Electro-Convulsive Therapy mouth gags

Made:
1950-1990 in Hertfordshire
maker:
Elpro UK Limited
Electro-Convulsive Therapy mouth gags (mouth gag)

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Rubber electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) mouth gags, comprising four gags by Ectron and one by Elprotect, used at St. Francis Psychiatric Hospital, 1950-1990. Some teeth marks are visible.

Rubber mouth gags protected patients from harming themselves during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). This psychiatric treatment was developed in Italy in 1938. It applied electric currents to the brain in timed pulses, causing a convulsion or seizure. It was thought possible to 'shock' a patient out of a severe mental disorder. From the 1930s until the 1980s, physicians thought the key to effective ECT was the severity of the seizure. Patients who choose ECT today are given a muscle relaxant. This means the electricity affects their brain but not their body. The gags were inserted into the mouth to stop the patient biting or swallowing his or her tongue. These examples were donated by St Francis Hospital, formerly Brighton County Borough Asylum. The scratch marks indicate they were well used.

Details

Category:
Psychology, Psychiatry & Anthropometry
Object Number:
1996-271/22
Materials:
rubber
Measurements:
overall: 25 mm x 120 mm x 10 mm, .05kg
type:
mouth gag
credit:
Princess Royal Hospital

Parts

Rubber mouth gag

Rubber mouth gag

Rubber electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) mouth gag by Ectron used at St. Francis Psychiatric Hospital, 1950-1990. Some teeth marks are visible.

Measurements:
overall: 10 mm x 120 mm x 25 mm, .06 kg
Materials:
rubber
Object Number:
1996-271/22/1
type:
mouth gag
Electro-Convulsive Therapy mouthgag

Electro-Convulsive Therapy mouthgag

Orange, wedge-shaped electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) mouth gag by Elprotect, Sweden, used at St. Francis Psychiatric Hospital, 1950-1990. Distortion is most likely due to natural decay of rubber rather than during usage.

Materials:
rubber (unidentified)
Object Number:
1996-271/22/2
type:
mouth gag
Rubber mouth gag

Rubber mouth gag

Rubber electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) mouth gag by Ectron used at St. Francis Psychiatric Hospital, 1950-1990. Some teeth marks are visible.

Measurements:
overall: 10 mm x 120 mm x 25 mm, .04 kg
Materials:
rubber
Object Number:
1996-271/22/3
type:
mouth gag
Rubber mouth gag

Rubber mouth gag

Rubber electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) mouth gag by Ectron used at St. Francis Psychiatric Hospital, 1950-1990. Some teeth marks are visible.

Measurements:
overall: 25 mm x 120 mm x 10 mm, .5kg
Materials:
rubber
Object Number:
1996-271/22/4
type:
mouth gag
Rubber mouth gag

Rubber mouth gag

Rubber electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) mouth gag by Ectron used at St. Francis Psychiatric Hospital, 1950-1990. Some teeth marks are visible.

Measurements:
overall: 25 mm x 120 mm x 10 mm, .5kg
Materials:
rubber
Object Number:
1996-271/22/5
type:
mouth gag