Edison Kinetophone (or Phonokinetoscope)

Made:
1894 in Orange county
maker:
William Kennedy Laurie Dickson
and
Thomas Alva Edison

Edison Kinetophone (or Phonokinetoscope); Kinetoscope with cylinder phonograph, an early attempt at creating a sound-film system; early motion picture exhibition device, designed for films to be viewed individually through an aperture on the top of the cabinet.

Invented by Thomas Alva Edison's Scottish employee, William Dickson (1860-1935), the Kinetoscope was the first device to show motion pictures. Looking through the eyepiece at the top of the machine, the viewer saw about 20 seconds of film, which passed through in a continuous loop. Kinetoscope parlours offering a choice of films first opened in New York on 14 April 1894 and in London on 18 October 1894. However, they did not survive the introduction of cinema by the Lumiere brothers in Paris a year later. The 'Edison' Phonokinetoscope, also called Kinetoscope with cylinder phonograph was an early attempt at creating a sound-film system.

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National Science and Media Museum: Animation Gallery

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Details

Category:
Cinematography
Object Number:
1930-486/1
Materials:
brass (copper, zinc alloy), glass, metal (unknown) and wood (unidentified)
type:
kinetophone

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