Applied Biosystems 370A Prototype Automated DNA Gene Sequencer, by Applied Biosystems Inc., Foster City, San Mateo county, California, United States, 1987
Determining the sequence of bases in a small length of DNA was achieved in the 1970s. This machine, developed in 1987, automates the time-consuming process. The sequence is read by a laser and appears on screen or on a print out. The machine uses the Sanger method, named after Frederick Sanger (b. 1918), a British biochemist who first determined a process for DNA sequencing. This work won him his second Nobel Prize, in 1980.