Robert Paul's Theatrograph Projector No 2 Mark 1

1896 in London
Robert William Paul

Early Paul Kinematograph apparatus, 35mm Theatrograph projector, No 2, mark 1 and pedestal. Replicas of lamphouse, driving handle, film spool and lens system, 1896.

The first commercial 35mm projector to be produced in Britain. Paul first demonstrated his Theatrograph projector at Finsbury Technical College, London on 20 February 1896, the same day as the preview showing of the Cinématographe Lumière in London. This is the second, improved model, patented on 2 March 1896, which originally sold for £80. Over 100 were produced and sold. With its intermittent motion provided by sprocket rollers driven by a Maltese Cross mechanism, this machine formed the prototype for the modern film projector. Paul designed and made five different models of his Theatrograph before quitting the film business in 1910.


Object Number:
aluminium alloy, brass (copper, zinc alloy), cardboard, cast iron, glass, steel (metal), tin (metal), velvet and wood (unidentified)
pedestal (apx): 990 mm x 440 mm x 440 mm,
projector: 400 mm x 330 mm x 690 mm,
theatrograph projector
  • furnishing and equipment
  • tools & equipment
  • photographic equipment
The National Media Museum, Bradford

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