Gramophone Company Limited


HMV trademark acquired in 1899 by the Gramophone Company from artist Francis Barraud; began using trademark on British phonogram recordings in 1908; British subsiduary of The Gramophone Co Ltd; in 1921 the Gramophone Company opened the first HMV shop in London; in 1927 HMV produced it's first electric gramophone; in 1929 RCA bought Victor, and with it a major shareholding in the Gramophone Company which Victor had owned since 1920; HMV the Gramophone Company acquired Marconiphone in 1929; 1931 merged with Colombia to form Electric and Musical Industries (EMI); in 1957 EMI ceased making domestic products under the HMV name and sold the brand names HMV and Marconiphone to Ferguson, who started to make products branded with these names sold by a new Thorn subsidiary, the 'British Radio Corporation'; BRC was later renamed in the early 1970s as 'Thorn Consumer Electronics'; by 1979 the HMV brand name had been sold to Fidelity Radio; HMV trademark continues in use around the world, in the UK by the HMV Group who acquired the trademark from EMI in 2003.