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Explore the technological development of motion pictures though our internationally significant cinematography collection. Discover pre-cinematic optical toys, the history of film advertising, and filmmaking technology used by both professionals and amateurs
Main part of Edison Kinetoscope. Invented by Edison's British employee, William Kennedy Laurie Dickson (1860 - 1935), this was the first device to show moving pictures. Painted in white on left side 'Dept II No 584'. Brass plaque on upper front inscribed 'No 509 / Edison Kinetoscope / Manufactured by Edison Mfg Co Orange / NJ USA'.
35mm Lumiere Cinematographe camera/printer/projector, serial number 254, with brass taking and projection lenses with Lumière thread, crank handle. Claw mechanism designed for Edison perforations, c.1896.
Gaumont-Kalee GK21 35mm cinema projector
Gaumont-Kalee GK21 35mm cinema film projector with President lamphouse, made in Leeds, 1948-1958. Type 83. Manufactured by BAF Ltd London Ser No 653.
Eumig P8 8mm silent cine projector
Eumig P8 cine projector for 8mm film, up to 400 foot capacity. Eumig Eupronar coated projection lens F: 20mm f/1.4. Two sprockets and claw drive. Electric motor, slider speed control. On-off switch. Framing control. 12 volt, 100 watt A1/186 lamp, single contact bayonet cap. Reflector condenser system. Two flat pin input socket. Mains voltage adjuster. Hand rewind. Spool arms fold away inside body. Serial no. 963761. This was Eumig's most popular projector. Between 1954 and 1969, 1.3 million examples of this model were manufactured.
Single-lens Cine Camera by Louis Le Prince
Single-lens cinematograph camera, made by Louis Le Prince at Leeds in 1888.
Kodak Brownie 8 8mm movie camera
Brownie Movie 8 camera. Brownie 8 8mm movie camera f/2.7, made by the Eastman Kodak Company in the United States, c. 1960. Serial Number 0283.
Paillard-Bolex B8 8mm cine camera
Paillard-Bolex B8 cinecamera. Made in Switzerland. Standard 8mm. Yvar lens F:13mm f/1.9, No. 548378, and Kinotel lens F:38mm f/1.9, No. 2094, in two lens turret. Clockwork drive 8-64 fps. Totaly closing adjustable shutter. No. 616799.
Kodak Brownie 500 cine projector
For 8mm silent film; Kodak projection Ektanar lens F:3/4", f/1.6. Auto threading still/reverse/forward, lamp motor, eleveation, framing controls. Integral case. 110v 60 cps.
Kodak Automatic 8 Movie Camera and carton box
Kodak automatic 8 camera and carton packaging, 1962. For 8mm film, 25' double run; Kodak Ektanar lens F:13mm f/1.6. Auto exposure, direct setting of aperture by photocell. Clockwork drive; DV optical finder, low light signal. In original packing with instructions. Lens: 13mm Kodak 'Ektanar' Lens f/1.6, the lens is limited to a maximum aperture of f/1.9 due to the requirements of the automatic exposure control. Viewfinder: of the telescopic type, incorporating two moulded lenses housed in the top of the case. It includes a zone type low-light indicator. The front finder lens has a parallax correction mark for close-ups from 3-5ft. Finish: the general finish of the camera is a light grey case, front plate and shutter housing with dark blue/grey side panels.
Arriflex 2C 35mm cine camera
35mm Arriflex IIC cine camera; body number C8587, wild motor number VR661949, constant speed mains synch motor, 24fps, plus parts, number 1867, bellow matte box (400ft magazine on camera), etched ground glasses, swan neck, cables for different motors. On fixed mount, with power cable. Serial Nunber 3452. Fitted with three lenses; Taylor Hobson 50mm lens, Serial No 516420; 75mm Speed Panchro lens, f2; Schneider-Kreuznach Xenon lens 1:2/28, Serial Number 3087691.
Kodak Brownie Turret Movie Camera
Kodak Brownie Turret Movie Camera. Movie camera for double run 8mm film, 25' load. No 1796118. Fitted with a Cine Ekatanon lens F:13mm f/1.9. Cine Ektanon lens Telephoto F:24mm f/1.9. Cine fixed aperture at 1.2 stop intervals to f/16. Depth of field scales engraved on lens barrels. Optical frame finder, folding colour coded indicator of lens fields on front lens, sliding parallax adjustment on rear lens. Clockwork motor, approx 50 secs running per wind. Rotating footage indicator. Sprocketless claw drive. Continuous lock on exposure button. Provision for exposure guide card. Eastman Kodak Co, 1958-1959.
Bell & Howell Autoset 624EE 8mm Cine Camera
Bell & Howell Autoset 624EE camera. Double run 8mm cine camera. Super Comat lens F:10mm f/1.9. Auto or manual aperture setting. Clockwork drive. Single frame/continuous run. No. D33146.
Chronophotographe double-use camera
Etienne Jules Marey's Chrono-photographic camera, without lens (B3030), 1890.
Paillard Bolex H16 16mm Cine Camera
Paillard-Bolex H16 cine camera with fitted case, instructions and pistol grip. It has a three lens turret; Kern Yvar F=16mm f/1:2.8, Serial No 154788; Kern Switar F=25mm f/1.4, Serial No 156462; Kern Yvar F=75mm f/1:2.8 lenses, Serial No 150601; all three lens by Kern-Paillard, Switzerland. Clockwork-driven camera for 16mm film on 100 foot spools; claw intermittent and two continuous sprockets. It can be run at 8, 16, 24, 32 and 64 frames per second. Single frame and over frame exposure facility and time and instantaneous exposures. The camera has a back-wind facility (for double exposures/fades, etc). The direct vision optical finder is mounted at the top of the camera, with a critical reflex focusser situated behind the top lens on the turret.
Fujica Single 8 P1 camera
8mm cine camera, Fujica Single-8 P1 camera. Uses Fuji proprietary Super 8 film cassettes. Fujinon 1.8 / 11.5mm lens. Made by Fuji Photo Optical Co. Ltd., between 1965 and 1977. Cine camera for Single 8 film cartridges; Fujinon F:11.5mm f/1.8 lens. Direct vision optical finder with exposure indication; auto exposure electric motor drive; pistol grip. No 435857.
Glass copy negative of Roundhay Garden Scene
Single large glass copy negative of Louis Le Prince's footage, Roundhay Garden Scene, shot in October 1888. This copy negative was made by the Science Museum in the 1930s from the original paper negatives created by Le Prince.
Cine-Kodak Magazine 8 camera
The Cine-Kodak Magazine 8 Camera made by Kodak in the United States in 1946. In presentation case. f/1.9 Kodak Anastigmat lens.
Kodak Kodascope Model B 16mm projector
Kodascope Model B projector. For 16mm silent film, self threading. Fitted with an anastigmat projection lens F: 2 inches. Helical focusing in sliding mount. Single continuous sprocket, claw intermittent. Mirror and condenser lens system lights gate at right angle to lamp. 50v 250w A1 prefocus lamp. Framing control on lens mount. Rheostat controls for lamp and motor fitted ammeter 1-5A. Threading light. Power rewind. Screw elevation. Automatic threading onto take up reel through adjustable film guides. On-off and forward-reverse switches. No. K 11025. Eastman Kodak. 1928
System 2000 video recorder
System 2000 video recorder made by Grundig, Federal Republic of Germany, c.1980
Instamatic M4 Movie Camera
Instamatic M4 Movie Camera, 1965-1967. Movie camera for Super 8 film in cartridges. Kodak Ektanar lens F:13, f/1.8, coated. Wratten 85 'Daylight' filter before lens, removed by inserting key provided or movie light fitting. Electric drive, 4 AAA batteries required. Mercury cell to power automatic exposure system. Low light indicator in viewfinder. Continuous runing lock on release. Rotary footage counter. No DO4910.
Éclair Cameflex CM3 35mm camera
Cameflex 35mm cine camera No 614, with 400' magazine, six lenses and various filters in a fitted box, matt box, along with a portapower battery. Cameflex Standard (CM3) 35mm film camera, manufactured by Etablissement Eclair in 1946.
Éclair NPR 16mm cine camera
Eclair 16 NPR cine camera. 16mm Eclair camera body, camera No CJ77, Serial Number 3779; with Perfectone Compact motor attached, Serial Number 7691; 400 foot film magazine CJ80; eyepiece right angle viewfinder Serial Number 1209; Angenieux 12-120 zoom lens Type 10x12B 12mm f/12, by P Angenieux, Paris, Serial No 141235, with on-board fluid attachment; Cooke Kinetal 9mm f/1.9 wide angle lens, Serial Number 747284, by Taylor, Taylor & Hobson; 25mm Bell & Howell Angenieux fast lens Serial Number 1307829; Tiffen professional lens shade/filter holder, No 1 Diopter, No 85 filter, zoom bars, fuses. Finder Serial No 1209, lens Serial No 1412315, collar No 12A, A Chroszle, Munich, Serial No 3742.
Kodak Ektasound 130 Super 8 camera
Kodak Ektasound 130 Super 8 cine camera. For Super 8 film in sound cartridges. Kodak Ektar lens F;9mm f/1.2. Automatic exposure; DV optical finder. Magnetic sound recording facility on striped film. No 015347. In original carton with Kodak directional microphone and wriststrap (carton not seen 2011). bought in a camera shop in 1976 for £64.07. The Kodak Ektasound 130 was the first camera designed to record sound simultaneously with picture onto magnetically-striped Super 8 Ektachrome film.
Paillard-Bolex H8 8mm cine camera
Paillard Bolex H8 cine camera. Cine camera for double run 8mm film, 100 foot spools. Three lens turret; Meyer-Gorlitz Kino Plasmat lens F:12.5mm f/1.5-11. No 782189. Dallmeyer 25mm lens f/1.9-16 No 206500. Dallmeyer F:1 1/2 inch f/1.9-16 lens, No 213206. Clockwork motor drive; claw intermittent, two continuous sprockets. 8,16, 24, 32, 64 fpr. Back wind handle; optional hand turning. Single/ over frame facility, T/I exposires. Rotary frame counter, Direct vision optical finder, parallax compensation, hinged auxiliary lenses for telephoto lenses. Critical focuser, reflex type for top lens on turret. No 10630.
35mm cine projector
Hand-driven No. 6 cameragraph 35mm cine projector made by N. Power Co. Inc., New York, 1906, and used by Mr Charles Leon Gould. Embossed on shutter: "N. Power Co. Inc. New York. No1 lens shutter". Embossed above lens barrel: "Power's Cameragraph". Stamped below lens barrel: "Power's No 6 Cameragraph No. 30065 Nov, 1, 1904. July 17, 1906.". Stamped on rear of projector: "I. P. Corp. Power's New York"
Pathe Webo Super 16 Camera
Pathe Webo Super 16 camera. Triple barrel lens assembly; Berthiot Tele-cinor F:75mm f/1.3, Serial No 1040992; Actina 2.5mm; 29.5mm lens. This camera takes 16mm film in 50' or 100' daylight-loading spools. Clockwork-driven, it can be run at 8, 16,24, 32, 63 and 80 frames/second. It has a singe central sprocket drive and claw intermittent. The starting knob has four positions: for lock, continuous run, single picture and time exposure (via a cable release). The camera has a rewind handle and an accurate frame counter. It has totally-closing variable shutter, controlled by the lever at the front of the camera. It has a direct-vision optical finder and a reflex finder. The turret is fitted with three C mount lenses: an f/1.9 25mm Som Berthiot Cinor B; an f/1.3.5 75mm Som Berthiot Cinor B and an f/2.2 12.5mm Angenieux Type R4, all with Wratten 85 filters.
Bell and Howell 2709 Model B 35mm cine camera
Bell & Howell 2709 cine camera, Model B. Standard Cinemachinery 35mm cine camera. With 4 lens turret, (original lenses are missing (fitted with lens Astro lens 1990-5036/3197). Gate and claw intermittent mechanism missing. Single sprocket. External magazines (2) 400 foot. Hand turned (handle missing), 8 and 1 frame shafts. Variable shutter 170 - 0 degrees. Preset or operated continuously by lever and gear attachment (missing). Rotary footage counter. Critical focuser. Ground glass insert behind turret, opposite taking lens. Thin slot for masks before gate. Shoe for viewfinder. Patents Sept 17 1912 and Feb 13 1917, no 5687. Serial No 932. Originally sold to the Ruby Camera Exchange in New York on 31 August 1929. Has ultra speed movement number 282 in it, which usually meant it was to be used for some kind of instrumentation as it would shoot slow motion images.
Keystone Model A-12 Cine Camera
Keystone Model A12 16mm cine camera. Clockwork-driven with running speeds of 10 (low), 16 (normal), 24 (sound) and 64 frames/second (slow motion), together with three 'intermediate' speeds. It can also take single frames. The button can be locked into its 'on' position. The camera takes 100 foot daylight-loading spools of 16mm film and has a double sprocket drive. The twin-lens turret has a f/2.5 Keystone Wollensak 1 inch Cine Raptar lens and a Dallmeyer 3 inch f/3.5 telephoto lens, in interchangeable C mounts. Each has an optical sight for the direct vision optical viewfinder that is brought into place as the turret is turned. On the side is an exposre calculator. Serial No J-3430. Keystone, Boston, Mass. With leather camera case and instruction manual dated June 1949, 44pp.
Examples of Trank Travelling Matte process
35mm film frames - examples of the test shots for the Rank Travelling matte process.
Sixteen lens cine camera by Louis Le Prince
Sixteen lens cinematographic camera, made by Louis Le Prince in Paris in 1887 (with electrical connections)
Javanese shadow puppet of Arjuna
Javanese shadow puppet or Wayang Kulit puppet depicting Arjuna; gilded; painted; perforated leather with split bamboo support; operating rods. This puppet depicts Arjuna, the third of the Pandawa (Pandava) brothers from the Hindu epic, The Mahabharata.
Demeny-Gaumont chronophotograph camera/projector
Demeny-Gaumont chronophotograph camera/projector, c 1898. Serial No 1292. L Gaumont et cie, Paris. Cine camera and projector for 35mm film, Edison perforation; eccentrically mounted beater; two continuous prockets. Provision for frame, by moving gate; adjustable sector shutter; lens missing; external 400 foot magazines; direct vision viewfinder; film punch; handle missing.
Bell & Howell Autoload 308 cine camera, 1968
Cine camera for Super 8 film cartridges; Bell & Howell Zoom lens F:10.5-26.5mm, f/1.9, reflex finder; auto or manual exposure. Foldaway handle. Serial No 8413567. Made in Japan. Electrically driven, it runs at 18 frames/second. There is also a single-frame option.
Bioscope 35-mm cine-projector
Bioscope 35-mm cine-projector, made by Aubrey Franks, Manchester, c.1900.
Akeley cine camera
Akeley 35mm cine camera with tripod and panning head, Akeley Camera Co, No 153, 1917.
Bell & Howell Filmo Projector
Bell & Howell Filmo Projector, c. 1926. Cine projector for 16mm film, 400' spool capacity. Fitted with a Graf optical co lens F: 2 inches (Pat. 6.26) in helical screw mount. Two continuous sprockets, claw intermittent. Gate and snubber rollers opened by single lever. FRaming control on claw mechanism. Double condensers, removable. 110v, 200w prefocus lamp. Electric motor drive, forward/ reverse switch. Hand rewind. Inching knob. No.35812. Manufactured by Bell & Howell Co., Chicago.
Pathé Baby projector
Projector for 9.5mm film in projection chargers. Double claw intermittent, automatic take up in glazed chamber. Hand turned. Hand rewind. Lamp resistance in base. Sensor for notched films. Filter wheel before lens for tinting - orange, yellow, green, pink, cyan and clear sections. No 176566. Pathe. Loaded with exposed film.
Kodatoy Universal Model 16mm Projector
For 16mm silent film, 100' reels; claw intermittent, two sprockets. Motor speed control; hand rewind for 110 or 240 volt supply.
Kodak M6 Instamatic Super 8 Movie Camera
Kodak M6 instamatic movie camera, 1965-1966, in rigid foam lined carrying case. Electric cine camera for Super 8 film in 50' Kodapak Movie cartridges. Kodak Zoom lens f/1.8; helical focusing. Through lens automatic exposure control; +1 stop backlight setting. Direct vision optical finder with lowlight warning; focusing eyepiece. Linear footage scale. Film speed sensors. Integral folding handle. Powered by three 1.5v AAA cells. Provision for accessory battery boost pack. Manual zoom control. Slot for movie light or key to remove daylight filter. The film transport, common to all in the range, is mounted on a die-cast inner frame and the camera is made of glass-reinforced plastic in two-tone grey. This is an example of the top of the range of the Kodak Instamatic Super 8 cameras introduced in May 1965. In rigid foam-lined carrying case.
Kodak instamatic M2 Cine Camera
Kodak instamatic M2 camera. Manufactured by Eastman Kodak, assembled by Kodak Limited. For Super 8 film in cartridges; Kodak Ektanar lens f/2.2; manual exposure setting, manual exposure guide. DV optical finder; electric motor drive. Serial No D21675. In original packing.
'Rover' portable video camera
'Rover' portable video camera in fitted case, made by the Sony Corporation, Japan, c.1970.
16-mm Gebescope sound/silent cine projector
16-mm Gebescope sound/silent cine projector with loudspeaker made by G.B. Equipments Ltd, London, c.1940.
Cine Kodak Model B camera
Cine Kodak Model B camera. Cine camera for 16mm film, 50'or 100' reels. Claw intermittent mechanism, single continuous sprocket drive. Interchangeable lens, Kodak anastigmat F:25mm f/1.9-16. Folding optical frame finder with parallax correction, reflecting brilliant finder. Back sight for interchangeable lens on side. Rotary footage indicator Clockwork motor drive, single speed, and lck on position. No. 83458. Eastman Kodak. 1927-1931.
Pathé Baby-Cine 9.5mm camera
Constinsouza, Paris. Pathe Baby-Cine camera. Cinecamera for 9.5mm film in Pathex chargers. Berthiot Stellor lens f/3.5-14, Serial No 144055. Hand-turned, two turns per second. Rotary frame counter. Folding wire frame finder. Claw intermittent. Serial No 066928. British Patent Number 144055. Fitted with 30 foot film charger.
The Kinora viewer. Hand operated viewer for Kinora reels. Wooden base, with hinged wooden strip bearing mechanism, viewing lens and metal eyeshield. Supporting strut holds viewer at approximately 45 degrees. Black enamelled viewer stamped 'The Kinora No 309(?)'. Fitted with flipbook, black and white photographs of a plough team (1967-207 Pt2/08)
Debrie Sept 35mm cine camera
Debrie Sept cine camera for 35mm film in 10' loading chargers. Fitted with a Paris 'Huet' lens F: 5cm f/ 3.5-32, Serial No 1825, Detachable clockwork motor, rounded case, 'normal' and 'rapid' speed. With provision for single exposure T/I. Brilliant reflex finder. Front lens slides out to form optical frame finder. Helical focusing mount. Intermittent front sprocket drive. Light trapped slits for use as printer/ projector. Frame counter. Serial No E 00423. Andre Debrie. French Patent 2 June 1919. In lined case with four spare chargers.
Aldis Minor slide projector
Aldis Minor projector. For 2 x 2 inch slides. 100w, 240v, A1 lamp prefocus. With three condenser lenses and mirror. Helical focusing movement. coated Petzval type projection lens. Two elevating screws. With bulb and 2-pin plug; plug stamped Clix Patent Made in England.