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[Page 16]

Aug 2nd. Have been reading an article in Westminster Review on Smiles [sic] life of G. Stephenson.

It appears that improvements in steam engines have generally been made by working men, showing that inventions are most likely to proceed from those who most feel the want of them.

In looking over yesterday’s “Engineer” I spied an engraving of “Smith’s patent self acting mercurial regulator[”] [9] , purporting to have been in operation in several mills for 14 months, with success. C. W. Williams were [struck through] suggestions seemed to be carried out for the rest.[10]

This is almost identical with the one I designed a few weeks since for Darlington Mills, except that it contains

[Page 17]

a piston in a cylinder & other complications, which will make it cost, I think at least half as much again as mine.

Aug 6th. It occurs to me that the bitterness occasioned by religious differences, are owing to the peculiarities of human nature, & the assumed superiority necessarily implied by holding tenets opposite to those of others. For in other matters, matters of business for instance, men will yield readily to those who have had more experience, & think it no disgrace. But the spirit of most sects is so essentially selfish, that all the world else feels insulted at them. For they look upon those who do not think as they do, as

[9] The engraving may be found in The Engineer, 31 July 1857, p.84.

[10] Charles Wye Williams (d.1866) was an enthusiastic promoter of steam navigation, and an associate both of the Institute of Naval Architects and Institute of Civil Engineers. See Liverpool Daily Post, 10 April 1866.

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