aerial inductances, 1901

Made:
1901 in Chelmsford
maker:
Marconi Company Limited

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Four aerial inductances, wired together, used in Newfoundland in series with the balloon and kite aerials for tuning to the Poldhu (Cornwall) transmitted wavelength for the first wireless communication across the Atlantic, probably made by Marconi's Wireless Telegraphy Company, Chelmsford, Essex, England, December 1901.

In December 1901 Guglielmo Marconi claimed to have received wireless telegraphy signals in Newfoundland transmitted across the Atlantic from Poldhu in Cornwall, UK. Because no inked record could be made of the received signals, commentators were initially sceptical until Marconi achieved something very similar in front of independent witnesses a few months later. These aerial inductance coils were used for tuning the receiving aerial in Newfoundland. This was suspended from balloons and kites after the fixed aerial masts were destroyed in a gale. Whether they were actually in the aerial circuit when the signals were heard is difficult to judge because the detector eventually used required an untuned circuit.

Details

Category:
Radio Communication
Object Number:
1923-434/8
Materials:
cardboard, copper (alloy), textile and wax
type:
inductor
taxonomy:
  • component - object
credit:
Donated by the Institution of Electrical Engineers