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Crick and Watson's DNA molecular model
Reconstruction of the double helix model of DNA, using some of the original metal plates, by Francis Crick and James Watson, England, 1953
Sokol space suit
British astronaut, Helen Sharman's Sokol spacesuit made by Zvezda. Sharman wore this rescue suit during the space flight on board the SOYUZ-TM-12 and MIR spacecraft in May 1991. Space suit model number KV-2 No. 167.
Packet of 10 'Gold Flake' cigarettes
Packet of 10 'Gold Flake' cigarettes by W D & HO Wills, England, 1920-1950
Napier's Bones, c.1690.
Set of Napier's rods in boxwood case John Napier, the inventor of logarithms, also invented this aid to calculation known as 'Napier's Bones' in 1617. The 'bones' consist of a set of rectangular rods, each marked with a counting number at the top, and the multiples of that number down their lengths. When aligned against the row of multiples as shown, any multiple of the top number can be read off from right to left by adding the digits in each parallelogram in the appropriate row. Multiplication is thus reduced to addition.
Babbage's Analytical Engine, 1834-1871. (Trial model)
Computing & Data Processing
Analytical engine constructed by the late Chas. Babbage, F.R.S., (this was not put together when received and there are still many pieces, moulds etc. received in 1878, on exhibition in the gallery) Charles Babbage's calculating engines are among the most celebrated icons in the prehistory of computing. His Difference Engine No. 1 was the first successful automatic calculator and remains one of the finest examples of precision engineering of the time. The portion shown was assembled in 1832 by Babbage's engineer, Joseph Clement. It consists of about 2000 parts and represents one-seventh of the complete engine. This 'finished portion of the unfinished engine' was demonstrated to some acclaim by Babbage, and functions impeccably to this day. The engine was never completed and most of the 12 000 parts manufactured were later melted for scrap.
Arkwright's water frame, 1775.
Improved spinning machine (water frame), by Sir Richard Arkwright, England, 1775.
'Jason I', de Havilland DH.60G Gipsy Moth
De Havilland Gipsy moth Aeroplane 'Jason I', by De Havilland Aircraft Company, Brent, Greater London, United Kingdom, 1928. Used on historic flight of Miss Amy Johnson to Australia, May 1930, DH.60G, G-AAAH
'Build a Better Burger' game
Nutrition & Food Technology
Game, 'Build a Better Burger' game for 2-4 players ages 5 and over, marked 'All the action of a real fast food restaurant!', players compete to be the first to assemble a meal according to the menu card they select, made by Action Games and Toys Ltd, Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, under license from Lakeside Games (a division of Leisure Dynamic Inc, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA), 1984-1986.
Pair of prosthetic limbs, for Thalidomide affected 9-year old child
Pair of prosthetic limbs made for a child, Tracey Baynam, aged 9 years, affected by thalidomide, made by J E Hanger, United Kingdom, May 1971
'Puffing Billy' locomotive
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Locomotive 'Puffing Billy'. Driving wheel diameter 3 feet 3 inches; cylinders 9 inches x 36 inches; working pressure 50lb; weight approximately 8 tons, exclusive of tender.
Rotative steam engine by Boulton and Watt, 1788.
Boulton and Watt Rotative Beam Engine - the 'Lap' engine. This is the oldest essentially unaltered rotative engine in the world. Built by James Watt in 1788, it incorporates all of his most important steam-engine improvements. The engine was used at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham, where it drove 43 metal polishing (or ‘lapping’) machines for 70 years.
Apollo 11, Lunar Module 'Eagle', 1969.
Replica Apollo 11 lunar excursion module
Philips TCD308 mobile telephone, 1997-2001
Philips Cellnet 'Diga' TCD308 mobile phone, made by Philips, France, 1997. CN: VYP09902E04442
Philips 'Savvy' mobile telephone, 1999-2003
Philips "Savvy" (TCD128) mobile phone, manufactured by Philips, France, 1999-2003
Rover 'Safety' bicycle, 1885
Rover safety bicycle of 1885. (First embodiment of the modern arrangement.) (Saddle re-made by Brooks in 1961).
Soyuz TMA-19M descent module, S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Public Corporation “Energia”
Soyuz TMA-19M descent module, S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Public Corporation “Energia”, Russia, 2015
Bush TV22 Television Receiver, 1945-1955
Bush TV22 9 inch television receiver, made by Bush Radio Limited, England, 1945-1955. With band III convertor, 1957
Packet of 20 Death cigarettes, London, England, 1999
Packet of 20 Death cigarettes, labelled: 'Manufacturer's advice: Cigarettes are addictive and debilitating. If you don't smoke, don't start. Death is a responsible way to market a legally available consumer product which kills people when used exactly as intended. Death cigarettes: For an honest smoke', made in the EC under the authority of The Enlightened Tobacco Company Plc, London, c.1999.
Coalbrookdale by Night
Philippe-Jacques de Loutherbourg
Coalbrookdale by Night by Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg, 1801. Oil on canvas in gilt frame. Signed and dated bottom right. Exhibited as 'A View of Colebrook Dale by night' at the Royal Academy London in 1801. It shows the Bedlam furnaces at Coalbrookdale in Shropshire, with flames and smoke billowing from the centre of the picture. The picturesque gorge landscape to either side is lit by moonlight, and figures hurry in the foreground to transport raw materials and iron pigs.
Apollo 10 command module, call sign 'Charlie Brown'
Apollo 10 command module, call sign 'Charlie Brown', by North American Rockwell Corporation, Downey, Los Angeles county, California, United States, American, 1969. Apollo 10, carrying astronauts Thomas Stafford, John Young and Eugene Cernan, was launched in May 1969 on a lunar orbital mission as the dress rehearsal for the actual Apollo 11 landing. Stafford and Cernan descended in the Lunar Module to within 14 kilometres of the surface of the Moon, the closest approach until Neil Armstrong and Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin in Apollo 11 landed on the surface two months later.
Packet of 'De Reszke Minors' cigarettes
Packet of 'De Reszke' minors cigarettes by J Millhoff & Co. Ltd., Picadilly, London, 1920-1950
Difference Engine No 1
Computing & Data Processing
Portion of Babbage's calculating machine (Difference Engine No.1)
Triumph Palm Beach, gent's bicycle, 23" frame, 196
Triumph Palm Beach, gent's bicycle, 23" frame, 1964.
NeXT cube computer, 1990
"NeXTcube," a NeXT computer, including screen, keyboard and mouse, made by NeXT, Redwood CIty, California, United States, 1990. Used by Tim Berners-Lee to design the World Wide Web, at CERN, 1990.
Packet of Craven 'A' cigarettes
Packet of Craven 'A' cigarettes by Carreras Ltd, Arcadia Works, London, England, 1920-1950
Tracy, a transgenic sheep
Tracy, a transgenic ewe. Genetically modified to produce a human protein (alpha antitrypsin) in her milk, 1990-97.
Sectioned conjectural model of 'Rocket' steam locomotive
sectioned conjectural model, scale 1:8, Liverpool & Manchester Railway 0-2-2 locomotive " Rocket", 1829.
Liquid-filled plastic lens television magnifier, 1935-1965
'Standlens' liquid-filled plastic lens for magnifying a television picture, mounted on adjustable wooden stand, probably made by Lumex, probably British, 1935-1965
Cat-o-nine tails, United Kingdom, 1700-1850
Cat o'nine tails, whip-cord with wooden handle, reputedly British Navy, 1700-1850
Print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of a Newcomen Engine
Framed print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of the Newcomen Engine at Griff, 1717, Henry Beighton, England, 1717-1725. This engraving (the original of which was discovered in Worcester College, Oxford, in 1925) is the oldest known illustration of a Newcomen engine.
Packet of ten 'Abdulla' cigarettes
Packet of 10 cigarettes by Abdulla & Co. Ltd., 173 New Bond Street, London, England, 1920-1950
Packet of 20 Marlboro Lights, Filter Cigarettes, k
Packet of 20 Marlboro Lights, Filter Cigarettes, king size, in a soft packet, made for Marlboro in the EU under authority of Philip Morris Products Inc., Richmond, VA, USA, 1999.
Personal Computer, model Apple I
Computing & Data Processing
Personal Computer, model Apple I, devised by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs and Ron Wayne, and made by Apple Inc, United States, 1976-1979.
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator with spare guide ring and fan 1884
Ethnography and Folk Medicine
Dried merman, possibly Dutch or Japanese, possibly a Javanese ritual figure, possibly 1850-1900.
Short Magazine Mark III Lee Enfield .303 rifle (deactivated)
Public Health & Hygiene
Short Magazine Mark III Lee Enfield bolt action rifle (deactivated), used in First World War, barrell length 731 mm / 28.7 in and calibre 7.65 mm / .303 in, by Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited, United Kingdom, 1917
Three-ring Enigma cypher machine in oak wood transit case
Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in oak wood transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number A6421/1937), unsigned, Germany, 1934 (see Note)
Dental pelican for tooth pulling
Dental pelican, double ended, with 2 claws, steel, European, 1701-1800
Cloth tape measure
Hand and Machine Tools
One flexible, cloth tape measure on reel with measurements in feet and inches one side and links on other, enclosed in leather case, made by John Rabone, Birmingham. Sold under the trade name of 'Hockley Abbey', the tape measure comes from a shipwright's tool chest dated to the 1850s.
Sony 'Trinitron' colour television, 1969-1970
Sony 'Trinitron' colour television set, model type KV-1320UB, manufactured by Sony, Japan, 1969-1970. Serial No. 505704
Builder's whole, rigged model, of SS 'Great Eastern', 1853-1857
Builder's whole, rigged model, scale 1:96, of SS 'Great Eastern' by John Scott Russell and Company, Millwall, London, England, 1853-1857
Bosch 509e mobile telephone, 1999-2003
Bosch 509e mobile phone, sold for exclusive use on the Orange network, manufactured by Bosch, Denmark, 1999-2003
Samsung microwave oven, 1990s
Microwave oven, by Samsung, type 'Primo M6234', 1990s.
Machine used for covering wires with silk and cotton, 1837
Machine used for covering wires with silk and cotton for electrical purposes, made by W T Henley, Whitechapel, London, England, 1837
'Over London-by Rail', engraving, London, England, 1872
Wood engraving from 'London: a pilgrimage', by Gustave Dore, 1872. Signed in the block blc: Over London - by Rail. Depicting [East End] tenements, washing in back gardens, chimney pots, railway in distance.
Louis Pasteur’s compound microscope
Compound monocular microscope used by Louis Pasteur
Foucault Pendulum for demonstrating the Earth's rotation
Foucault pendulum designed by A.B. Pippard and built at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, including suspension, sustaining mechanism and bob