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Hughes 'Typograph', Typewriter for blind people
Printing & Writing
Hughes' typograph for the use of the blind, 1850. This machine enabled people who were blind to write without using type, done by using raised characters which could be read by touch. It was awarded medals at the Great Exhibitions of 1851 and 1862.
Chinese celestial globe, 1830
Clockdriven celestial globe by Qi Mei-lu of Wuyuan, China, 1830, with horizon ring, pillars and base plus two keys. Marked with Chinese ascerisms.
East Indiaman Herefordshire
William John Huggins
Painting. East Indiaman "Herefordshire" (1813) / WJ Huggins, 1815. Oil on canvas; 1320 x1920mm. Signed and dated bl, W.J. Huggins, 1815. Portrait, ship. Shipbuilders' commission with the ship depicted in three different positions, stern, aft, and port, full sail. Coastal scene off Margate. The Herefordshire was built in Bombay in 1813 to the specification of the East India Company who chartered her from private ownership. She was of 1342 tons burden with a crew of 130 men and armed with 26 guns
Wax anatomical model of a female showing internal organs, Florence, Italy, 1818
Anatomy & Pathology
Wax anatomical model of female torso and head, showing internal organs, with removable heart, on wooden display cabinet, by Francesco Calenzuoli, Italian, dated 1818
Map of the Inland Navigation, Canals and Rail Roads with the Situations of the various Mineral Productions throughout Great Britain
Railway Maps & Plans
Map of the Inland Navigation, Canals and Rail Roads with the Situations of the various Mineral Productions throughout Great Britain, from actual surveys ... made by order of the Honorable the Board of Ordnance / by J. Walker, Land and Mineral Surveyor, Wakefield. 1830Jan. [Published by Richard Nichols, Wakefield. Scale 1" : c.6m. The 3 engraved sheets were bound together within boards which have been removed; sheets and boards are now folded and kept within flat conservation box. Front board bears title label 'Nichols, Priestley and Walker's new map of inland navigation, canals and railroads of Great Britain'. Sheets bear also an 'Explanation', and a dedication to His Majesty. The map is 'accompanied by a book of reference, compiled by Joseph Priestley, Esqre. of the Aire and Calder Navigation' (i.e. his 'Historical Account of the Navigable Rivers, Canals, and Railways throughout Great Britain' 1831, a copy of which is in SML book stock in Cupboard C)]
Branding tool for marking deserters, London, England 1810-1850
Brass instrument for 'branding', deserters with a letter 'D', in leather covered case, by Savigny and Co., 67 St. James's Street, London, England, 1810-1850.
Cheffins's Map of the Railways in England and Scotland
Railway Maps & Plans
Engraved map. Cheffins's Map of the English & Scotch Railways by C. F. Cheffins, 1845. 4th ed. Scale 1" : c.13 1/2m. Part of the John Phillimore Collection: cat. 1, 1845, page 6. Originally folded and bound within boards (18.5 x 12.5cm.) Cover title is 'Cheffins's Map of the Railways in England & Scotland, Accurately Delineating all the lines at present opened. Also .... the Main Roads throughout the Kingdom with the distances between the Towns ...'.
De Saussure Hair Hygrometer, 1815-1841
Horace Bénédict de Saussure type hair hygrometer by Richard Joshua Harris, 50 Holborn, London, England, in leather case, 1815-1841
Stirling's hot air engine, c. 1816.
Heat Engines (non steam)
Model of Stirling's hot air engine, c. 1816, cylinders sectioned.
Copy of clay liver used for divination, original from Babylon, 2050-1750 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Babylonian clay liver used for divination, c.2050-1750 BC, copy, 1981
Satirical illustration of the polluted River Thames, by George Cruikshank, London, England, 1832
Print by George Cruickshank, illustrating the poem "Royal Address of Cadwallader ap-Tudor ap-Edwards ap-Vaughan, Water-King of Southwark"; a satire on water pollution of the river Thames, c. 1832, dimensions 17 1/2" x 10 1/2"
Calotype camera with lens by Chevalier and double dark slide, c. 1843. Lens inscribed 'Portrait et Paysages'.
Model of a pair of side-lever engines from the H.M.S. 'Dee', (1832)
Working model, scale 1:32, of a pair of side-lever engines from the H.M.S. 'Dee', (1832), mounted on wood hull section, designed by Henry Maudslay and made by Maudslay, Sons and Field Limited, Lambeth, London, England, 1832-1851
Plan and Section of the intended Railway or Tramroad from Stockton by Darlington to the Collieries near West Auckland
Railway Maps & Plans
Printed and hand coloured map 'Plan and Section of the intended Railway or Tramroad from Stockton by Darlington to the Collieries near West Auckland in the County of Durham : and Several Branches therefrom, and of the Variations and Alterations Intended to be made therein Respectively & also of the Additional Branch of Railway or Tramroad Proposed to be made. 1822'. Scales 3":2 1/2m (horiz); 1":300' (vertic).
Decorated keystone from South Stockton arch, Thornaby station
Keystone from a decorative arch at South Stockton station on the Stockton & Darlington Railway, about 1842. The face of the stone depicts the head of an old, bearded man surrounded by vines and ivy, probably a Green Man or perhaps the Greek and Roman god Dionysus/Bacchus. On the reverse of the stone are bunches of grapes and vine leaves.
Working model of the double trunk steam engines, as used on HMS 'Minotaur (1867) and HMS 'Northumberland' (1868)
Working model, scale 1:12, of twin-cylinder steam driven double trunk screw engines, as extensively used for screw propulsion on the HMS 'Minotaur' and 'Northumberland' (1865-1868), construction patented, and model made by John Penn and Sons in 1845, mounted on ships hull model showing arrangement of engine mounting points made by South Kensington Museum (Workshops), in glass case on table stand (see note). A Trunk Engine was originally developed to reduce engine height while maintaining a long stroke. The long stroke meant that the engine retained greater power while a low profile was curcial for placing the engine as deep in the ship as possible. This depth was ideally below the waterline in the event of enemy action.
Pair of Queen Victoria's white satin slippers, England, 1840-1848
Pair of Queen Victoria's white satin slippers with bars of gold ribbon and gold rosette on front, part of Chalmers' collection, by Gundry and Son, 1 Soho Square, London, England, 1840-1848.
Spring operated 'Nelson' knife, New York, United States, 1845-1855
Spring-operated "Nelson" knife. Made by A.A. Marks c.1850.
Cyanotype of Equisetum sylvaticum, 1853
A cyanotype of Equisetum sylvaticum, or Wood Horsetail, from 'Cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns', made by Anna Atkins in 1853.
model locomotion no 1
Model of locomotive No.1, "Locomotion", Stockton & Darlington Railway, 1825.
South-East View of Sheffield
Chromolithograph. South East View of Sheffield. Lithographed by T. Picken after W. Ibbitt, printed by Day & Son, [London]. Published April 7th 1855 by W. Ibbitt, 152 Broad Lane, Sheffield. Image 38x68.5cm on sheet 50x77cm. signed in stone brc W Ibbitt/55. Industrial cityscape with smoking chimneys, canal staithes and barges, workmen on break, women washday, mine heads, civic pride. In frame 66x90x2cm
Model Passenger Locomotive, 1840-1845
model locomotive, scale 1:5, sectioned model of locomotive with inside cylinders and single drivers, c. 1840-5. Made by Elliott Bros, 30 Strand, London.
Model of Wood's cross bar signal
Model signal, scale 1:16, Wood's crossbar signal, c.1840.
Near Wellington, Shropshire
Charles Joseph Hullmandel
Lithograph: Near Wellington, Shropshire. Printed by C Hullmandel [after Francis Nicholson], 1821. Initialled in the stone blc: F.N.1821. Image 22x31cm, vignette on sheet 27.5x38cm. Scene is of colliery site: pit heads, winding gear and engine houses at night, horse drawn wagon. Transformation of the English landscape by buildings and the pollution of the atmosphere. In frame 33x42x2cm
The Dutton Viaduct on the Grand Junction Railway, over the Valley of the Weaver
Engraving, coloured. The Dutton Viaduct on the Grand Junction Railway, over the Valley of the Weaver... Painted by T[homas] Creswick; Engraved by W. Radclyffe. Published by Wrightson and Webb, New Street, Birmingham. [c1837-1840]. 32x40.5cm to platemark. Image 21x32.5cm, laid to platemark 31.8x40.6cm on sheet 35.5x44cm. From designs by G Stephenson Esqre and erected under the direction of J Locke esqr. [Viaduct was completed 9 December 1836; GJR opened July 1837]. Scene includes fishing boat, basket; two small trains on viaduct. In frame 43x49x2cm
model of great western railway disc and crossbar signal
Model signal, scale 1:16, Great Western Railway, disc and crossbar signal, 1841.
Model railway ball signal, Great Western Railway
Model signal, scale 1:16, Great Western Railway, ball signal, 1837.
model of london & croydon railway semaphore signal
Model signal, scale 1:16, London & Croydon Railway, first semaphore signal, by K H Gregory, 1841.
'Extraordinary effects of Morison Vegetable Pills!', advertisement published London, England, 1834
Charles Jameson Grant
Coloured lithograph by C.J.G. entitled "Extraordinary effects of Morrison Vegetable Pills!". (Published by J. Kendrick, Leicester Square, January 10th 1834) 23cmx27cm.
Cruchley's Railway Map of England & Wales
Railway Maps & Plans
Cruchley's Railway Map of England & Wales / G.F. Cruchley, 1840. [Engraved and published by G. F. Cruchley, map seller, 81 Fleet Street. Front board bears title 'Cruchley's New Map of the Railways and Principal Roads of England and Wales'. 1 sheet : 9 sections, folded in boards. Scale c.1" : 30m.]
Cornish penny token, 1811.
Coins, Medals & Tokens
Token, copper, 35mm diameter. Cornish penny, 1811. (D Cornwall 19 to 24). Issued by John Williams, mining magnate. obverse, Redruth. pumping engine and winding machine. reverse, three industries of copper tin and pilchards. [Issuer Unknown, 1811, 1d. Obverse Pumping engine and horse whim. Reverse Ingots of copper and tin, a fish. Notes The objects depicted on the reverse relate to the county’s main industries of mining and fishing (pilchards and herring). The token was probably for general use in Cornwall.]
Slide Rest for Light Lathe, England, c. 1830
Hand and Machine Tools
Slide rest as used on early English ornamental lathes, with additional top slide for drilling spindle, (incomplete) by Holtzapffel
Refracting telescope with 5.9-inch aperture lens, brass tube and English type equatorial mounting and clockwork drive
Refracting telescope with 5.9-inch aperture lens by Charles Tully, brass tube and English type equatorial mounting by George Dollond and clockwork drive. Made for Captain W.H.Smyth in 1828, who observed from Bedford and gave the telescope to Dr John Lee of Hartwell House near Stone, Aylesbury. Sold by Lee's executors to Royal Observatory, Greenwich for use in 1874 transit of Venus. Used at the Hong Kong Observatory from 1888 until 1914 when it was returned to Greenwich. Admiral Smyth used this telescope to make his observations for his book, 'A Cycle of Celestial Objects' published in 1844 which was famous throughtout the 19th century. The book was the first guide to the night sky written for a non-specialist and has been much copied since. The instrument incorporates the earliest known clock drive on an English telescope.
Smith's Railway Map, 1836
Railway Maps & Plans
'Smith's Railway Map', 1836, by Charles Smith & Son. Shows network of lines in England. Printed and hand coloured.
Astronomical playing cards
Francis Graham Moon
Astronomia. Set of 52 cards in original slip case with instruction booklet; Steel engravings showing major and minor planets in your suites. Designed and published by F.G. Moon, London 1829; steel engravings by J & G Pickett. With instruction booklet, Explanation of the Celestial Cards (Second Edition, London 1831)
Chinese planisphere with pamplet, 1819
Print of Chinese star map on thin paper, published by John Reeves Esquire at Canton, China, with pamphlet (19pp), 1819. Star map is labelled with star patterns and names recognised by Chinese astronomers.
Undershot water wheel used to power a paper mill in Pool-in-Wharfedale, near Leeds.
Budding's patent lawn mower, 1832.
Lawn mower, built by J. R and A. Ransomes of Ipswich to Edwin Budding's patent No.3157 of 1830
Moon by James Nasmyth
James Hall Nasmyth
Painted full face of the Moon by James Nasmyth, 1849. Painted on paper in seven sections, pasted onto a further paper support.
'Cholera Preventive Costume', print, England, 1832
Print. Lithograph, hand coloured, `Cholera preventive costume'. London, Published by T. McLean, 26, Haymarket, March 1832. ; Meifred, Lemercier & Co lithog, 24 Leicester Sq. 34x26.5cm. Caricature of useless preventatives featuring in the costume, india rubber, pitch plaster, a face mask and juniper berries... with commentary below image
Daguerreotype of the Moon in leather case
Daguerreotype of the Moon in leather case; (size 4 1/2" x 3 1/4"). M.F.H. Cat. No. 37. A daguerreotype of the moon taken in 1851 by John Adams Whipple (1822-1891) and George Phillips Bond (1825-1865). Whipple, working with Bond, the director of Harvard College Observatory, endeavoured (and eventually succeeded) in creating lunar daguerreotypes of a quality never seen before. Following several failed attempts, this successful photograph probably occurred after a slight adjustment the men made to the focus and resolution of the Harvard telescope. One of Whipple and Bond's lunar daguerreotypes was shown at the Great Exhibition of 1851 where it won a medal.
Letter, Isambard Kingdom Brunel to G.H. Wollaston, 13 February 1834
[Letter] 1834 Feb 13, 53 Parliament St. [to] G. H. Wollaston Esq. / I. K. Brunel. [Re the set of coloured plans of parts of the Great Western Railway (inv. 1948-43). 2p. on 1 leaf]
Cayley's 'Aerial Carriage', 1843.
Reproduction of Cayley's Proposed "Aerial Carriage", 1843
Pocket terrestrial and celestial globe
Pocket Terrestial Globe, 3" diameter, by John Bleuler, 1824, in fish-skin case, the inside of which constitutes a celestial globe, inscribed "BLUELER, 27, Ludgate Street, London, 1824".
Power loom weaving
Drawing. Power loom weaving [Swainson, Birley & Co cotton mill] / Thomas Allom, nd. [c1834]. pencil, pen, sepia and wash, 12x19cm. Original of a plate from Baines' History of cotton manufacture 1836. Huge machine room; overseer, women working
Model of McCormick's Reaper, 1831
Model (scale 1:6) of the original reaping machine built in 1831 by Cyrus H. McCormick.
Figure of Alexander Humboldt
Figure of Friedrich Heinrich Alexander Baron Humboldt (1769-1859) by C. Wolgast 1851. Bronze, 50cm high
Harvey demonstrating to King Charles I his theory of the circulation of the blood, print, London, England, 1851
Mezzotint, William Harvey demonstrating to King Charles I his theory of the circulation of the blood, by H Lemon after R Hannah, issued Lloyd Bros 25 March 1851