Grand Junction Railway locomotive 'Columbine'

Made:
1845 in Crewe railway works
designer:
Alexander Allan
maker:
Grand Junction Railway
Grand Junction Railway locomotive 'Columbine' (steam locomotive) Grand Junction Railway locomotive 'Columbine' (steam locomotive)

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Steam locomotive and tender, Grand Junction Railway, (London & North Western Railway), 2-2-2 No 49, "Columbine", designed by Alexander Allen, built at Crewe Works in 1845, withdrawn in 1902, cab separated from locomotive.

This locomotive was the first example of the standard ‘Crewe’-type engine with 6ft diameter driving wheels. Many of the early locomotives had inside cylinders, driving on to a crank axle which was a source of weakness. W B Buddicom and Francis Trevithick (son of Richard) accordingly developed the outside cylinder design which influenced British locomotive thinking for more than forty years. The locomotive has had its cab removed so that it appears as it did in the early 1870s.

Details

Category:
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Object Number:
1975-7016
Measurements:
overall: 18ton
type:
steam locomotive
credit:
British Rail, Clapham

Parts

Columbine

Columbine

Cab, from steam locomotive and tender, Grand Junction Railway, (London & North Western Railway), 2-2-2 No 49, "Columbine", designed by Alexander Allen, built at Crewe Works in 1845, withdrawn in 1902.

Object Number:
1975-7016/1
type:
locomotive cab
Bolts from 'Columbine'

Bolts from 'Columbine'

Bolts from steam locomotive and tender, Grand Junction Railway, (London & North Western Railway), 2-2-2 No 49, "Columbine", designed by Alexander Allen, built at Crewe Works in 1845, withdrawn in 1902.

Object Number:
1975-7016/3
type:
bolts
Grand Junction Railway locomotive 'Columbine'

Grand Junction Railway locomotive 'Columbine'

Steam locomotive, Grand Junction Railway, (London & North Western Railway), 2-2-2 No 49, "Columbine", designed by Alexander Allen, built at Crewe Works in 1845, withdrawn in 1902.


This locomotive was the first example of the standard ‘Crewe’-type engine with 6ft diameter driving wheels. Many of the early locomotives had inside cylinders, driving on to a crank axle which was a source of weakness. W B Buddicom and Francis Trevithick (son of Richard) accordingly developed the outside cylinder design which influenced British locomotive thinking for more than forty years. The locomotive has had its cab removed so that it appears as it did in the early 1870s.

Object Number:
1975-7016/4
type:
steam locomotive