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Rotative steam engine by Boulton and Watt, 1788
Boulton and Watt Rotative Beam Engine - the 'Lap' engine. This is the oldest essentially unaltered rotative engine in the world. Built by James Watt in 1788, it incorporates all of his most important steam-engine improvements. The engine was used at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham, where it drove 43 metal polishing (or ‘lapping’) machines for 70 years.
Print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of a Newcomen Engine
Framed print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of the Newcomen Engine at Griff, 1717, Henry Beighton, England, 1717-1725. This engraving (the original of which was discovered in Worcester College, Oxford, in 1925) is the oldest known illustration of a Newcomen engine.
'Haystack' Boiler, 1775-1799
1775-1799 (original); 1900-1907 (model)
Model, scale 1:12, of balloon or haystack boiler
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator, with spare guide ring and fan, by Clarke, Chapman, Parsons & Co.,1884
Atmospheric Engine by John Smeaton, 1772
1772 (original); 1919 (model)
working model, sectioned, scale 1:12, John Smeaton's atmospheric engine at Long Benton Colliery, 1772
'Wagon' Boiler, 19th Century
1801-1840 (original); 1901 (model)
model, scale 1:12, of a 20 hp wagon boiler, 1801-1840.
Vertical Compound Steam Engine with Hackworth's Valve Gear, 1898
model of inverted compound steam engine fitted with Hackworth's valve gear, scale 1:6, original made by the Brush Co for the City Road Substation of the County of London Electric Supply Co.
'Bell-crank' engine, c. 1799
Model Boulton & Watt bell crank engine, c. 1799. The bell-crank engine design was devised for Boulton & Watt by William Murdock, one of their employees. It was the first 'independent' (self-supporting) engine to be built.
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Model of Rotative Beam Engine by William Tongue, c. 1804
Model, rotative beam engine, c. 1805, scale 1:8, made by William Tongue, an apprentice with Boulton & Watt from 1797 until 1804. It represents the rotative steam engine as Watt left it upon the expiry of his patents in 1800. Cast iron has replaced timber in the main engine components, and the sun & planet gear has been replaced by a more straightforward crank. The nozzles (valve boxes that controlled the inlet and exhaust of steam at each end of the cylinder) each contain two concentric socket valves of the type introduced by William Murdock after 1800. The eccentric driving the valves was also his improvement.
Model, of Woolf's Water Tube Boiler, 1819
model of Woolf's water tube boiler after A. M. Heron de la Villefosse, De la Richesse Minerale, 1819, scale 1:8, patented 1803. Type built by J & E Hall of Dartford, Kent.
Columnar Engine, 1862
Small columnar engine built by the company of Maudslay, Sons & Field, to drive their models displayed at the London International Exhibition, 1862.
Model of William Murdock's Oscillating Engine, 1785.
Original model of William Murdock's Oscillating Cylinder Engine, 1785
Watt's second separate condenser, 1765.
Model of cylinder with separate condenser, formerly described as the "original" model.
Vacuum Gauge by Boulton and Watt
Vacuum gauge associated by Boulton and Watt, for measuring the pressure in the cylinder or condenser of their steam engines.
Sectional Model of a Beam Engine, 1866.
Sectional model of independent 'cabinet' beam engine by Boulton, Watt & Co., comprising a copy in wood of inv. 1858-1.
Peel, Williams & Peel steam engine
Six-column beam engine, made by Peel, Williams & Peel, Manchester, in 1846 and originally used at Thomas Redfern's file-making factory in Stockport. A small beam engine, complete in itself and built as a free standing unit. Sometimes known as a 'wet bottom' engine due to its condenser tank at the base. Also described as a tank bed engine, with 12" x 20" slide valve cylinder.
Bell-crank Engine by Boulton and Watt, c. 1810.
Bell-crank condensing steam engine with one vertical double-acting cylinder, early 19th century
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler excluding flywheel
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging (without flywheel)
Newcomen Atmospheric Engine
Newcomen Engine built by Francis Thompson of Ashover near Chesterfield 1791. Re-erected in house built with materials taken from the engine house at Pentrich, Derbyshire, where it was last worked
Crossley Brothers Atmospheric Gas Engine
Vertical single-cylinder atmospheric gas engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Openshaw, Manchester, c.1874. No 1224. Two flywheel cylinder atmospheric free piston gas engine. Two flywheels with ratchet gear on driving shaft which allows the piston and rack to be blown up by the expulsion of gas in the cylinder, and the piston falling by vacuum and its own weight, drives the flywheels as the ratchet engines. This was the first type of internal combustion engine to compress the explosive mixture before firing it. Label embossed on engine shaft: "Otto Langen & Crossley's Patents Crossley Bros Manchester Sole English & Colonial Makers".
Vertical Steam Engine, 1891
14 hp vertical, single-cylinder, Marshall Steam Engine (made by Messrs. Marshall of Gainsborough, for Imperial Institute in 1891 and transferred to Kew Gardens in 1903)
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler
100-1 BCE; 1501-1600; 1914
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler based on Sketches in 16th century Manuscripts
National Diesel Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal four-stroke diesel engine with generator and lighting set, made by the National Gas Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, 1928.
This Lancashire boiler was made in Manchester by W & J Galloway & Sons Ltd in 1889. It was used by bedding manufacturers John Sawtell & Co, where the steam was used to curl feathers for stuffing pillows. Lancashire boilers were often used to power steam engines, but could be used for any task where steam was required. The Lancashire boiler was developed by William Fairbairn in 1844, in an attempt to create a boiler where as much heat as possible from the fire was transferred to the water, and not lost. Two furnace tubes run through the boiler, where the fires would be stoked, and these were surrounded with water for maximum heat transfer. Manchester firm Galloways, who made this boiler, made their boilers even more efficient by adding extra tubes which crossed the furnace tubes to allow more heat transfer. A typical Lancashire boiler would consume six tons of coal per day. Water levels had to be carefully maintained, otherwise the pressure would get too high and cause an explosion.
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valv
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valve, 1961
Horizontal Tandem Compound Engine, c. 1910
model, scale 1:12, of horizontal tandem compound condensing engine, c. 1910
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler, c. 1806
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging
Undershot water wheel used to power a paper mill in Pool-in-Wharfedale, near Leeds.
Brush Ljungstrom radial-flow steam turbine, made by Brush Electrical Engineering Ltd, Loughborough, 1956.
High Speed Vertical Steam Engine, c. 1900
Model Robey open type single cylinder vertical high speed steam engine, scale 1:4.
Model, scale 1:12, of stationary steam boiler, c.1948
Scale 1:12 model of Paxman Economic boiler, as built by Davey, Paxman & Co. Ltd, Colchester, England, c.1910. Model built by John B. Thorp of London, and mounted in display case.
Model flash steam plant
Model flash steam plant by Bert Martin, Southampton, Hampshire, England, 1935
Collycroft worsted textile mill, 1790
model, scale 1:32, of an 18th century water-powered textile mill; the model is based on drawings of the Collycroft worsted mill, Bedworth, Warwickshire, built c. 1790; interior contains a selection of textile machines employed in various processes; weaving, winding, drawing or doubling, spinning; the machine operators are also shown; the model is finished for viewing from the front only, and is cut away to allow viewing of the interior
Crossley Horizontal Single-cylinder Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder four-stroke cycle gas engine made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1886. Serial number 15040. Used in an Edinburgh foundry. This was the first type of internal-combustion engine to work on Otto's four-stroke principle, patented in 1876, and is thus the direct ancestor of present-day piston internal-combustion engines. A general arrangement drawing for the engine is held in the archive.
McInnes-Dobbie steam engine indicator
1888 (design date)
McInnes-Dobbie steam engine indicator, McInnes-Dobbie Limited, London, England. Design No.1 of 1888; external spring. No. 2618
National Horizontal Gas Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal gas engine, type KBGE, no. 193552 made by National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, c.1935.
Crossley gas engine
Gas engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Openshaw, Manchester, c.1920. Originally used to generate electricity at Nantwich Gas Works. No 108885, B.H.32 at 325 R.P.H. Includes archive material documented in Adlib.
Single-Cylinder Drop Valve Engine, c1900.
Model, scale 1:12, of Robey 450 hp type "E" horizontal drop valve steam engine made by D. W. Gale of Lincoln.
Model of Halliday Windmill, 1877
Working model (scale 1:12) of Halliday's 1877 "Standard" self-regulating windmill, arranged for pumping, invented 1854.
Model (scale 1:10) of overshot water-wheel with three part ventilated bucket
Model (scale 1:10) of overshot water-wheel with three part ventilated bucket, timber framed
Haydock Colliery Steam Engine
Single-cylinder condensing beam engine, made in about 1830 and latterly used at Haydock Colliery. This engine is thought to have been made for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company for use as a winding engine at Edge Hill. From about 1860, until it was taken out of service in 1950, this engine provided power for the woodworking shop at the Richard Evans Colliery maintenance depot at Haydock. Beam engine with 'D' slide valves, Parallel motion condenser, air pumps, Watt type about 15' long, flywheel 15' diameter in segments and arms with gear drive round rim. Erected at Haydock in 1863 to drive the saw mill of Richard Evans Colliery Maintenance department.
100 K.W. Parsons' Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, partly sectioned
Partly sectioned 100 K.W. Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, built by C. A. Parsons and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne in 1892 for the Cambridge Electric Supply Company.
Model of Murray's portable beam engine
Model representing Murray's portable beam engine, by James Fox, Derby, 1808
Mechanical counter, 1888.
Engine counter, 6 figures, by Schaeffer & Budenberg, Baukau, Madgeburg, Germany, for reciprocations or revolutions
Crossley Type IHD4 Diesel Engine
Four-stroke diesel engine, Type IHD4, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1960. Used at the Tameside Collecge of Technology for testing different engine loads.