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English horary quadrant, 1650-1725
English brass Gunter quadrant, 17th century (4 3/4-inch radius) with degree scale and shadow square. Unsigned but design, lettering and decoration identical to 1938-386.
One of two old object glasses of 2 1/4-inch apert
One of two old object glasses of 2 1/4-inch aperture in wood mount by John Reeves 1657-1689. Presented by George Dollond to the Hartwell Museum, Hartwell House near Aylesbury in December 1859. Thought once to be the property of Sir Samuel Bentham [1757-1831] .
Round pewter teapot with separate lid and straight wooden handle projecting from side, covered with pattern of wavy diagonal fluting, European, 1701-1750
English horary quadrant, 1658
English paper on wood horary quadrant (Sutton type), by Henry Sutton, dated 1658 (10-inch radius) with degree and trigonometric scales and on the reverse an almanac and quadrant of latitudes. Scales similar to brass Sutton quadrant, 1918-93.
Trade card for John Yarwell, optician, London, England, 1697
Trade card: John Yarwell, at the Archimedes and 3 pair of Golden Spectacles in Ludgate Street, the Shop next Ludgate, London, Makes True Spectacles and other optical instruments.1697. (Calv. 461)
Hendrik van der Borcht
print, etching, portrait of Elias Allen ELIAS ALLEN. Apud Anglos Cantianus, iuxta Tunnbridge natus, Mathematicis Instrumentis aere incidendis sui temporis Artifex ingeniosissimus, Obijt Londini, prope finem Mensis Martij, Anno a Christo nato 1653, suaeque aetatis, H. Van der Borcht pinxit; W. Hollar fect. [London] [1653?] 1 print, etching, [trimmed to] platemark 24.3x17cm., Portrait, HL to R, with instruments including theodolite sections, dividers, horizontal sundial and universal equatorial ring dial; on wall, sector quadrant and tools. Ref: Parthey 1338; O'Donoghue, 1
Portrait print from engraving of John Theophilus Desaguliers, 1725
Engraving: Portrait of John Theophilus Desaguliers (1683-1744), natural philosopher.
Whole model rigged 20 gun ship
Contemporary model, 1:48 scale, of 20-gun, 6th-rate, man-of-war naval frigate with full (original) rigging flags and cut-away section showing construction, built to the 1719 Establishment (naval specification) showing hull construction, unsigned, British, 1719-1733. The model is similar to HMS 'Blandford', 1720 and HMS 'Gibraltar' 1727
Trade card: B. Martin
Trade card: B. Martin. 1742. Price list of microscopes, telescopes and air pump all made by B. Martin, Inventor of the above Microscopes. Also a list of agents where they are sold in Reading, London, Oxford, Cambridge and Sarum. (Calv. 261) (C.C. 96)
Pestle and mortar, Egypt, 1650-1575BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Marble pestle and mortar, Egyptian, 1650BC-1575BC
Tenmon Bun’ya no zu (map showing divisions of the heavens and regions they govern)
Tenmon Bun’ya no zu (map showing divisions of the heavens and regions they govern) star map with wooden case by Shibukawa Harumi (1639-1715), Japan, 1677. Combines Shibukawa's systematic astronomical observations with concepts from Chinese field-allocation astrology. (see note)
Cylindrical form of Napier's bones
Original Napier's Rods, cylindrical arrangement in wooden box with ten figured rollers; inside lid inscribed "This box was the identical property of the author of ye Logs, Napier 1824" (wire, hingeing lid to box, broken) from the library of the Lord Napier and Ettrick
Le Cabinet de M. Le Clerc
Drawing of ‘Le Cabinet de M. Le Clerc’ by Sebastien Le Clerc (the elder), around 1700. Pen and ink, wash, graphite and red chalk on paper. This is likely the final design for the unfinished print of the same name (also in the Science Museum collection, see 1948-325). The drawing shows a large room filled with scientific instruments, with windows on the right, and a large vestibule visible between two columns on the left. A group of men stand or sit around a table, seemingly in conversation. Two other drawings of similar composition, but with variations, exist in the collections of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts (EBA 1168) and the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. The title is taken from the cataloguing and study of those two drawings. The drawing was bequeathed to the Science Museum in 1948 by George Hugh Gabb, with the title ‘The Physical Laboratory of the Académie des Sciences’ and accompanied by the unfinished engraving (1948-325). It was exhibited at a Royal Society soirée at Burlington House on 18 May 1938, and published with a detailed key to the instruments shown in the Illustrated London News 21 May 1938. The print was likely intended as a pendant to Le Clerc’s most famous print ‘L’Académie des Sciences et des Beaux-Arts’ (1698-1706), which shows an idealised view of the two academies at the Louvre palace (see for example British Museum R,8.85). Marks on the back of the drawing show that it was previously in the collections of an unknown collector (dated January 1822), Alfred Ritter von FRANCK (sold 1889) and Rudolf Philip Goldschmidt (sold 1917).
Spring-driven pendulum clock
A Bracket clock by Isaac Thuret, made while he was in Paris, France, 1665-1681.
Early pendulum clock by Salomon Coster, c.1657.
"Haagsche Klokje" by Salomon Coster (1657-59)
Loeser's Metallic thermometer by J. G. Zimmer, 1746-47
Loeser's metallic dial thermometer, graduated according to the scale of J.N. De L'Isle, by J. G. Zimmer, Reinharz Castle, Wittenberg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, 1746-47.
Wooden backstaff or Davis quadrant made by John Gilbert on Tower Hill, London, England in 1730 for Thomas Wells. The navigational instrument is fitted with boxwood circular scales (30°arc 0-25, 60°arc 0-65 & 0.5’ divisions), signed ivory insert and decorative stars are stamped on the frame and arcs. The backstaff is fitted with a replacement Flamsteed Lens and a shadow vane made in the Science Museum workshops in 1967 (copied from Inv. No.1908-158).
Works of clock (dated 1671) removed from St. Giles
Works of clock (dated 1671) removed from St. Giles Church, Cambridge (received in pieces), including parts, weights and fifteen metal shims and one steel washer, by William Clement, London, England, 1671
Astronomical quadrant with stand, 1685-1724
Brass quadrant of 23-inch radius with diagonal scales on a wrought iron stand by Butterfield of Paris. The quadrant is fitted with a telescopic sight and an enclosed plumb bob. This fine brass and iron quadrant was displayed at the Special Loan Collection of Scientific Apparatus exhibition held at the South Kensington Museum in 1876.
Posset pot with Chinese decoration
Nursing & Hospital Furnishings
Large tin glazed earthenware posset pot, Chinese decoration, Dutch, 1701-1750
Mummy of a peregrine falcon, Egypt, 2000-1001 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Mummy of peregrine falcon, Egyptian, 2000-1001 BC
English glass celestial globe, 1739
Glass celestial sphere (72269/57/1), engraved by John Cowley, 1739, with globe stand by Heath & Wing, London. Sphere broken and repaired during 1900s as the cracked and rivetted globe encloses a Newton terrestrial globe with printed gores dated Jan 1st 1897.
Multiplying spectacles, 1650.
Multiplying spectacles, consisting of a pair of rock crystal 'lenses', each with 24 facets, in a gilt metal frame, 17th-18th century.
Spring-driven pendulum clock by Johannes van Ceulen of The Hague, c. 1695
Pendulum bracket clock, spring driven, with black japanned wooden case by Johannes van Ceulen of the Hague, Netherlands, 1670-1680.
Model of 90-gun, 2nd-rate, man-of-war naval vessel, built to the 1706 Establishment
Contemporary model, scale 1:70, of 90-gun, 2nd-rate, man-of-war naval vessel, unrigged, built to the 1706 Establishment (naval specification), unsigned, English, 1706-1730. The model formerly belonged to Daniel Finch (1647-1730), First Lord of the British Admiralty (1681-4).
Acupuncture training model, China, 1725-1730
Acupuncture training model, with bronze acupuncture figure, in silk covered box bearing text of an Imperial decree of Yung Chen, China, c. 1727
Morland's Calculating Machine, 1666-1695
Calculating machine designed by Sir Samuel Morland in 1666 with leather case, made between 1666-1695.
Nicholas Culpeper's statement about John Dee's crystal, England, 1651-1658
Ethnography and Folk Medicine
Statement about John Dee's crystal by Nicholas Culpeper, written on back of deed
star and sundial, Dutch, 1681
Combined star and sun (altitude) dial, signed Anthony Sneewins, Delft, Holland, dated 1681.
Whole rigged model of an English 50 gun ship
Contemporary rigged model, scale 1:48, of a 50 gun English ship proposed by the 1733 Establishment with contemporary rigging, unsigned, England, 1722-1740
Mezzotint print of oil painting, portrait of Isaac Newton, 1712
Print, Isaacus Newton Eq: Aur. / G. Kneller Eques pinx. ; J. Smith Fecit et ex. 1712. Mezzotint, 50x34cm, cut to platemark: 35.5x26cm, oval image: 29.4x24.8cm. After an oil by Sir Godfrey Kneller,1702, NPG or Petworth House. Portrait of Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), HS in wig and gown, looking slightly l., in feigned oval. Isaac Newton phyicist and mathematician, key figure in scientific revolution, laid the foundation for classical mechanics and made seminal contributions to optics and calculus.
Copy of clay liver used for divination, original from Babylon, 2050-1750 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Babylonian clay liver used for divination, c.2050-1750 BC, copy, 1981
Wooden printing press
Printing & Writing
Wooden hand-operated printing press, differing little from that of the early Caxton press, 1701-1734. Reputedly used from the workshop where Benjamin Franklin worked as a journeyman printer.
single hand reading glass or magnifying glass, bra
single hand reading glass or magnifying glass, brass mount, wire binding to secure handle, 1701-1750
Automation mechanism, for ornamental turning 'rose-engine' lathe
Hand and Machine Tools
Automation mechanism, for ornamental turning 'rose-engine' lathe, unsigned, German, c. 1740
English celestial globe with Sun and Moon arms, 1747
Celestial globe 3-inch on brass stand by Richard Cushee, London, 1747.
Pedometer, gilded brass and silver, cord operated
Pedometer, gilded brass and silver, cord operated, by Johann Willebrand, Augsburg, Germany, 1682-1720.
Calculating Machine for Computing Trigonometry
Calculating machine invented by Sir Samuel Morland, adapted to trigonometrical computation with wooden case. Made by Henry Sutton and Samuel Knibb, London, 1664.
Mummy of a crocodile, Egypt, 2000-1001 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Mummified crocodile, no provenance, Egyptian, 2000-1001 BCE.
Bow Nuremberg spectacles, cased, Germany, 1651-1710
Bow Nuremberg spectacles, copper inside open end bow case, brass, German, 1651-1710
Whole model of battleship HMS 'Captain'
Contemporary model, 1:60 scale, of HMS ‘Captain’ built 1708 to the 1706 Establishment (naval specification), a 70-gun, 3rd-rate, man-of-war navel vessel, without rigging or masts with cut-away to show construction, built by William Hammond, shipwright at Portsmouth naval dockyard, 1714. The 'Captain', was involved in the defeat of the Spanish fleet off Cape Passaro with the British forces commanded by Admiral Sir George Byng.
Print. Edystone Light-House. A Narrative of the Building ... / Hen. winstanley, 1703. - Scale of 20 ft [: 5 1/2 in]. - Engraving, 101x70cm. Annotated, fantastical engraving by Henry Winstanley of his own Eddystone lighthouse; stone edifice, dated on panel Anno Dom 1699; annotations including advertisement, description, "stood until that dreadful storm of 27 November 1703"; general fantasy scene and architecture, man fishing from wooden balcony etc
Painting. [Model of HMS Victory; stern view]. / - . - Oil on canvas, 74.5x65.5cm in gilt frame, 91x82x7cm. - Unsigned, undated, no name cartouche. - Perspective painting at [not 45] degree angle. - Formerly in collection of King George III, but not a part of the series of ship model paintings he later commissioned. - Ship Establishment design proposed 1733; built Portsmouth Dockyard; technically a rebuild from frames of previous ship Royal James restarted 6 March 1726; launched 23 February 1737; 100 guns 1st Rate; lost in Casquets, English Channel, 5 October 1744 with Admiral Balchen and 1100 men
Six inch brass sector to the design of N. Goldman
Six inch brass sector to the design of N. Goldman (1656) signed : "A du Chaffat Capitaine et Ingenieur de la ville d'Ulm fecit anno 1723", symmetrical scales and hinge with engraved rose decoration
Ivory sector by Isaac Carver
Sector, 6"; ivory and brass; engraved "Carver Fecit"
Screw-barrel MIcroscope by Edmund Culpeper, 1728-1730
microscope, Wilson-type screw-barrel microscope, signed, made by Edmund Culpeper (active 1700-1737) about 1728-1730, four objective lenses with ivory covers, two objective lenses without covers, specimen holder (marked E.C./fecit), ivory-cased magnifying lens, ivory box containing mica slipcovers, small ivory handle (broken off) [shagreen case, two glass test tubes, four ivory slides with leather case and brass specimen slide are missing]
Silver medal commemorating the deliverence of Hamburg from plague, Germany, 1714
Circular silver medal, commemorates the deliverance of the City of Hamburg from plague, rainbow on reverse, German, possibly 1714
Wooden anatomical figure with painted wooden box, Germany, 1650-1750
Anatomy & Pathology
Wooden anatomical figure, in painted wooden box, several internal organs removable, German, c. 1700