Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson

Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock) Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock) Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock) Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock) Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock) Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock) Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock) Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock) Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock) Astronomical clock by Samuel Watson (Spring driven pendulum clock)

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Astronomical clock, made by Samuel Watson, London, about 1695. in ebonised case with one cranked winding key and two door keys.

This astronomical clock, signed by Samuel Watson, London, and made about 1695, is the earliest English astronomical clock in which the sun is fixed on the Copernican principle. In addition to the time of day, its dial indicates the date, the position of the Sun in the Zodiac, the phase of the Moon and its latitude (important for eclipse predicitons), and the times of sunrise and of moonrise and moonset; and the time of high tide at London Bridge. Samuel Watson was born in Coventry about 1635 and worked there until about 1690, when he moved to London. He died about 1710. He made a more elaborate astronomical clock between 1683 and 1690 for King Charles II and it is still part of the Royal Collection.

Details

Category:
Time Measurement
Object Number:
1970-25
Measurements:
Overall: 970 mm x 540 mm x 340 mm, 31 kg
type:
spring driven pendulum clock
credit:
Sotheby and Compan

Parts

Pedestal astronomical clock by Samuel Watson

Pedestal astronomical clock by Samuel Watson

Pedestal astronomical clock by Samuel Watson, London, England, in ebonised case, with one cranked winding key and two door keys, 1690-1710.

Time Measurement gallery label: ASTRONOMICAL CLOCK A pedestal clock, signed Samuel Watson, London, and made about 1695. It is the earliest English astronomical clock in which the sun is fixed, on the Copernican principle, and it shows, besides the time of day, the date, the position of the sun in the Zodiac, the phase of the moon and its latitude (important for eclipse predicitons), and the times of sunrise and of moonrise and moonset; the time of high tide at London Bridge can also be read off. Samuel Watson was born in Coventry about 1635 and worked there until about 1690, when he moved to London. He died about 1710. A much more elaborate astronomical clock was made by Watson over the period 1683 to 1690, to the order of King Charles II; this clock is now in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle.

Measurements:
Overall: 1000 mm x 570 mm x 340 mm, 31 kg
Materials:
brass (copper, zinc alloy) , bronze (copper, tin alloy) , wood (unidentified) , glass and steel (metal)
Object Number:
1970-25 Pt1
type:
spring driven pendulum clock
Cranked winding key and two door keys

Cranked winding key and two door keys

Cranked winding key and two door keys, for Pedestal astronomical clock by Samuel Watson, London, in ebonised case 1690-1710

Time Measurement gallery label: ASTRONOMICAL CLOCK A pedestal clock, signed Samuel Watson, London, and made about 1695. It is the earliest English astronomical clock in which the sun is fixed, on the Copernican principle, and it shows, besides the time of day, the date, the position of the sun in the Zodiac, the phase of the moon and its latitude (important for eclipse predicitons), and the times of sunrise and of moonrise and moonset; the time of high tide at London Bridge can also be read off. Samuel Watson was born in Coventry about 1635 and worked there until about 1690, when he moved to London. He died about 1710. A much more elaborate astronomical clock was made by Watson over the period 1683 to 1690, to the order of King Charles II; this clock is now in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle.

Object Number:
1970-25 Pt3
type:
key