Brass divination bowl, Middle East, 1801-1900

Made:
1801-1900 in Middle East
maker:
Unknown
Engraved brass divination bowl, Persian or Palestinian, 19th century. Top view, graduated matt black perspex background.

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Engraved brass divination bowl, Persian or Palestinian, 19th century. Top view, graduated matt black perspex background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Engraved brass magical-medicinal bowl with a central elevation, shape derived from the ancient Greek phiala, Persian, 18th or 19th century. Excellent example of the most common form of such bowls. Inscriptions include the Throne Verse, a 3x3 magic square repeated 12 times, and a large 6-pointed star on the reverse, probably the 'Seal of Solomon'.

Divination was used in medicine to try to determine the cause of an illness and to give some indication as to suitable treatments. This divination bowl may have been used by interpreting the reflection of light on its sides. Other divination methods include casting stones or studying the entrails of a sacrificed animal and interpreting the patterns made.

This brass bowl is engraved with inscriptions using Arabic script. Some of these are from the Qur’an. On the underneath of the bowl there is the Star of David, a six-pointed star connected with the Jewish faith. This mix of Jewish and Muslim religious symbols is not so surprising when we find out that the bowl was purchased in 1935 in Jerusalem, a holy place for Islam, Judaism and Christianity. It is not known where this bowl was made although Persia (modern day Iran) or Palestine in the Middle East seem likely.

Details

Category:
Ethnography and Folk Medicine
Object Number:
A155162
type:
magical-medicinal bowl
taxonomy:
  • divination object
credit:
On loan from the Wellcome Trust