Vaccine thermometer for use in maintaining the cold chain, England, 1994

Made:
1994 in Cumbria
maker:
S Brannan and Sons Limited

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Two of ten Vaccine Cold Chain Monitor Cards, with instructions in English, which irreversibly change colour if exposed
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Caption: Vaccine Thermometer, model 66/380/0, for use in maintenance of the cold chain, approved by UNICEF and the
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Vaccine Thermometer, model 66/380/0, for use in maintenance of the cold chain, approved by UNICEF and the World Health Organisation for use in the Expanded Programme on Immunisation. Manufactured by S. Brannon & Sons Ltd, Cumbria, England, and supplied by the UNICEF Supply Division, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1994

Vaccines need to be kept below certain temperatures to remain effective. To prevent them from spoiling when being transported over long distances and in hot climates, a ‘cold chain’ system is established. This refers to the various means by which the vaccine is kept cool – from when it leaves the laboratory to when it is needed for use. This thermometer was developed to monitor the temperature of a mobile cold unit made for use in areas lacking the electrical supply needed for more conventional refrigerators.

Made by S Brannan & Sons Ltd, this thermometer was approved for use in the Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) run by UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Fund) and the WHO (World Health Organisation). The EPI aims to vaccinate the world’s children against the biggest childhood killers, such as diphtheria. When the programme was launched in 1974, fewer than five per cent of children were vaccinated. Today that figure is eighty per cent.

Details

Category:
Public Health & Hygiene
Object Number:
1994-145
Materials:
plastic (unidentified), possible mercury
type:
thermometer
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • measuring device - instrument
  • furnishing and equipment
  • measuring device - instrument
  • drug
credit:
UNICEF Supply Division

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