Hand loom for silk weaving with Jacquard machine

Made:
c.1825 in London and Macclesfield
maker:
Warner and Sons
Warner and Sons
inventor:
Joseph Marie Jacquard
Joseph Marie Jacquard
Hand loom for silk weaving with Jacquard machine (looms) Hand loom for silk weaving with Jacquard machine (looms) Hand loom for silk weaving with Jacquard machine (looms) Hand loom for silk weaving with Jacquard machine (looms)

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Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

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License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

License

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

Buy

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

License

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

Buy

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

License

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Old Spitalfields hand loom for silk weaving, c.1840, fitted with Jacquard machine, c.1825, made by Guillotte, complete with lamp

The Jacquard loom, developed by Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752-1834) in 1804, enabled a loom to weave patterned cloth. This is a hand loom, the Jacquard mechanism being hand-operated to select the heads to be raised or lowered once the operator presses the treadle to form the thread. The Jacquard mechanism most likely dates to the period 1820-1834, and was made separately to the loom itself, which is circa 1840. The loom, which has 400 needles, was given to the Museum by Messrs Warner and Sons in 1914 when the firm was at the height of its activity at New Mills at Braintree in Essex.

Details

Category:
Textiles Machinery
Object Number:
1914-469
Materials:
oak (wood), steel (metal), wrought iron, silk and textile
type:
looms
credit:
Warner and Sons

Parts

Old Spitalfields hand loom

Old Spitalfields hand loom

Old Spitalfields hand loom with jacquard mechanism.


Spitalfields hand loom for silk weaving fitted with jacquard machine, made by Guillotte. The Jacquard loom, developed by the Frenchman Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752-1834) in 1804, enabled a loom to weave patterned cloth. This is a hand loom, the Jacquard being hand-operated to select the healds to be raised or lowered once the operator presses the treadle to form the thread. The loom to which the Jacquard mechanism is attached is circa 1840.

By 1860 Daniel Walters & Sons had 150 Jacquard machines and employed 300 hands. Messrs Warner and Sons took over in 1894, retaining William Folliott as manager until his retirement in 1914. William Folliott had owned a Harness making business which he sold in 1860. The loom was given to the Museum by Warner and Sons in 1914 when the firm was at the height of its activity at New Mills at Braintree in Essex.

Materials:
iron and wood
Object Number:
1914-469/1
type:
hand loom and jacquard machine
Loom shears

Loom shears

Loom shears, cards, woven cloth sample and three wooden reels from Spitalfields loom, by Bamford Co., Macclesfield, Cheshire, England.

Measurements:
overall: 110 x 35 x 10 mm
Materials:
steel and brass (shears)
Object Number:
1914-469/2
type:
loom shears
Parts for Spitalfields Hand Loom

Parts for Spitalfields Hand Loom

Parts from the Spitalfields hand loom, including the pedal lock, Bamford Co., Macclesfield, Cheshire, England.

Materials:
metal (unknown) and wood (unidentified)
Object Number:
1914-469/3
type:
parts
bobbin rack from Jacquard loom

bobbin rack from Jacquard loom

Bobbin rack, from Jacquard loom, patented in 1804, by Joseph Marie Jacquard

Object Number:
1914-469/4
type:
looms