Early H.M.V. Gramophone, 1897.
Early H.M.V. Gramophone, in leather case, with numerous records, 1897.
The first consumer device to play back recorded sound was the phonograph. It played wax or tinfoil cylinders. The gramophone, developed by the German inventor Emile Berliner in 1888, played flat discs instead of cylinders. This model featured in the trademark of the Gramophone Company and its record label, HMV: a painting of a dog called Nipper sitting next to a gramophone listening to ‘his master’s voice’.