Object type
Oral history interview with David Russell, conducted and recorded by Frank Paterson at the National Railway Museum, York on 1 October 2018. Duration: 2 hr. 25 min. 44 sec. Early career; Paddington Senior Technical Officer; troubleshooting Old Oak Common 1964 Assistant to Depot Engineer; Quality Control Engineer Old Oak Common 1966; working with contractors; Cardiff Canton 1967; Area Maintenance Engineer Old Oak Common 1970; staff shortages; Divisional Maintenance Engineer King's Cross 1973; preparation for Great Northern (GN) electrification; Class 43 High Speed Train (HST) replacing Class 55 Deltics; Regional Traction Engineer British Rail: Eastern Region 1976; HST; Freight Engineer Derby 1982; sectorisation; scale of business; range of locomotive types; Class 56; design concepts; Class 58; British/American design approach differences; Foster Yeoman; proposal to Director Freight for own locomotives; American locomotive procurement agreement process; contract signed for first Class 59s 20 November 1984; comparisons with British locomotives; delivery; maintenance staff seconded to Foster Yeoman; first Class 59 hauled train February 1986; further Class 59 imports; success criteria; Class 59 lessons not applied; Class 60 contract awarded to Brush; John Welsby; Class 60 development; late delivery; freight business reorganisation for privatisation; Director Railfreight Distribution; retirement; Head of Engineering Mendip Rail; created a licenced Vehicle Acceptance Body for heritage locomotives and carriages; processes and procedures outlined

David Russell interviewed by Frank Paterson

Oral Histories


Oral history interview with Michael Lee, conducted and recorded by David Wharton-Street (session1) at the interviewee's home in Hertfordshire on 15 May 2019. Duration: 2 hr. 53 min. 12 sec. Early career; Operational Research; British Rail Engineering Inventory Control; traffic forecasting for small bore version of Channel Tunnel; development and implementation of Operational Research Computerised Allocation of Tickets to Services (ORCATS); sectorisation made possible; Serpell Report; challenged by British Rail (BR); forecasting passenger train loadings and revenue; introduction of Class 43 High Speed train (HST); Age of the Train advertising; InterCity service modelling; move to Network SouthEast (NSE) as Economic Survey Officer; change in passenger loadings; London and South East travelcards; Central London Rail Study; Thameslink; Crossrail; Monopolies & Mergers Commission (M&MC) inquiry into NSE; monitoring passenger satisfaction; second inquiry; Service Route Manager; negotiating with Southern Region management who delivered service; interface between General Manager Southern Region and NSE; Organising for Quality (OfQ); Sub-Sector Planning & Marketing Manager; Head of Strategic Planning NSE; train operating units (TOUs); Office of Passenger Rail Franchising (OPRAF); structure; liaison with BR and Department for Transport (DfT); development of Passenger Service Requirement (PSR) policy; Save Our Railways; passenger transport executives (PTEs); fares regulation; Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC); Rail Settlement Plan (RSP); fares and franchising; subsidy; types of franchise bidders

Michael Lee interviewed by David Wharton Street (session 1 of 2)

Oral Histories


Oral history interview with Richard Brown, conducted and recorded by Chris Kinchin-Smith at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Birdcage Walk, London on 3 July 2019. Duration: 1 hr. 21 min. 19 sec. Early career; Personal Assistant to Jim O’Brien and Geoff Myers (British Rail (BR) Joint Managing Directors); Business Planning Manager Intercity 1985-1988; sectorisation; Cyril Bleasdale; John Prideaux; InterCity required to eliminate subsidy by 1988; InterCity Manager West Coast Main Line (WCML) 1988; Organising for Quality (OfQ); relationships with British Rail: London Midland Region; investment in infrastructure over tilting trains; Director InterCity for Midland Main Line (MML) and CrossCountry; leadership challenges; staff attitudes towards privatisation; success of vertical integration; relationships with Railtrack; management buyout (MBO); elected first Chairman of Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC); MBO bid unsuccessful; management transferred on to work with National Express; reasons for MBO bid failure; appointed Chief Executive National Express Trains Division; acquisition of Prism train operating companies (TOCs); ensuring strong management team for each TOC; appointed to National Express Board as Group Commercial Director; relationship with Strategic Rail Authority (SRA); Alastair Moreton; Richard Bowker; TOC and parent companies development; First Group; comparison of TOCs over time; Network Rail; recommendations from the Department for Transport (DfT)’s Brown Report into TOC franchising; South Western Railway (SWR); Williams Review; Transport for London (TfL) concession model; reflections on Railtrack and Network Rail; comparisons with working at Eurostar; High Speed 1 project management; European franchising models; reflections on career; environmental initiatives

Richard Brown interviewed by Chris Kinchin-Smith

Oral Histories


Oral history interview with Mark Causebrook, conducted and recorded by Theo Steel at the interviewee's home in Northampton on 17 June 2018. Duration: 3 hr. 4 min. 28 sec. Planning Office British Rail: London Midland Region London Division; Staff Entrant Management Trainee; traffic management; Rocket 150 celebrations; Motorail Kensington Olympia closure; preparing for Thameslink coal management unit; miners' strike; privatisation of subsidiaries; British Rail Engineering Limited (BREL); British Transport Hotels; investigating General Electric (GE) and General Motors (GM) freight locomotives; Regional Railways North East (RRNE); TransPennine; matrix management; John Edmonds (Director Regional Railways); Transport Users Consultative Committee (TUUC); West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (WYPTE); Class 14x Pacers; stopping single tracking; Settle & Carlisle line closure; Leadership 500; Sector Director Regional Railways Central (RRC); scale of operations; leadership team; staff relationships and pay; vertical integration; opinions on RRC; Class 158; 1992 election; separation of track and trains; profit centres; train operating units (TOUs); privatisation process; First Group and National Express bids; Centro/West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive (WMPTE); Dean Finch; National Express Central bid cost reductions; Passenger Service Requirement (PSR); Railtrack/Network Rail; National Express finances; joining Go Ahead; Thameslink; London Bridge issues; work with First Class Partnerships (FCP); rolling stock companies (ROSCOs)

Mark Causebrook interviewed by Theo Steel

Oral Histories


Oral history interview with Raymond Price conducted and recorded by Philip Benham in York on 2 August 2018. Duration: 4 hr. 59 min. 38 sec. Early career; Performance Manager King’s Cross; performance of Great Northern (GN) electrics following driver only operation (DOO) and industrial relations tensions; Area Operations Manager; Organising for Quality (OfQ); sectorisation; privatisation process and phasing; separation of track and trains; Railtrack senior management; Performance Manager West Anglia & Great Northern (WAGN); management down-sizing for privatisation; Railtrack signalling strike; track access agreements; Railtrack East Coast Main Line Route Rationalisation programme; Network Change provisions; preparation of WAGN for privatisation; limited productivity opportunities; WAGN driver re-structuring; trade union attitudes to privatisation; Associated Society of Locomotive Enginemen & Firemen (ASLEF); Rail Maritime & Transport Union (RMT); reasons for WAGN driver re-structuring failure; working on Heathrow Express project; recruitment to Railtrack; Michael Holden; train operating company (TOC) concerns about condition of infrastructure; appointment as Zone Director 1999; Winning is Green; West Anglia Route Modernisation scheme (WARM); relationships with TOC management; performance budget use; Rail Regulator as real Railtrack customer; Southall accident; Paddington accident; Ladbroke Grove accident; signals passed at danger (SPADs) management; Hatfield accident; gauge causing cracking (GCC); replacement of GCC rails; legacy of GCC on Railtrack; safety culture change; relationships with other bodies such as Health & Safety Executive (HSE); Managing Director (MD) Arriva Trains Northern (ATN); passenger transport executives (PTEs); franchise takeover; ATN driver shortage; relationship with Strategic Rail Authority (SRA); RMT conductors dispute; Class 333 issues; differences between Railtrack/Network Rail and TOCs; Northern timetable crisis 2018; successes of ATN; skills gap; Northern franchise shape; Managing Director Arriva Trains 2003; industry structure

Raymond Price interviewed by Philip Benham

Oral Histories


Oral history interview with Paul Watkinson, conducted and recorded by David Maidment in Oxfordshire on 11 August 2020. Duration: 1 hr. 18 min. 33 sec. Early career; industrial relations issues 1984-1986; strike 1989; developing privatisation alongside John Welsby and Tony Roche in reference to personnel issues; re-structuring negotiating machinery from 1956; impact of Clapham accident; Organising for Quality (OfQ); pay dispute 1989; High Court judgement; strikes; settlement; changes in industrial relations processes; businesses take on industrial relations responsibilities from British Rail (BR) Headquarters; industrial relations processes change facilitated privatisation; General Election 1992; control of privatisation process at British Railways Board (BRB); industrial relations during privatisation; protection for staff agreed; video for staff; Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen (ASLEF) support; Transport Salaried Staffs' Association (TSSA) support; National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT) against but saw no choice; working with Office of Passenger Rail Franchising (OPRAF) and government; working team responsible for implementing privatisation; ensuring train operating companies (TOCs) have competent teams; ensuring TOCs understand responsibilities; Roger Salmon; John Swift; signalling strike 1994; Railtrack lack of dispute handling experience; driver agreement restructuring; reflections

Paul Watkinson interviewed by David Maidment

Oral Histories