Marconi - BBC ribbon microphone

Made:
c.1940
maker:
Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company Limited

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Musuem

Marconi - B.B.C. ribbon microphone type AXBT no. 297369/11780A

B.B.C. Marconi AXBT ribbon microphone, made by Marconi's Wireless Telegraphy Company Limited.

The AXBT microphone was the fourth generation of Marconi’s ‘Type A’ microphones. Used widely by the BBC from the 1930s onwards, the Type A came to symbolise the BBC. The development of the Type A followed from a similar ribbon microphone that was already in use in the United States, developed by the RCA Corporation. However, it was too expensive for the BBC to buy in the RCA microphones so as an alternative they worked with the Marconi company to develop their own example. There was some concern that the Type A had infringed patents for the RCA ribbon microphone, but these were overcome. The ribbon microphone was good in studio situations, and the AXBT featured improvements to the original designs that made the microphone very sensitive and especially good for use with voice.

Details

Category:
Radio Communication
Object Number:
1960-125
Materials:
copper plated, metal (unknown) and plastic (unidentified)
type:
microphone
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • tools & equipment
  • audio equipment
credit:
British Broadcasting Corporation

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