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Filmed in 1960 on Talyllyn Railway, Vale of Rheidol Railway and Ffestiog Railway in Wales. Film starts with footage made on Tallylyn Railway, Towyn Wharf station, passenger boarding train, train led by a steam locomotive setting off station, train made of closed and open carriages, passenger seen chatting with driver when the train is stopped, passing through Abergynolwyn station, double headed train (Edward Thomas locomotive), shunting locomotive No. 6, train approaching single line, close-up shots of tracks, Talyllyn Railway informatin/notice board. Footage of the Vale of Rheidol Railway, passenger queue at booking office, family with young children boarding on train, men chatting next to 'Llywelyn' locomotive No. 8 , 'Owain Glyndŵr' No. 7 locomotive pulling passneger train across road with signalman controlling traffic, water tank refill for No. 8, shots on board the train taken from the window, shots taken from lineside, Devils Bridge station. Footage on Ffestiniog railway coupling new locomotive to train, various lineside shots of train passing in landscape, water tank refill, train passing on Britannia bridge to Porthmadog, oiling wheels on Fairlie's patent locomotive, train passing by Britannia Foundry, passengers at stations and station staff including women dressed with traditional Welsh 19th century clothing with tall stovepipe-style hat. A film made for Railway Roundabout BBC TV, by John Adams and Patrick Whitehouse. This is the original master film reel, colour (Ffestiniog Railway footage) and black and white, silent. Duration: 8 minutes 30

16mm film, original master 'Welsh Narrow Gauge'

Moving Images

1960

Filmed in 1960 on the railways in Finland. Footage of static locomotives in railway yard, Finnish railways locomotive No. 1000 on turntable, railway staff cleaning locomotive No. 1004 ash box wearing personal protective equipment (PPE), railwayman checking wheels, two railwaywomen cleaning a locomotive, exterior shot of Helsinki station, shots of platform 3 with sign for 15:05 Express train to Rovaniemi, close-up shots of carriages, passengers boarding, shots of dinning car and kitchen, with female staff, railwayman couple locomotive to carriage, shots of driver and fireman, train departing station led by locomotive No. 1004, shots from inside the driver's cab and lineside shots of train passing, Saaksjarvi station, train stopping at Tampere station, uncoupling steam locomotive 1004, exterior and interior shots of sleeping car (makuuvaunu sovvagn), coupling of diesel locomotive No. 1954 (VR Class Hr11) to carriages, railway porter loading goods on train, train departing station, night shot of train. Railway men and women working on locomotive in yard, maintenance and cleaning, steam locomotives No.750 and 751 (VR Class Hv4), coupling, train departing station, shots from driver's cab, passing through forest, Rovaniemi station, exterior and interior shots of diesel multiple units (DMU) No. 4064 to Kemijärvi, conductor checking ppassengers’tickets on board. A film made for Railway Roundabout BBC TV, by John Adams and Patrick Whitehouse. This is the original master film reel, black and white, silent. Duration: 7 minutes

16mm film, original master 'A Journey from Helsinki to the Arctic Circle'

Moving Images

1960

16mm original film, colour footage edited with splices, descriptive captions and explanatory drawings. 700 feet on 800 feet plastic canister (approximately 20 minutes). Last part (end reel) according captions. Protective measures for lunchbreak, keeping working without respirators when vapour concentration has reduced, and how everything is sorted once the job is completed, how tools are cleaned, what safety measures to follow and how the site is left behind when the train leaves. Captions: 1. Sections continue to work and rest alternately till it is time for a meal. 2. Hoods and respirators are removed as before. 3. Instead of entering the rest hut, the men pass on to the A.R.P Unit for the removal of their gloves, jackets, boots and leggings. 4. The contaminated oilskin clothing is hung on the numbered rails on the side of the coach, while the boots and gloves are placed alongside the numbered pegs. 5. The men now pass into the Unit, collect their civilian boots, wash and have their meal. 6. At the end of the mealtime the men, in their respective shifts, hand back their civilian boots, are re-dressed, and return to work. 7. From time to time during the day, the G.S.O tests the vapour concentration. 8. The time has now arrived when he decides that the vapour concentration is sufficiently reduced for the next shift to return to work without respirators. 9. The job finished, the section then working, clear all the tools and equipment from the site for decontamination. 10. One man removes his gloves and prepares swabs of cotton waste dipped in paraffin and wrung almost dry. 11. Tools are decontaminated - metal parts being wiped with the paraffin swabs (changed frequently) - and wooden parts brushed with bleach cream. 12. Contaminated swabs are collected together and burned. 13. In the meantime the remainder of the working sections have their protective clothing removed and enter the train for the journey home. 14. The Utility section sorts out the contaminated clothing, packs it into bins and loads these into the wagon provided for the purpose. 15. They then re-load all the equipment ready for the return journey. 16. The train, re-marshalled departs for home, leaving behind a notice warning others of the danger which still exists. 17. The End

16mm film, original master ‘Air Raid Precaution, repairing permanent way (end)’

Moving Images

1942

16mm original film, black and white footage edited with splices and descriptive captions. Green leader within reel splitting reel in two, may mark the insert for ‘‘Air Raid Precaution, LMS Liverpool, Evacuation of casualties, reel 1‘. 800 feet on 800 feet plastic canister (approximately 22 minutes). Ambulance men with LMS hat on proceeding to evacuation of casualties (alive and dead) in debris of house, likely to be in Liverpool as a City of Liverpool ambulance is filmed. Caption: 1. The casualty located on the stairway proves to be dead. 2. Just before the casualties are reached, however, a fall of debris breaks on unsuspected gas pipe and the rescuer has to return for remote breathing apparatus. 3. The remote breathing apparatus is improvised from a C.D respirator. 4. Note specially the rubber cap over the respirator container to prevent air containing coal gas being breathed. 5. Pure air, drawn from outside the tunnel, is breathed through the oxygen tube borrowed from oxy-acetylene apparatus. 6. The two casualties, their exit barred by heavy timber, are overcome by the coal gas just before the rescuer breaks through. 7. Owing to obstructions, the casualty cannot be extricated through the hole in the wall, but it is found possible to cut out some floorboards above the top of the debris. 8. All the living casualties having been dealt with, the dead man is removed from the building. 9. The job completed, the squad pack up and return to depot and their normal duties. 10. The End, but - It may happen here. Are you ready?

16mm film, original master ‘Air Raid Precaution, LMS Liverpool, Evacuation of casualties, reel 2 of 2’

Moving Images

1941-1942

16mm original film, black and white and colour footage edited with splices, descriptive captions and explanatory drawings. Two films on one reel separated by green leader. 600 feet on 800 feet plastic canister (approximately 17 minutes). Shots of damaged tracks, plane attacking, and men repairing tracks, but most of the reel focuses on communication between station and control. Green leader separating two films on the reel, second film, on safety measures to be followed by the workers to take off their contaminated protective clothes and boots. Captions: 1. London Midland and Scottish Railway (credit). 2. Repairs to permanent way damaged by high explosive and contaminated by liquid blister gas (title). 3. Part I - Air Attack. 4. The line is bombed and cut. 5. Gas spray. 6. An incident is staged for practice. 7. Gas is reported. 8. The signalman is informed of the incident, safeguards traffic, and informs Control. 9. The District Engineer calls out the Gas Safety Officer and arranges for the Special Repair Squad to stand by and prepare train. GREEN LEADER. 1. Here is a badly twisted and heavily contaminated rail being lifted away and placed downwind of the crater. 2. S&T men decontaminate the point rodding by brushing over with bleach cream. 3. The damaged point rodding is then straightened. 4. Other men proceed to erect the telegraph pole blown down by the H.E bomb. This pol was heavily contaminated with mustard and has been brushed over with bleach cream. 5. It will be seen that the S&T men have rubber gloves to facilitate detail work with the fingers. 6. Notice the withe horse on which tools must be leant to keep them off contaminated ground. 7. The posts carrying the signal wires are driven in. Notice how the man with the hammer seems to be panting after his efforts and rests a few moments. 8. It is dinnertime for the next shift. They return to the A.R.P unit to be undressed and have a meal. 9. Gum boots are removed first by undressers who wear gloves, but protective clothing is taken off in the unit by undressers whose hands are covered with anti-gas ointment No.2. 10. Note teh mistakes of the men who allow their stockinged feet to touch the ground, and of the dresser who possibly contaminates the inside of a boot with his glove. 11. The correct procedure is to swing the feet round like this. 12. Respirators and protective clothing are removed and hung up outside the coach on special rails and hooks. 13. As soon as the men have been undressed they wash their hands, put on whatever of their own clothing they need, and proceed to the next vehicle to eat their dinner. 14. End of reel two

16mm film, original master, two Air Raid Precaution films ‘Repairs to permanent way damaged by high explosive and contaminated by liquid blister gas’ and ‘Repairing bomb damage to the line in presence of mustard gas, reel 2 of 3’

Moving Images

1942

16mm original film, colour footage edited with splices, descriptive captions and explanatory drawings. 500 feet on 800 feet plastic canister (approximately 14 minutes). Part 2 according to opening caption. ARP unit, GSO unit and DE unit are featured, also explanatory drawing, process and safety measures before work starts, how the protective gear is put on, the GSO on site before ARP team, then the repairing train arriving on site, and the units are separated and set at a safe distant from the contaminated area. Captions: 1. Part II - Repairing the damage. 2. The District Engineer (D.E) and Area Technical Assistant of the Signal & Telegraph Department (A.T.A), with the GAS Safety Officer (G.S.O), approach the site to view the extent of the damage. 3. It is decided that the Special Repair Train is necessary. 4. During the journey the first working section change into protective clothing 5. Soon after leaving the depot the Storekeeper issues combinations, socks, and special suits to the Permanent Way men and then to the S&T men in an adjoining vehicle. 6. Towards the end of the journey the men, assisted by dressers, put on oilskins and gumboots. 7. As the train approaches the site the dressing is completed by the addition of respirators and hoods. 8. The G.S.O determines and indicates the liquid and vapour danger areas. 9. He lights a smoky fire to warn him of any change of wind direction during the day. 10. The Repair Train arrives and is pushed up close to the crater. 11. The A.R.P unit is uncoupled from the ballast train and drawn clear of the danger zone

16mm film, original master ‘Air Raid Precaution, permanent way: Part 2, Repairing the damage’

Moving Images

1942

16mm original film, colour footage edited with splices, different parts in reel, with and without captions, possibly different pieces of films assembled on one reel and separated by green leader. May include offcuts and duplicate footage of other ARP film reels. 600 feet on 800 feet plastic canister (approximately 17 minutes). Beginning and end of break signalled by the Timekeeper. Procedures followed when workers from the contaminated go on a break (they are relieved every 30 minutes), with the help of warden and dressers, and the other workers (S&T) take they break 15 minutes after the others to spread the work of the dressers. Miscellaneous footage after GREEN LEADER. Captions: 1. After each 30 minutes, at a signal from the Timekeeper, the section at work is relieved by the one then resting. 2. It is important always to place the tools against the tool horse, when not in use, in order to avoid unnecessary contamination of the handles. 3. The Warden sees that all men pass through the bleach tray on leaving the contaminated area. 4. The dressers thoroughly rub anti-gas ointment No.2 into their hands before attending to men from the contaminated area. 5. Before going to the rest hut the men have their hoods and respirators removed by the dressers. 6. The respirators are wiped out and re-anti-dimmed. 7. Work still goes on at the site. 8. The S&T sections change shifts 15 minutes after the Permanent Way sections in order to spread the work of the dressers. 9. The Timekeeper calls the men to re-dress for another shift. GREEN LEADER. The District Locomotive Superintendent orders the breakdown train. Part II - Repairing the damage. Air raid damage. (typewriter) From Divisional Control, Glasgow… London Midland and Scottish Railway

16mm film, original master ‘Air Raid Precaution, repairing permanent way and miscellaneous’

Moving Images

1942