Isle of Man Railway "Pender" Locomotive

Made:
1873 in Manchester
maker:
Beyer, Peacock and Company Limited
Isle of Man Railway "Pender" Locomotive (steam locomotive) Isle of Man Railway "Pender" Locomotive (steam locomotive) Isle of Man Railway "Pender" Locomotive (steam locomotive) Isle of Man Railway "Pender" Locomotive (steam locomotive) Isle of Man Railway "Pender" Locomotive (steam locomotive) Isle of Man Railway "Pender" Locomotive (steam locomotive) Isle of Man Railway "Pender" Locomotive (steam locomotive)

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Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence

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Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence

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Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Isle of Man Railway locomotive no. 3, narrow gauge 2-4-0 tank engine, named 'Pender', Order Number 2965, made by Beyer, Peacock & Co. Ltd, Gorton Works, Manchester, 1873.

Sectioned c.1980 to reveal the internal workings for museum display.

Before railways, few people would have travelled for holidays, but by the 1840s entrepreneurs were organising trains to take people on day trips and seaside vacations. As tourism developed in the 19th Century, the Isle of Man became a popular holiday destination, particularly for Lancashire mill workers on their annual ‘wakes week’ holiday. In 1873 the Isle of Man Railway opened to promote commerce and the tourist trade. This locomotive was the third of the first batch of three locomotives ordered for the railway. Between 1873 and 1926 all the Isle of Man Railway’s steam locomotive purchases were from Beyer, Peacock & Co. Ltd.

This locomotive was named after a director of the company Sir John Pender, a key figure in the establishment of the underseas telegraph networks that linked the British Empire, a textile merchant with warehouses and offices in Manchester, and a Liberal MP, who later invested in the Isle of Man Railway. As a Manchester cotton merchant, Pender’s fortune was likely made at least partly resulting from slave labour in the southern states of the USA. His biography (Moyle, 2018) notes that ‘He certainly had business contacts in the cotton-producing Southern states, but what he witnessed when he visited the Southern States in 1849, meant that his sympathies were much more aligned with the Unionists when it came to slavery.’

Details

Category:
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Object Number:
Y1980.12
Materials:
cast iron and brass (copper, zinc alloy)
Measurements:
overall: 2900 mm x 2060 mm x 6990 mm,
type:
steam locomotive
credit:
Purchased from Isle of Man Railway