Handwritten copy of 'Mr Rob.t Whitworth’s report to the gentlemen of the committee at their meeting this day 24th Octo.r 1768'

Made:
1768-1773
part of archive:
Leonard Raisbeck Archive

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© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

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The report states that ‘I am pretty certain a navigable canal may be made without much difficulty but it will not be practicable to bring it very near the coal mines yet very likely may be made in some degree convenient to them by means of waggon ways.’ The report shows anticipated traffic, costs of haulage and maintenance, and projected savings. On the final page are details of the ‘expenses on the navigation account’, accrued between December 1765 & May 1773. The paper is watermarked 1817, suggesting this copy was made for the benefit of the new committee in around 1817-8.

Details

Extent:
1 item
Identifier:
RAIS/3/4
Transcription:
[annotation in right hand margin] Jun 1768 Acct of Coal [illegible characters] Geo Dixon

Mr Tunstell of Darlington statement 7th Decemb'r 1767 5th May 1773
1768 Expences on the Navigation Account.
Sept’r
10 When Shewing the River to Mr. Whitworth at Stockton~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.2.5
13 _ at Staindrop to Messrs.Peirs,Whitworth, Dixon & Richardson~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.17.6
19 Exps for Mr Whitworth & myself at the meeting this day~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.6.0
21 Exps. attending Mr Whitworth this day~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.3.5
22 Do ~~~~~~~~~Do~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.1.4
Oct’r 1 Do. At Stockton receiving Subscriptions~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.1.5
2 Do. with Mr. Whitworth & the~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.3.9
24 Do. Mr Whitworth & my Exps at this day meeting by order~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.9.0
" Exp’s at Staindrop when I received Lord Darlingtons subscription}~~~~~~~~~
" and attending Mr Whitworth at Singleton}~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.5.2
28 Paid Mr Whitworth by bill~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 74.6.0
29 Do John Marshall & Christ Catterick 2 of his assistants ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1.7.0
" Do Wm Graham~~~~~~~~~~~and~~of~~~Do~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1.7.0
Nov’r 5 Do Wm Carlton for assisting Mr Whitworth~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.13.0
Dec’r 10 Do Matt Robinson ~~~Do~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1.7.0
1769
Jan’y 5 Do John Wass~~~~~Do~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.16.0
12 Do Tho’s Denton for Map &c to Mr Whitworth~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1.2.11
14 Do Mr Rich’d Richardsons Bill by order~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 3.6.9
Jun 17 Do George Short for attendance at yarm~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 2.2.0
Aug’t 16 Do ~~Do~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Do~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1.1.0
Oct’r 7 Do ~~Do~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~in ful for do~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 4.11.6
1770
Jan’y 15 Do at Mr Wilkinson with Mr Backhouse~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.0.6
“ Do colouring 37 Plans~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.3.1
23 Do Exp’s this days needing by order~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.4.0
Feb’y 6 Do Jas Backhouse his Bill for Engraving of the plans~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 12.14.0
25 Do Do p Nath’l Kinarley the Gate Keeper at Stockton bridge~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1.1.0
Ap’l 24 Do John Wass for his trouble & by Mr Pierses order to give an account }~~~~
“ of the Lime trade }~~~~ 0.13.0
“ Do Mr Thompson for ordinaries & extra ordinaries 2 days when the }~~~~~~~
Committee sat on Navigation account }~~~~~~~~ 0.0.0
30 Do Exp’s of Mess’rs Richardson Dixon & self by order~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.13.6
“ Do Peter Prind Clerk to Mr Davison Esq’r Collector of Stockton~~~~~~~~~~ 3.3.0
June 15 Do Exp’s Mess’rs Richardson Dixon & self & Mr T this meet’g~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.12.0
16 Do Mr Geo Dixon as by not~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 3.19.0
28 Mr Ja’s Brindley Esq’r by order of Com’te 15th I not~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 10.10.0
1771
Jan’y 20 P’d Jas Backhouse on Tho’s Kitchings account~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 17.3.6
Ap’l 2 P’d Marshall Vasey as by Note a balance~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0.6.10
For printing & Stationary Paid ~~~~~~~ £6.1.1} £145.13.7
Messengers Carriage & Postage~~~~~~ 0.18.2½} £11.10.9½
Print’g Reports Tho’s Mack Mr Allan~~ 4.11.6} £157.4.4½
10 Geo Middleton for Copy’g Mr Whitworths report 11.1.1

A Computation of the quantity of coals that will be yearly carried on the canal from Staindrop to Stockton its Branches the number of Corves of Coals raised at the following Collieries is as under ˷˷˷˷˷˷

At Edderley 25 Scores of Corves p day ||Scores 113 of Corves p day
West Auckland 20 Do Do || 3each [illegible word] || Tons
Cockfield 18 Do Do ||Tons 33
|| 96 each equal to a 3 horse || [illegible word]
Nerwood 15 Do Do ||Tons 2034
Butterknowl 10 Do Do ||50 Working Weeks
Two Bresseletons 8 Do Do ||101700 raised in 1 year
Eldons 10 Do Do ||
Bishop Auckland 7 Do Do ||

The above Collieries supply the country Southward to Borough Bridge. Ripon & Thirsk _ And to the Southeast as far as Hemsley & Guisbro including most of Cleveland and its Alum Works. All the Coals that are consumed on the South side the Canal will go upon it part of its length & be conveyed Southwa’s by its branches to Winston bridge Peirsbridge & Croft bridge . These consumed to the east of the Canal will go upon it the whole length to Stockton or Yarm _ A part of the Country also on the north side the canal will be supplied with the Coals carried upon it By a careful Examination of the Country that is supplied with Coals from the above collieries it will appear that all the Market Towns are either upon it or on the southside of it So are most of the Lime Kilns & all the allum works Hence it may be reasonably & justly admitted that Two Thirds of the Coals raised yearly as above will go upon the Canal in various lengths which is equal to 67,800 Tons. If the mean duty or Lock dues on each Ton be 1/ it will raise yearly £3390 a Sum that will pay the Interest of £67,800 at 5pCent which is a Principal of £7800 more than Mr Whitworths Estimation of the Expence. The Canal with its branches according to Mr Whitworths measurements is 30 miles This will require 12 Men to take the Duty or Toll who are to receive & give Tickets to each other (if no cheaper method can be hit upon) each person to be stationed at the most convenient place were goods are mostly Loaded & Unloaded.

Salaries for the 12 Men at £30 each ~~~~~~~~~~ £360 }
Yearly Interest of the money to build houses ~~~ } }
& a small Garden to each townland _ yearly_ } 60 }
repairs ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ } } £840
Clerks & Surveyors Salaries ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 160 }
Repairs of Locks Sluces dams Tunnels Canal &c 260 }
Printing of Tickets, Advertising Meeting &c 60 }


[Page 2]


Charges brought over £840
To defray this sum let 3d p Ton be added to the Toll dues on 67,800 }
Tons will amount nearly to } 847
A Man a Boy & a horse will navigate a Vessel of 30 Tons & go twice a week from Staindrop to Stockton or yarm for this service
Suppose the mans Wages for the Week £15.0.0
The Boys~~~~~~~ 8.0.0
The Weekly earning. } The Horse~~~~~~ 12.0.0
of each incl. of Back Car } is~~~~~~~~~ £35.0.0
wage which is considered }

s d
Hence the Carriage of a Ton pound Staindrop to Stockton will be ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0 7
The Toll dues being the Extreme length ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1 6
Salaries as before calculated ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 0 3
Carriage by the Present Roads from the Collieries to Canal p Ton ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 3 0
To expence p Ton from the Collieries to Stockton or yarm ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 5 4
The present p Ton by Land Carriage to Do ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 10 0
Expence p Ton saved by the Canal being made ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 4 8

By small Canals & Waggon Ways which the act should impower one to make from the Collieries to the main Canal this __ article may be reduced one half consequently the saving p Ton to Stockton will be 62 In the above calculations we have supposed Coals only to come upon the line of Canal but when Lead Lime stone Timber deals Tiles Bricks Iron manure butter Merchandize Corn hams Marketware &c come upon the same they will raise a Toll sufficient to pay the Interest of £12000 more Principal or lower the above calculations 3d p Ton.
s d
Further Lead at Present is carried from Staindrop to Stockton 9 9½p Ton
The same will be carried by the Canal down 2 4
Saved in this article at the least p Ton £7 5½

N.B. The Canal being finished the yearly expences & Repairs will be nearly the same though the Trade & consumption should greatly increase_and that they will is clear _ from the following reasons. First if the Coals be delivered at a lower price it will make the consumer use them more freely on more occasions Second the decrease of Turves Whins Wood & the addition_all Houses built in towns & new Inclosures makes Coals used more every year as all the Coal owners know by experience Third a Chaldron of Coals 53 Hundred weight is delivered at Shields for 11/ a Chaldron of Coals of the same weight can be delivered at Stockton for 15/ Hence it may be reasonably supposed that Stockton vessels for London may take coals by way of Ballast Others to make out their loading and those that go with lead &c to Holland the east Country or elsewhere maybe coals quickly complete their Freight by which means the ships laying so long in the Tees will make a greater number of voyages yearly. There are other colliers which send part of their Coals into the same Country & will come upon the canal as Lunton hill Wargill Bilchburn Whitton Brandon Hovey Hill & Coahome all which will either settle the above Tolls or pay an Interest of additional principal Cheapness of Coals_saves lopping of Trees by Tenants a thing very detrimental to Landlords & the Nation in general.
The above is sent for your inspection if there are any useful hints which
will give you Satisfacting information it will be a pleasure to [give] your
most obedient servants Richard Richardson
June 1st 1769 Geo Dixon

Copy of Mr. Rob’t Whitworths Report to the Gentlemen of the Committee at their meeting this day 24th Octo’r 1768. I’ve viewed the Country from Stockton along the banks of the River Tees as high as Winston bridge & likewise from Stockton by way of Sadberge & by the way of the several Coal Mines & Lime Kilns And thro’ every probable part of the Country I am pretty certain a navigable Canal may be made without much dificulty but it will not be practicable to bring it very near the Coal mines yet very likely may be made in some degree convenient to them by means of Waggonways It may be carried near many of the lime Kilns. I apprehend the Headland of this Navigation will be found most convenient to be made from near Winston to near Staindrop &c & so by Darlington to Stockton, or into some part of the River Tees where it is found to be a good navigation & maybe thought most Eligible to fall into it but through what particular part of the Country or by what places it will be found most convenient to carry it. _ _ _ _ By the Occular Survey I’ve made I cannot pretend to say _ that must be determined by an actual one.

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