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Signal block bell, South Eastern Railway
Signalling & Telecommunications
Block bell, No 397, enamel plate attached reads "Train Signal System adopted by the South Eastern Railway Co, Charles Walker FRS Invent. International Exhibition 1862, Honorable Mention".
Brass lamp, part of cupping set
Brass lamp, part of cupping set made by Arnold of London, 1878
Miniature terrestrial globe by J. Manning. Late 19
Miniature terrestrial globe by J. Manning. Late 19th century
filings coherer, small glass tube with bulb at one end and cap of red sealing wax at other end, 1898
Filings coherer, small glass tube with bulb at one end and cap of red sealing wax at other end, designed or used by Sir Oliver Lodge, England 1898
Lenoir's gas engine, 1860
Heat Engines (non steam)
Two-stroke double-acting single cylinder gas engine, patented by Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir, France, 1860, and made by Reading Iron Works Limited, Reading, Berkshire, England, 1865. The first internal-combustion engine to be offered for sale, in 1860, Lenoir's engine was an ancestor of the engines in all road vehicles. The engine worked very like a simple double-acting steam-engine. At each stroke gas and air were drawn into the cylinder and fired by an electric spark; on the return stroke the burnt gases were flushed out. Several hundred of these engines were sold, and this one is a very rare survivor. It had been used to drive machinery in the workshop of the Patent Museum for about three years.
Caricature of an undertaker hoping for cholera, Europe, c. 1854
Print. lithograph, some col, caricaturing precautions in a cholera epidemic [c1840-1865]. 3. 'Hoping for the spread of the cholera' (a gleeful undertaker, in hat, news reports of deaths), image 10x7cm edged to 12x9cm. Framed together with /1, /2, 52x21x2cm
Poster advertising lectures on phrenology, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England, 1851
Lectures on phrenology, physiology, etc. April 3-10 1851. On yellow paper, 58x23cm. In frame, 64x28.5x2cm.
Poster for Magni & C. Vicenza, printed by G Ricordi & C Milano c1900
Poster, coloured lithograph, for Magni & C. Vicenza, printed by G Ricordi & C Milano c1900. On two sheets, image 98.5x71cm and text 52x72cm, together overlapping to150x72cm. [for long term preservation each part is conserved and edged, and framed separately]. Image of sower in field, sunburst; artist's name [I or M Beltrame?] br. Text panel advertising supplies and chemicals for agricultural purposes. Image frame, 107.5x78.5x2cm; text frame, 58.7x79.5x2cm.
View of the Britannia Tubular Bridge
Lithograph, coloured. View of the Britannia Tubular Bridge (opened 1850) over the Menai Strait, with the road Suspension Bridge of 1826 in background. [c1850]. Overall: trimmed to 27x46cm. Shipping below bridge includes paddlesteamer. In frame 42x60.5x2cm
Model steam locomotive, spirit fired live steam 'dribbler' 3
Model steam locomotive, spirit fired live steam 'dribbler' 3 inch gauge, Stevens' Model Dockyard 2-2-2.
Fergusson type speculum, England, 1871-1900
Speculum, vaginal, mirror interior, elastic gum covering, by Simpson, late 19th century, English, Fergusson type
Punched cards for Babbage's Analytical Engine
Computing & Data Processing
Experimental models and moulds from Charles Babbage's work on calculating machines
Eight brass toothed wheels with different numbers of teeth, on a central brass spindle, by William Ladd, London, England, 1870. Used in Savart's apparatus for producing sounds of known frequencies (see note).
Robert Paul's Cinematograph Camera No 2
Early Kinematograph apparatus by Robert Paul, London, 1896. One camera with continuous feed.
Model of a Jacquard loom
Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), unknown maker, 1867.
Lawson 'Bicyclette', 1879
Lawson's Bicyclette of 1879, (First step in the evolution of the modern safety cycle) with box of accessory items.
Shand Mason horse-drawn steam fire engine, "1894 S
Shand Mason horse-drawn steam fire engine, "1894 Southgate Borough Council", with one length of suction hose and strainer. Capable of pumping 350 gallons of water in 1 min to a height of 160 ft.
Moon by James Nasmyth
James Hall Nasmyth
Painted full face of the Moon by James Nasmyth, 1849. Painted on paper in seven sections, pasted onto a further paper support.
Nasmyth reflecting telescope on turntable stand, 1850-1852
Reflecting telescope, 20-inch aperture with speculum mirror and altazimuth mounting, by James Nasmyth at Patricroft, Manchester, England, 1850-1852. Later the instrument was moved to ‘Hammerhurst’, Nasmyth’s new home at Penshurst, Kent, when he retired from industry in 1856. (see note)
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator, with spare guide ring and fan, by Clarke, Chapman, Parsons & Co.,1884
Snuffbox in the form of a ram's head, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1881-1882
Snuff mull in form of ram's head, on three coasters, two compartments with silver gilt lids, Scottish, 1881-1882
paper tensile tester
Pocket-sized paper tensile tester made in Germany and supplied by H.Bertram and Co., London.
Telescoped sample of shore end Persian Gulf Cable, 1863
Telescoped sample of shore end Persian Gulf Cable, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, North Woolwich, London, England, 1863
Hammer, part of post-mortem set
Anatomy & Pathology
Steel hammer with wooden scale tong handle, part of post-mortem set by S. Maw and Son, English, 1860-1870
Knife blades, part of post-mortem set
Anatomy & Pathology
Two knife blades, part of post-mortem set by S. Maw and Son, English, 1860-1870
Tailboard, North Eastern Railway
Locomotives and Rolling Stock Components
Tailboard, North Eastern Railway, "Train Following/Return to Saltburn No.5" (Oblong metal, c.1880)
Small wares loom, made by T. Larmuth & Co., Manchester, around 1860.
Chicle gum in specimen jar
Materia Medica & Pharmacology
Jar of chicle or chewing gum, from Central America, 1850-1900
Cut glass bottle with deeply incised decoration, monogrammed MM
Cut glass bottle with deeply incised decoration, monogrammed MM, outer stopper missing, probably for smelling salts, part of Chalmers collection, English, 1860
Bottle for tincture of cinchona
Bottle, clear glass with stopper, trace contents, for composite tincture of cinchona, English, late 19th century
Nested cupping glasses
Two nested cupping glasses, part of cupping set made by Arnold of London, 1878
Model Draw Door Weir, 1872
Water Supply Metering
1872 (original); 1909 (model)
Model (scale 1:2) of weir of draw door type, as used on the upper Thames; constructed from drawings lent by the Conservators of the River Thames
Scarificator from cupping set
Scarificator, brass, part of cupping set made by Arnold of London, 1878
Filings coherer, Lodge pattern, 1895-1900
Filings coherer, Lodge pattern, with two wires inserted into bulb at one end, of the type designed or used by Sir Oliver Lodge, England, 1895-1900
Foot x-ray photograph by George Hugh Gabb
Foot x-ray photograph taken by George Hugh Gabb, 15 February 1896.
Electric Oil Break Fuse
Electric oil break fuse, made by S. Z. de Ferranti Ltd, 1898.
Photographic print of early x-ray
Photographic print of early X-rays taken by E E Brooks (pocket watch with chain), 1896-1900.
Series of Photographs Showing Phases of Movement of a Running Man
Albumen print chronophotograph showing phases of movement of a running man, by Étienne-Jules Marey, c 1892.
Scalpel handle, part of post-mortem set
Anatomy & Pathology
Handle for use with disposable scalpel blades, by Bard-Parker, part of post-mortem set by S. Maw and Son, English, 1860-1870
Wood-working brace drill, with button-operated latch chuck, 1875-1885
Hand and Machine Tools
Wood-working brace drill, with button-operated latch chuck, unsigned, England, 1875-1885. This is an early example of the brace which replaced the bow drill because it is easier to manipulate than the bow and there is no idle return movement. The speed of rotation is slower but the turning force (moment) is greater and a different form of bit (drill piece) taking a heavier cut was used. This is fitted with a button type of chuck used from the latter half of the 18th Century. However, the style features in 20th Century tool catalogues.
Two-needle telegraph, made by William Reid & Co., London, 1846 and used on the Preston & Wyre Railway.
Telescoped sample of twin-core shore end cable used at Bushehr in the Persian Gulf Cable, 1863
Telescoped sample of twin-core shore end used at Bushehr (Bushire) in the laying of the Persian Gulf Cable, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, North Woolwich, London, England, 1863
Short sample of shore end Persian Gulf Cable, 1863
Short sample of shore end Persian Gulf Cable, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, North Woolwich, London, England, 1863
Hand printing block
Hand printing block, pattern C7415, made by Stead McAlpin & Co. Ltd, Carlisle c.1840.
Telephone transmitter with induction coil, made by David Moseley & Sons, Manchester, c.1885.
Granular carbon-type telephone transmitter
Granular carbon type telephone transmitter, made by David Moseley & Sons, Manchester, c.1890.
Drawing instrument set
Set of drawing instruments, made by A. G. Thornton, Manchester, around 1890.
Half-plate folding-tailboard camera, made by W. I. Chadwick, Manchester, c. 1860 and with lens made by J. B. Dancer, who sold the camera.