines were sold, and this one is a very rare survivor. It had been used to drive machinery in the workshop of the Patent Museum for about three years.
Massey's patent ships' log
Massey's patent log consisting of two parts connected by rope, the rotator (or fly) with brass fins and an engraved brass recorder, patented and made by Edward Massey, London, England, 1854-1857
Firgrove Mill Steam Engine
Firgrove Mill tandem compound condensing engine, made by J. & W. McNaught, Rochdale, 1907. From 1907 to 1970, this engine drove the R. Barnes & Co. Firgrove Mill in Rochdale, which produced flannelette, also known as brushed cotton, a soft and fluffy cotton fabric most often used for bedding and children's clothes. Archive material relating to the engine is catalogued in Adlib.
Beyer-Garratt South African Railways Locomotive
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Beyer-Garratt articulated steam locomotive, Class GL, made by Beyer, Peacock & Co. Ltd, Manchester, 1929 and used by South African Railways as locomotive no. 2352.
Whole model of H.M. first class battleship 'Lord Nelson'
Whole model, scale 1:48, of twin-screw H.M. first class battleship 'Lord Nelson' (built 1906-1908) in glazed mahogany case, with six legged mahogany table (see note). Made by Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Co., Jarrow, South Tyneside, Tyne and Wear, England, United Kingdom, 1906-1910.
Marey's Camera for Chronophotography
Camera for chronophotography on a fixed plate invented by Étienne-Jules Marey, about 1882.
Jig boring machine
Printing & Writing
Jig boring machine, model type MP-3K, Plant No.3069, by Societe Genevoise d’instrument de Physique, Geneva, Switzerland, 1960-1970. Part of the equipment used in the production system for Monotype matrices.
Animatograph camera by Robert Paul
Early kinematographic apparatus:-one small animatograph camera, including film counter, by R. W. Paul, c.1902.
Polyfoto camera, made by Kodak Limited. For 48 successive exposures on 1/2" plates.The photographer turned a crank handle on the side of the camera, which moved the photographic plate and made the exposure automatically.
Rutherford maximum and minimum thermometer, 1794
Rutherford type maximum and minimum thermometer, by Lake & Son, Taunton, Somerset, England, 1794
Crossley Type IHD4 Diesel Engine
Four-stroke diesel engine, Type IHD4, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1960. Used at the Tameside Collecge of Technology for testing different engine loads.
Sterling spark transmitter and key for use on aircraft, c.1915
Sterling spark transmitter and key, by W/T factory, W.D. Southgate, British, c.1915. Used in very early aircraft wireless during the First World War. The Sterling tuned spark gap wireless transmitter operated on the frequency range of 100-260 metres. The transmitter's output of 30-40 Watts fed to the 120 feet of trailing aerial gave it an operating range of 8-10 miles. The set was usually mounted on a tray on the side of the aircraft fuselage. The trailing aerial of stranded copper wire with a 3Ib weight on the end was spooled out either from the side of aircraft fuselage alongside the wireless set or through an insulated gland in the floor.
Model of Huygens' Pendulum Clock, as Illustrated in his 'Horologium' of 1658.
Reconstruction of Huygens' pendulum timepiece of 1658, with pendulum, 2 weights and 2 pulleys. Illustrated in the 'Horologium' in 1658, it is controlled by a pendulum and driven by a weight.
The Luzo camera no. 17328. Box camera for rollfilm 3 1/2 inches wide, 4x3 inches. Fixed aperture rapid rectilinear lens. External sector shutter, three spring positions. Brilliant reflecting finder. Red window with pivoted cover. Patent no 1125. In leather ever-ready case. C1896. Overall: 112 mm x 166 mm x 125 mm.
Pakistan Railways steam locomotive
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Pakistan Railways steam locomotive, no. 3157, made at the Vulcan Foundry, Newton-le-Willows, c. 1911, with accompanying illustrative transfers.
'Manchester' dynamo, around 1886.
Green-painted ‘Manchester’ dynamo generator. Made in Salford by Mather & Platt Ltd in Salford in 1886.
Kinemacolor cine camera made by Moy and Bastie to Charles Urban's design
Kinemacolor camera built by Moy & Bastie in 1909 to specification of Charles Urban and G A Smith (crank handle and screws missing). Ross Xpress Patent lens 1:4.5, Serial No 85973.
Circumcision knife, with flat blade decorated with filigree pattern and two-part ornate ivory handle, from Florence, Italy, 1701-1890
Original Vickers Marine Gas Turbine
Original Vickers marine gas turbine engine frmo the triple-screw motor-gun boat the '2009' (1947), powered by a nine stage axial-flow compressor and fitted with radio interference compressors, by Metropolitan Vickers Electrical Co. Ltd., Manchester, 1947
Replica of the Parsons experimental "Turbinia" model
Replica of a six-foot experimental model for testing turbine machinery in the TY Turbinia (1894), with winding rubber shaft to drive propeller, original designed by Charles A. Parsons, by Science Museum Workshops, London
Telephone relay, used by the General Post Office, and made by Siemens Brothers.
Ensign Selfix 12-20 Camera
Selfix 12-20 camera, made by Barnet Ross Ensign Ltd. Includes leather case and instruction leaflet.
Mechanical tilting bucket rain-gauge, 1890
Mechanical Dial rain gauge, zero setting, tipping-bucket type, by Negretti & Zambra, Holborn Circus & Viaduct, 45 Cornhill, London, 1890. Square receiver with collecting area of 64 square inches.
European celestial globe
Celestial globe (42-inch diameter) on wooden pillar stand by Charles Delagrave, Paris, France, 1878. Thought to be a 19th century copy of a globe by Vincenzo Coronelli, a Venetian map maker and geographer. Cartouche is signed as being delineated by Arnold Deuvez and engraved by J. B. Nolin, 1693. Globe gores may be 18th or 19th century copies.
Ford Model T car
Ford Model T motor car, assembled at the Ford Trafford Park production line, Manchester, 1912.
Astronomical Watch by George Margetts, 1750-1810
Astronomical watch by George Margetts No.3043 in pair case, 1750-1810
Punch Side-wall Grinder
Printing & Writing
Matrix punch side-wall grinding machine, Plant No.1887, made by The Monotype Corporation Ltd., Salford, Redhill, Surrey, England, 1953. Part of the equipment used in the production system for Monotype matrices.
Radial Flow Parson's Turbine Engines
Original radial flow Parson's turbine engines, part sectioned, originally fitted to the experimental yacht 'Turbinia' (fitted in 1894 and removed in 1896), by Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Company Limited, Wallsend, Tyne and Wear, England, 1894
Pill cutter, Europe, 1801-1900
Pill machine for making up to 30 pills by hand, probably 19th century
Model of 90-gun, 2nd-rate, man-of-war naval vessel, built to the 1706 Establishment
Contemporary model, scale 1:70, of 90-gun, 2nd-rate, man-of-war naval vessel, unrigged, built to the 1706 Establishment (naval specification), unsigned, English, 1706-1730. The model formerly belonged to Daniel Finch (1647-1730), First Lord of the British Admiralty (1681-4).
Gordon Dobson’s original ozone spectrograph
Spectrograph designed by Gordon M. B. Dobson in 1924 and used by him at his home laboratory in Boars Hill, Oxfordshire for the measurement of atmospheric ozone. The instrument detected ultraviolet (UV) light reaching Earth’s surface from the Sun. Because ozone in the stratosphere absorbs UV wavelengths, UV intensity indicates ozone concentrations. The instrument used a chlorine and bromine vapour filter to absorb visible light. A Féry prism and optical wedge produced a spectrum on a photographic plate. The intensity of spectral lines at ozone-absorbing UV wavelengths was measured relative to a reference wavelength unaffected by ozone.
Williamson Cinematograph Camera
Williamson cinematograph camera. Manufactured by The Williamson Kinematograph Co. Ltd., London and Brighton. 'English Pattern' upright cine camera for 35mm film in internal 300 foot magazines. Zeiss Tessar lens F:5cm f/3.5, Serial No 116208; fixed sector shutter; claw mechanism, two continuous sprockets. Helical focusing mount. Critical focusing through rear of gate; Vinten matte celluloid focusing screen and circle and binocular mattes in clip inside door. Footage counter (pointer missing) shoe fitting for viewfinder; carrying strap broken. Hand turned; single frame shaft. (Handle inside).A Vinten matte celluloid focusing screen (and circular and binocular mattes) are in the clip inside the door.
Ensign Optiscope Number 6 projector
Ensign Optiscope No 6 lantern slide projector. For 3 1/4 x 3 1/4 inch slides. Aldis Uno projection lens F:10 inch; all metal; bellows lens extensions, with two wooden slide carriers (stamped RRD). This is a projector for 3 1/4 inch square slides. It has an Aldis Uno 10" projection lens mounted in a panel on two rods and with bellows that can be extended. The lamphouse has an ES bulb holder, secured by a wing screw underneath its base. The projector comes with two wooden slide carriers. The projector can be pivited on the base and secured by means of the chrome lever. Power is controlled with an on/off switch on the base.
Kineoptoscope projector mechanism
Riley 'Kineoptoscope' projector mechanism, (1896). Designed by Cecil Wray of the Bradford magic lantern manufacturers, Riley Brothers. Wray's Patent Number 119. Handle turns double-toothed claw mechanism engaging perforations on the film and advancing it one frame for each downward stroke.
Universal Special Pattern B camera
Newman & Guardia Universal Special Pattern box-form plate camera for 3 1/4 x 4 1/4 inch plates. Serial No SB494. Fitted with an Anastigmat lens F:285mm f/12.5-45, convertible. Newman & Guardia shutter 2/4/8/16/32/64/100. Sliding rising and cross front. Rack and pinion focusing, double extension. Two reflecting finders, with hoods and frames for alternative focal length. Two pairs of spirit levels. Bag type plate changer. Ground glass focusing screen. Newman and Guardia. Overall (deployed): 160 mm x 135 mm x 335 mm.