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CO2 gas-powered artificial arms, Roehampton, England, 1963
Early pair of CO2 gas powered prostheses for a very young child born with very short upper limbs (phocomelia) due to Thalidomide. Plastic arms and forearms with spade-like hands. Friction joints permitting abduction and rotation at the shoulders and rotation and flexion at the elbows respectively. The limbs were positioned by an Occupational Therapist and fixed by tightening the large slotted screws, with the aid of a coin. When the two elbows are set at 900 and the front valve is activated the hands come together. Likewise the hands part when the rear valve is activated. Each valve is connected, by a nylon cord, to a leather waist belt (or lower limb prostheses if worn). Forward bending of the trunk opens the rear valve and the reverse movement causes the front valve to operate. N.B. Limbs such as these, were worn for short training periods each day until the child could progress to more sophisticated prostheses. Made by Steeper 1963.
Crash helmet, made for child affected by the drug thalidomide
'Crash helmet', used by Eddie Freeman, a child affected by the drug thalidomide, made at The Limb Fitting Centre, London, 1967-1972
Lower limb prostheses for child
A pair of lower limb prostheses for a Thalidomide affected child who was born with complete absence of upper limbs (amelia) and phocomelic lower limbs (absent femora, absent tibiae. Fibulae and feet present with additional toes). Blocked leather sockets, embracing both hips and buttocks, open ended to allow the natural feet to hang free. Well padded rigid pelvic bands. Non-jointed dural side struts to wooden feet with imitation shoe covering. Soles are completely flat to aid balance. Note the valve housings on both sockets, these were positioned to permit the natural toes to control valves which operated CO2 wrist rotation units and terminal devices on her upper limb prostheses. A CO2 gas cylinder is located in the left prosthesis. Made by Hanger in 1966.
Pair of artificial legs for a child affected by the drug thalidomide
Pair of artificial legs, used by Eddie Freeman, a child affected by the drug thalidomide, made at the Roehampton Limb Fitting Centre, London, 1967-1972
Telescopic 'dressing sticks'
Two telescopic 'dressing sticks', designed for use by completely armless (amelic) people or those with very short arms (phocomelia), with an S-shaped tip which can be located in a trouser zip, held in the mouths of amelic people, or in the hands or people with short arms, also used to pull-up trousers and tuck-in shirt tails, originally made from a telescopic car aerial and stethoscope tubing, originally designed by Dr. Ian Fletcher in 1959, modifed by Steeper c. 1968.
Prosthetic Potato holder
Potato holder, fitted with 4 prongs, can also be used to hold bread, meat or vegatables etc., and can be dismantled for cleaning, by Steeper, 1998.
Artificial arm, Roehampton, England, 1964
Pair of CO2 powered upper limb prostheses for a 12 year old boy who lost both arms, above the elbow, at 8 years of age. Leather sockets with valves mounted for stump control, to activate powered wrist rotation units. Body-powered split-hooks by means of Bowden cables, routed to outer side of each arm. Compound pulley device for elbow lock control. 31 gramme CO2 gas cylinder in leather holster, carried on trouser belt. Made by Steeper 1964.
Artificial right leg, Roehampton, England, 1934
Metal right above knee prosthesis, evidence of attempts to repair the socket. Made by Hanger in 1934.
Pair of non-articulated metal legs for a male Thalidomide affected teenager
Pair of non-articulated metal legs for a male Thalidomide affected teenager with short lower limbs and short upper limbs (phocomelia), by Hanger Orthopaedic Group, Roehampton, Wandsworth, London, England, 1975. Blocked leather sockets with a front velcro flap (to facilitate the insertion of the respective feet). Adjustable feet-retaining straps are used to overcome the 'piston' action when walking. Rigid pelvic bands with hip joints and 'ring-catch' locks have been fitted. To aid stability the wooden feet have completely flat soles and a leather imitation shoe covering. N.B. The projecting bars on the hip locks have been fitted to facilitate their operation by the child's rudimentary hands and arms.
Artificial arms, Roehampton, England, 1957-1967
Pair of light-weight arms for a young child with congenital bilateral above elbow stumps. Plastic sockets with friction elbow units, allowing rotation and elbow flexion. These movements may be freed or locked by loosening or tightening the side screw. A pair of dolls hands have been attached. Made by Steeper c.1962.
Pair of artificial arms for a child, Roehampton, England, 1964
Pair of CO2 gas powered prostheses for a Thalidomide affected child with complete absence of upper limbs (amelia). Valves are sited over both shoulders and activated by the acromion processes. Friction shoulder and elbow joints, for passive positioning. There is a powered right split-hook and wrist rotation unit and a passive left wrist unit with a powered split-hook. Elbow flexion is achieved by means of a perlon cord passing through a pulley and attached to a waist belt. Groin straps are necessary to prevent the belt from riding upwards in a very young child. Made by Steeper 1964.
Artificial legs, Roehampton, England, 1949
First pair of lower limb prostheses supplied to a boy 2¼ years old. He was born with complete absence of both lower limbs. The sockets are made of certalmid and fitted with round peg ends. Made by Hanger on 25 April 1949. (Weight: 9 oz 255 gm).
Artificial arm, Roehampton, England, 1965-1975
One-piece forearm and foam hand for a young child with a congenital left below elbow deficiency. The prosthesis has a plastic socket with a 'cushlon' and velcro above-elbow cuff suspension. Two-tone plastic cosmetic glove. Made by Steeper c. 1970.
Pair of lower limb prostheses, Roehampton, England, 1959
First pair of lower limb prostheses made for a 2 year old girl who was born with bilateral above elbow stumps and absence of both lower limbs (amelia). The sockets are made of 'durestos' and are mounted on short round peg ends with rubber soles. Made by Hanger in 1959.
Artificial left leg, Roehampton, England, 1926
Artificial left leg, leather and duralumin alloy, English, by Hanger, dated 1926
Artificial leg, Roehampton, England, 1961
Longer, non-articulated legs for a 4 year old girl who was born with bilateral above elbow stumps and absence of both lower limbs (amelia). 'Rocker' ends have been fitted. Made by Hanger in 1961.
Artificial bootees, Roehampton, England, 1965-1975
Pair of stout leather bootees supplied to a Thalidomide affected child with lower limb phocomelia, to protect the prominent lateral malleoli when lower limbs were not being worn, thus allowing the child to shuffle about in or outside the house. Made by Hanger c.1970.
'Sitting socket' mounted on a toy dog, Roehampton, England, 1966
"Sitting socket" made of durestos and mounted on a toy dog. Designed for a child from 6 - 12 months of age, born with extremely short lower limbs (phocomelia). Can also be supplied for an infant with total absence of lower limbs, to enable them to sit erect and learn to maintain this posture. Made by Hanger in 1966.
Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier at Roehampton
31 May 1949
Daily Herald contact sheet print by Jones titled 'Theatrical Garden Party at Roehampton', dated 31 May 1949. Image shows Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier at the Theatrical Garden Party in aid of The Actors' Orphanage.
Artificial foot (model), right foot, aluminium ank
Artificial foot (model), right foot, aluminium ankle, made by Hanger, English, 1920-1960
Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier at Theatrical Garden Party
31 May 1949
PA Reuter photograph titled "Roll, bowl, or pitch". Caption on back reads: Armed with megaphone, Vivien Leigh attracts custom to the "Aunt Sally" sideshow at the Theatrical Garden party today (Tuesday), while Sir Laurence Olivier holds the missiles aloft. Held at the Roehampton Club, in aid of the Actors' Orphanage, the garden party was attended by scores of stage, screen and radio 'stars'. Members of the general public, of course, were particuarly interested in the fashions.